Mondays Warm-up What do you know about Canada? 5 things 5 things
Human (Cultural) Geography of Canada
Overview/ generalization: Chapter 7 identifies the features of human (cultural) geography of Canada
Canadas population is approximately 33,500,000. Comparison to the US: about 350,000,000. Canada has a MUCH smaller population, on MORE land than the US!
The People of Canada
Canadas population is ethnically diverse. Canadas population is ethnically diverse.
First Nations Who are the Canadians known as FIRST NATIONS? Native peoples of Canada: Inuit Eskimos
British culture French culture
Great Britain and France Colonial rivalry between: Great Britain and France Both countries wanted the money that could be made in Canada from its coastal fisheries and fur trading!
Cultural Influence of Canada The English have greatly influenced much of Canadas culture & political system The French have a strong cultural influence in the province of Quebec!
The metis are of mixed French and Native American blood
The Geography of Canada
Many factors have affected the development and settlement of Canada
The cold climate of Canada The climate of Canada is COLD!
Most Canadians live within 100 miles of the US border! Reasons for this?
A transcontinental railroad was The Transcontinental RR of Canada helped connect eastern and western Canada Helped transport resources, especially gold, from the west back to the capital in the east
What is a province? province What is a province ? (#26) (includes: Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7-10
Subregions of Canada Cultural SUBregions of Canada (Pacific Province and Territories) (Prairie Provinces) (Core Provinces) (Atlantic Provinces)
The Atlantic Provinces What is significant about the Atlantic Provinces? The location of the arrival of the Vikings Known for its rugged coastline and it fishing industry
The Prairie Provinces What are the important characteristics of the Prairie Provinces? Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba
Farmland in the Prairie Provinces Farming in the Prairie Provinces (extension of the Great Plains region of the United States)
The Pacific Province (British Columbia) Which province is known as the Pacific Province? What is the climate like in the coastal parts of this province? Major port cities - trade with Asia
Why are the Territories so SPARSELY populated? Other characteristics of the Territories???
The Core Provinces Why are the Core Provinces known heartland as Canadas heartland ?
French influence in Quebec Which of Canadas provinces strongly reflects the influence of the French?
The Quebecois- who are they? The Quebecois- Who are they??
Regionalism in Canada Regionalism: the political and emotional support for ones region before support for ones country. Regions in Canada are very, very different, that often it causes conflicts.
Factors of Regionalism Quebec & Ontario have argued for centuries about language and cultural differences Atlantic & Pacific Provinces have felt detached from the center of Canada because of the vast size of Canada Alberta feels that it shouldnt have to share its oil with Ottawa British Columbia feels the mountains and vast distance has left them isolated.
Regionalism The geography of Canada helps keep regionalism alive for the Canadian people
What country strongly influenced Canadas political system?
Structure of the govt in Canada Structure of the Canadian Government
Canadas Prime Minister Stephen Harper January 2006 Leader of the majority party in the House of Commons.
Canadas symbolic head of state Queen Elizabeth II
Economy and Culture of Canada
Canadian Mountie Canadian Mountie
Canada has abundant natural resources
Canada has a strong economy based on exports.
Canada is a major exporter of wood pulp.
rolls of newsprint
fishing industry (PRIMARY LEVEL OF ECONOMIC ACTIVITY)
Agriculture Only about 5% of Canadas land is suitable for farming yet it produces large amounts of food for domestic and export. Canada has many mineral deposits so mining is a major industry in Canada. Canada exports more fish than any other country in the world because it has access to three coastlines: Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic.
What is NAFTA?
NAFTA members (U.S.)(Mexico)(Canada)
NAFTA NAFTA makes trading easier between Canada, the U.S. and Mexico. About 85% of Canadas exports went to the U.S. and 75% of Canadas imports came from the U.S. U.S. is Canadas chief trading partner; the two countries share the longest open border in the world and the same language.
Celebrities from Canada
Alanis Morissette Shania Twain Avril Lavigne
Jim Carrey Celine Dion
Matthew Perry Michael J. Fox
Mike Myers Peter Jennings (died of lung cancer in 2005)