Note Entry #1 Industrial America: 1865-1900. Major Themes of 1865-1900. Industrialization New Technologies Labor-capital conflict (Labor unions) Political corruption Immigration Urbanization The “new” woman Westward expansion. What F ueled Industrialization?. Natural Resources - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Rise of Industrialism
Note Entry #1Industrial America: 1865-1900Major Themes of 1865-1900IndustrializationNew TechnologiesLabor-capital conflict (Labor unions)Political corruptionImmigrationUrbanizationThe new womanWestward expansion
What Fueled Industrialization?Natural ResourcesOil Black GoldCoal, Iron ore - How?Government Support for BusinessGrowing Urban PopulationCheap LaborNew Markets
Technology BoomPrior to 1860 36,000 patents in 70 years1860-1900 Over 676,000 patents!
Alexander Graham Bell Telephone in 1876 How did this change America?
In a 1900 poll, Americans ranked Thomas Edison 2nd in all time influential figures in history just behind Jesus.Railroad Boom!Unified the country and creates a national market Union Pacific, Central Pacific, Santa Fe, Great Northern, Southern PacificMeatpacking Industry?
Over 192,000 Miles by 1900Immigration
Millions of people flock to the US - Russian and Eastern European Jews, Italians, Poles, Italians, Greeks, Czechs, Bohemians, Chinese
What do you notice about these numbers?
Angel Island Any Idea Where this is?
Changes in BusinessLaissez-faire capitalism government should stay out of businessMonopoly specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodityVertical Integration - gain control in all aspects of the production of their productHorizontal Integration gain control of competing businesses in one areaSocial Darwinism - Survival of the fittest justify the growth of big businesses
Impact of the Industrial RevolutionStandard of livingAgriculture eclipsed by industryFree enterprise towards monopolyRegimented workplaceWomen= economic, social independenceSocial stratificationUrban centers mushroomed
3 Facts and ImportanceAs you go through a text, rather than putting yourself to sleep reading it, you need to actively engage in the process. Thus, there are simple strategies to enhance your comprehension. For todays introduction to Industrialization, you will be going through pages 205-209. Please follow the steps to complete the activity:
Read the following sections (Rise of Heavy Industry, Technology Boom, The Birth of Consumerism, The Merger Movement, Social Darwinism)Go back and write out three important factsUnderneath the facts write: Importance--------Next to Importance, write a sentence (a complete sentence, Yes, I know its brutal) as to why this is important for the bigger picture (i.e. industrialization).Repeat process through each section.This is due tomorrowIndustrialization Technological Innovations---SteelOilFarmingElectricityBusiness AdvancesPopular Culture1880: 50% of Americans work in agriculture1920: 25% of Americans work in agriculture
What will 1980-2020 changes bring? .
How did Steve Jobs and Apple change the way we live on a day-to-day basis?Or how about innovations in transportation?
In Your GroupsUsing your textbook and the internet, research your assigned innovation and create a poster with the following information
Name of the InnovationInventorBrief Description Impact (How did it change the way Americans lived and did things?...How did it REVOLUTIONIZE economy and American Society)
Be creative and include a picture or symbol for your innovation When you finish, find a place in the room hang your poster.You will have 20 minutes on Monday in the Library to finish this.New Business
Steel Industry EmergesAndrew Carnegie---Impoverished Scottish immigrantWorked his way up Invested in steel By 1890- controlled of nations steelSold company to JP MorganCarefully cultivated imageGospel of Wealth- will give away over 90% of his wealth
In Vertical Integration, Robber Barons gain control in all aspects of the production of their product. An example would be Andrew Carnegie with the U.S. Steel Co.. Carnegie expanded his steel empire by acquiring the iron ore resources, the railroads for transportation, and then steel mills to actually make the steel all resulting in one GIANT Steel Co. instead of many individual Companies. This method helped eliminate the middle man which directly increased the profit of the Company, however not necessarily the workers.Resources Transportation Steel MillsGIANT STEEL CO.Vertical Integration19Petroleum IndustryOil= kerosene for lampsJohn D. Rockefeller The way to make money is to buy when blood is running in the streets.Standard Oil Co. By 1877- owned 95% of all oil refineriesRule or ruinProduced a quality product at a cheap price Able to control the market
Horizontal Integration With horizontal integration, robber barons, such as John D. Rockefeller would buy up all of his competition and monopolize certain marketsMergers If you cant beat em, join em!Rockefeller cornered the oil market. By 1877 Rockefeller owned 95% of all U.S. Oil Companies. Rockefeller was a firm believer in Social Darwinism. Many different Oil producers All bought up by one big companywhich creates:A GiantOilCompany 21
ROBBER BARONS?... OF THE GILDED AGEJay Gould- stock watering Cornelius Vanderbilt- monopolized Andrew Carnegie- gave for over 30 years New York area railways away 90% of fortune J.P. Morgan- bought out Collis Huntington- Southern John D. Rockefeller- showed little Carnegie and created U.S Steel Corp. and Central Pacific Railroad mercy in ownership of Standard Oil Comp.How might this lead to the labor movement and progressive ideas?How do we portray these industrialistsgood? Bad?...Ugly? Robber BarronAccentuate the negativeCruel and ruthlessGreedyExploit workers to obtain max amount of wealthUnfairStole from the public
Captain of IndustryCaptain IngeniousLeaderSkillfulTransformerCreated job opportunitiesPhilanthropist (Charity)