KIDS HOPE AUS.
THEMED MENTOR HOUR
NELSON MANDELA The aim of this unit is to learn about Nelson Mandela, encouraging the children to see the
importance and value of every person.
“We are not born hating someone because of the colour of their skin, their background or
religion. People learn to hate and they can also learn to love.”
Please Note: Most of the written work in this unit is more suited to older students. However,
the craft and cooking activities can be used by all ages. Use your discretion!
SUMMARY OF HIS LIFE
Use this information to find out what your child knows about Nelson Mandela.
ABOUT NELSON MANDELA
Occupation: President of South Africa and Activist Born: July 18, 1918 in Mvezo, South Africa
Died: December 5, 2013 in Johannesburg, South Africa
Best known for: Serving 27 years in prison as a protest against apartheid
Who Was Nelson Mandela?
Nelson Mandela was a civil rights leader in South Africa. He fought against apartheid, a system
where non-white citizens were segregated from whites and did not have equal rights. He served
a good portion of his life in prison for his protests, but became a symbol for his people. Later
he would become president of South Africa.
Where did Nelson Mandela grow up?
Nelson Mandela was born on July 18, 1918 in Mvezo, South Africa. His birth name is Rolihlahla.
He got the nickname Nelson from a teacher in school. Nelson was a member of Thimbu
royalty and his father was chief of the city of Mvezo. He attended school and later college at the
College of Fort Hare and the University of Witwatersrand. At Witwatersrand, Mandela got his
law degree and would meet some of his fellow activists against apartheid.
What did Nelson Mandela do?
Nelson Mandela became a leader in the African National Congress (ANC). At first he pushed
hard for the congress and the protesters to follow Mohandas Gandhi's non-violence approach.
At one point he started to doubt that this approach would work and started up an armed
branch of the ANC. He planned to bomb certain buildings, but only the buildings. He wanted to
make sure than no one would be hurt. He was classified as a terrorist by the South African
government and sent to prison.
Mandela would spend the next 27 years in prison. His prison sentence brought international
visibility to the anti-apartheid movement. He was finally released through international pressure
Once released from prison, Nelson continued his campaign to end apartheid. His hard work and life long effort paid off when all races were allowed to vote in the 1994 election. Nelson
Mandela won the election and became president of South Africa. There were several times
during the process where violence threatened to break out. Nelson was a strong force in
keeping the calm and preventing a major civil war.
How long was Nelson Mandela in prison?
He spent 27 years in prison. He refused to bend on his principals in order to be released and
stated that he would die for his ideals. He wanted all people of all races to have equal rights in
Fun facts about Nelson Mandela
Nelson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.
July 18th is Nelson Mandela day. People are asked to devote 67 minutes to helping
others. The 67 minutes represents the 67 years Mandela spent serving his country.
Invictus was a 2009 movie about Nelson Mandela and the South African rugby team.
He had six children and twenty grandchildren.
FILL THE GAPS
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was a great leader who spent his entire adult life working for
equality and justice in South ___________________________. Mandela has
________________________ people around the world to work non-violently for a better
Mandela was born on January 18, 1918, in ___________________________ Africa. He was
named Rolihlahla, which means "troublemaker" in the Xhosa language. Mandela's
___________________________ was the ruler of the Thembu people and his father was a
Mandela fought against apartheid, the laws that established ___________________________
separation and oppression in South Africa. He was ___________________________ for
this and sentenced to life in prison in 1964. After spending 27 _______________________
in prison, he was released and was later ___________________________ President of
Mandela served as ___________________________ of South Africa from 1994 until 1999
(he refused a ___________________________ term). He championed reconciliation, the
peaceful ___________________________ of grievances after decades of repressive
___________________________ against black South Africans. Without Mandela's
leadership, South Africa might well have lapsed into a _______________________ war.
Mandela died on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95. He died of natural causes after a long
___________________________. He will be remembered as one of the greatest peace-
makers and ___________________________ of all time.
Write the correct word in the blank.
1. Mandela fought his entire life _________ equality and freedom.
2. Nelson Mandela is _________ symbol for freedom and justice.
3. Nelson Mandela was born _________ July 18, 1918.
4. In 1964, Mandela _________ arrested and put on trial.
c) would be
5. _________ that trial, he gave a famous speech explaining his beliefs.
6. He stayed _________ prison for 26 years.
7. Mandela worked _________ with the white president of South Africa.
8. He was _________ president of South Africa.
NELSON MANDELA COMPREHENSION SHEET
Nelson Mandela was born in Transkei, South Africa, on July 18, 1918. He was the first member
of his family to attend school. A Methodist teacher gave him the name “Nelson” at school. He
continued in school and later attended the University of South Africa in Johannesburg. He
became a lawyer representing those who would otherwise go without legal assistance.
Mandela was first involved in nonviolent protests but was eventually arrested for treason and
placed in prison. He was fighting against the apartheid and the treatment of his people.
Apartheid was the practice of keeping the races separated in South Africa. Locked in his cell for
years on end, Nelson’s spirit was not broken. Nelson Mandela spent 27 years in prison. Most of
this time was spent in a tiny cell on Robben Island. His captivity became widely publicised. He
was considered a terrorist when he was imprisoned, but as time wore on, it became apparent
that he was treated unjustly in his fight to end apartheid.
Once released from prison, Nelson Mandela went on to receive hundreds of awards. He
received the Nobel Peace Prize which many felt was also a tribute to the people of South Africa
as much as to him. On April 27, 1994, Nelson Mandela was elected President of South Africa.
He served until 1999. He continued to work pushing for peace throughout the world. In South
Africa, he is known as Madiba, which is an honorary title. Nelson Mandela continues to inspire
1. What can you infer about why Nelson was so successful in life?
a. People felt sorry for him and took pity on him.
b. He eventually got the vision of his life.
c. He learned great lessons and was able to overcome obstacles and work hard.
d. He was able to become president.
2. What is the meaning of the word “treason” as used in the passage?
3. Which of the following statements is true after reading the passage?
a. Nelson Mandela spent his life seeking restitution for his treatment.
b. Nelson Mandela was a perfect person.
c. Nelson Mandela went on to inspire millions because of his experiences.
d. Apartheid no longer exists on the African continent.
Nelson Mandela Connect-the-Dots. Connect the numbers, the capital letters, and the
Friends come in all colors and sizes! Teach kids about diversity and freedom with these cute
little Freedom Friends puppets.
Total time: 1 hour
What you'll need
Jumbo craft sticks (1 for each puppet)
Mini craft sticks (2 for each puppet) Construction paper in various colors
Small wiggle eyes (2 for each puppet)
Craft paint: peach or flesh, brown, light brown,
sunflower or light tan
Chenille stems in black and brown
White craft glue and hot glue gun
Black Sharpie marker
You can purchase craft sticks of all sizes at your local craft supply store. If you like, decorate
the clothing and hair with ribbons, bows, buttons and other embellishments. For a simpler hair
option, simply cut out from construction paper and glue in place.
How to make it
1. Paint jumbo craft sticks and mini craft sticks with brown, flesh, light brown and sunflower, set aside to dry.
2. Using colorful construction paper, cut out simple t-shirts and bottoms.
3. Glue 2 wiggle eyes on each jumbo craft stick.
4. To make curly hair, cut chenille stem into 4 pieces. Wrap each piece tightly around the
handle of a small paintbrush. Remove and gently pull to stretch out a little. For looser
curls, stretch out more
5. Use hot glue gun to attach hair to each puppet.
6. Use white craft glue to add clothing. Glue the blue bottoms on first and the shirt should
7. Turn over and glue arms to the back of the jumbo craft stick, be sure to line them up
with the shirt sleeves.
8. When dry, turn back over and draw on smiles and dot on a nose with the black marker.
MAKE AN AFRICAN SHIELD/MASK
(Our finished mask was about 75cms tall). There are eye holes so the
kids can see (they can only see through one hole at a time).
corrugated cardboard (old cardboard box)
scissors (good strong ones!), case cutter or exacto knife
brown paint (poster/tempra paint)
decorator color of paint (we used white, but any color would
work) raffia, string or wool
OPTIONAL: Paper Mache.
decide on the design for your project.
for some ideas.)
Keep in mind that you'll have to cut out the pieces, so you'll want
to make them fairly basic shapes.
Draw the design on a piece of paper (or on computer software that allows drawing)
Freehand draw the facial pieces onto corrugated cardboard (old boxes).
Cut them out
If you want some facial pieces to stick out more:
o trace the first piece
o cut the shape out again
o glue the shapes together
o We did 2 layers for the mouth and 3 layers for the
freehand draw the shield/mask shape on a large piece of
Cut it out.
Cut out eye holes.
At this point you can just glue all of your pieces together.
OR, you can paper mache the project. The Paper Mache will make the
craft MUCH sturdier. It is the method we chose.
o paper mache (2 layers) the shield and all of the face pieces.
o while the mache is still wet, assemble the face. The wet mache
will stick together and hold the pieces in place
o let dry
cover with a final layer of scrap white paper mache
Once everything's dry, paint the entire project.
AFRICAN SAND PAPER ART: CAVE DRAWINGS (“PETROGLYPHS)
This is a very simple, but very effective way to make a drawing that looks like it came right off
an African cave wall.
Use images of lions, giraffes, rhinos and hunters with
spears to give the craft an African theme.
Cave drawings depicted the artists life, so let the kids
piece of coarse sandpaper
Optional: Instead of sand paper, you could draw on a large rock instead.
Draw an African scene on the sandpaper with crayons Don't worry if the images are very basic. That's what cave drawings look like.
Press hard on the crayons.
Here are images of real cave drawings (petroglyph)
Here are some more ideas for what types of petroglyphs the kids might draw:
THE GEOGRAPHY OF SOUTH AFRICA
Capital: Pretoria (administrative capital)
The Geography of South Africa
Borders: Namibia, Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Swaziland, Zimbabwe, Indian Ocean,
Total Size: 1,219,912 square km
Geographical Coordinates: 29 00 S, 24 00 E
World Region or Continent: Africa
General Terrain: vast interior plateau rimmed by rugged hills and narrow coastal plain
Geographical Low Point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
Geographical High Point: Njesuthi 3,408 m
Climate: mostly semiarid; subtropical along east coast; sunny days, cool nights
Major Cities: Johannesburg 3.607 million; Cape Town 3.353 million; Ekurhuleni (East Rand)
3.144 million; Durban 2.837 million; PRETORIA (capital) 1.404 million
Major Landforms: Drakensberg Mountain Range, Magaliesberg Mountains, Karoo Plateau,
Table Mountain, Highveld, the Great Escarpment, Lesotho Highlands, Kalahari Basin, Kalahari
Desert, Witwatersrand, the Bushveld, Cape of Good Hope
Major Bodies of Water: Orange River, Limpopo River, Vaal River, Lake Chrissie, False Bay,
Indian Ocean, Atlantic Ocean
Famous Places: Cape of Good Hope, Table Mountain, Kruger National Park, Robben Island,
Boulders Beach, Signal Hill, Lion's Head, Big Hole, Cape Town, Garden Route, Johannesburg,
Blyde River Canyon Nature Reserve
SOUTH AFRICAN FLAG
The new national flag of the Republic of South Africa was first flown on 27th April 1994.
The design and colours are a combination of principal elements of the country’s flag history.
However, officially there is no symbolism attached to any of the colours.
The central design of the flag, beginning at the flagpost in a “V” form and converging into a
single horizontal band to the outer edge, can be interpreted as the convergence of diverse
elements within South African society, taking the road ahead in unity.
This theme of convergence and unity reflects the motto of the National Coat of Arms, “Unity is
The flag was designed by State Herald, Mr F Brownell.
In Africa, sesame seeds, or benne, symbolize
What you'll need
2/3 cup sesame seeds
1/2 cup butter
1/2 cup sugar
1/2 cup brown sugar
1 tsp. vanilla extract
1 1/4 cups all-purpose flour
1/2 tsp. baking powder
1/4 tsp. cinnamon 1/4 tsp. salt
How to make it
Toast the sesame seeds on a baking sheet in a preheated 350-degree oven for about 10
minutes. Stir occasionally to keep the seeds from burning. Set them aside to cool.
In a mixing bowl, cream together the butter and sugars.
Beat in the egg and vanilla extract.
Stir in the flour, baking powder, cinnamon and salt. Beat until well mixed.
Fold in half of the sesame seeds.
Shape the dough into 1-inch balls and roll them in the remaining sesame seeds.
Place on a greased cookie sheet and flatten with the palm of your hand.
Bake until golden brown (about 10 minutes).
Makes 2 dozen.