Nuclear Weapon Accident Response Procedures (DOD) (1999) WW

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DoD 3150.8-M, December 1999

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FOREWORD

DoD 3150.8-M, December 1999

TABLE OF CONTENTSFOREWORD TABLE OF CONTENTS FIGURES TABLES REFERENCES DEFINITIONS ABBREVIATIONS AND/OR ACRONYMS PART I - PLANNING, POLICY, AND RESPONSE GUIDANCE C1. CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION C2. CHAPTER 2 - NUCLEAR WEAPON ACCIDENT RESPONSE PROCEDURES C3. CHAPTER 3 - SHIPBOARD ACCIDENT RESPONSE PART II - TECHNICAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE ISSUES OF RADIOLOGICAL ACCIDENT RESPONSE C4. CHAPTER 4 - RADIOLOGICAL HAZARD AND SAFETY ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING C5. CHAPTER 5 - RESPIRATORY AND PERSONNEL PROTECTION C6. CHAPTER 6 - CONTAMINATION CONTROL C7. CHAPTER 7 - BIOASSAY PROCEDURES C8. CHAPTER 8 - RADIOACTIVE MATERIALS, CHARACTERISTICS, HAZARDS, AND HEALTH CONSIDERATIONS C9. CHAPTER 9 - CONVERSION FACTORS FOR WEAPONS GRADE PLUTONIUM C10. CHAPTER 10 - MEDICAL C11. CHAPTER 11 - SECURITY C12. CHAPTER 12 - WEAPON RECOVERY OPERATIONS C13. CHAPTER 13 - COMMUNICATIONS Page 2 4 7 8 9 11 33 44 45 52 83 95

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232 239 256 266 274

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DoD 3150.8-M, December 1999

C14. CHAPTER 14 - PUBLIC AFFAIRS C15. CHAPTER 15 - LEGAL C16. CHAPTER 16 - LOGISTIC SUPPORT C17. CHAPTER 17 - TRAINING PART III - SITE REMEDIATION GUIDANCE C18. CHAPTER 18 - OVERVIEW OF THE SITE REMEDIATION PROCESS C19. CHAPTER 19 - ACCIDENT SCENCE RESPONSE C20. CHAPTER 20 - INTERMEDIATE ACTIONS C21. CHAPTER 21 - LONG-TERM ACTIONS PART IV - SPECIALIZED ASSETS AND POINTS OF CONTACT C22. CHAPTER 22 - SUMMARY OF SPECIALIZED CAPABILITIES C23. CHAPTER 23 - BIBLIOGRAPHY APPENDICES C3.AP1. SHIPBOARD FIREFIGHTING C3.AP2. SHIPBOARD RADIOLOGICAL MONITORING AND CONTROL C4.AP1. RADIOLOGICAL MONITORING EQUIPMENT C4.AP2. RADIATION DETECTION AND MEASUREMENT C4.AP3. ENVIRONMENTAL SAMPLING C4.AP4. SPECIALIZED RADIOLOGICAL MONITORING, RADIAC REPAIR, AND HAZARD ASSESSMENT/CAPABILITIES TEAMS C4.AP5. AREA AND RESOURCES SURVEYS

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89 91 114 117 128 135

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C4.AP6. RADIOLOGICAL MONITORING, MEASUREMENT, AND CONTROL FORMS 166 C10.AP1. NON-RADIOLOGICAL TOXIC HAZARDS C14.AP1. PUBLIC AFFAIRS GUIDANCE/CONTINGENCY RELEASES C14.AP2. RADIATION FACT SHEETS 251 295 301

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C14.AP3. PUBLIC AFFAIRS RESPONSE ORGANIZATION CONCEPT C14.AP4. JIC/CIB ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMUNICATION AND LOGISTIC SUPPORT/EQUIPMENT C14.AP5. JIC/CIB RECOMMENDED KEY MESSAGES AND NON-RELEASABLE INFORMATION C14.AP6. CHECK LIST C15.AP1. PERTINENT STATUTES AND INSTRUCTIONS C16.AP1. LOGISTICS RESOURCES C22.AP1. POINTS OF CONTACT

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DoD 3150.8-M, December 1999

FIGURESFigure C1.F1. C1.F2. C1.F3. C2.F1. C2.F2. C2.F3. C2.F4. C4.F1. C4.F2. C4.AP2.F1. C4.AP3.F1. C4.AP4.F1. C4.AP4.F2. C4.AP4.F3. C4.AP4.F4. C4.AP4.F5. C4.AP4.F6. C4.AP4.F7. C4.AP4.F8. C4.AP4.F9. C4.AP4.F10. C4.AP4.F11. C4.AP4.F12. C4.AP4.F13. C4.AP6.F1. C4.AP6.F2. C4.AP6.F3. C4.AP6.F4. C4.AP6.F5. C4.AP6.F6. C4.AP6.F7. C4.AP6.F8. C4.AP6.F9. C4.AP6.F10. C5.F1. C6.F1. C6.F2. C7.F1. C11.F1. C13.F1. C18.F1. C18.F2. C19.F1. C19.F2. Title Page Accident Operational Responses 46 Relationshiip of Initial Response Actions 48 Nuclear Weapon Accident Response Reecovery Operations Flow Diagram 49,50 Nuclear Weapon Accident Notification Flow 54 Sample Accident Site Organization 59 Response Task Force General Composition 62 Radiological Assistance Program (RAP) Locations 80 Joint Hazard Evaluation Center Functional Organization 104 Sample Protective Action Recommendation (PAR) Form 112 Spectral Plot 123 Air Sampler Placement 131 HPAC Modeling Prediction Surface Dose 136 HPAC Modeling Prediction Hazards Area Effects 137 HPAC Process 138 Hotspot Fire Model Geometry 143 Hotspot Explosion Model Geometry 144 Hotspot Downwind Plume Centerline (Stability A-F) 145 Hotspot Plume Contour Plot 146 Hotspot Plum Contour Displayed on Geographical Map 147 ARAC PLOT Lung Dose 150 ARAC PLOT Deposition 151 Aerial Survey Results Early Phase Radiological Data 156 Aerial Survey Results Radiological Data Measurements, AMS Serpentine, and 157 Field Measurements Aerial Survey Results Radiological Data Measurements, AMS Contours, and 158 AMS KIWI Access Work Permit Form 168 Team Dress Requirements CCS Form 173 Team Entry/Exit Permit CCS Form 174 Analysis Data Form 175 Personnel Sample Form 179 Geographic Location Form 182 Field Sample Data Form 185 Field Measurement Data Form 188 JHEC Equipment Data Form 192 Air Sample Data Form 195 Aerial Survey Results Protective Action Guides (PAGs), Evacuation PAGs, and 202 Quarantine Areas Personnel Contamination Control Station (Example) 209 Vehicle Contamination Control Station (Example) 215 Estimated 50-Year Committed Effective Dose 220 Security Concept 260 Signal Operating Instruction 285 Nuclear Accident Response Phases 346 The Site Remediation Process 348 Site Remediation: Early Stages 352 Remediation Phase Relationships 3557 TABLE OF CONTENTS

DoD 3150.8-M, December 1999

C19.F3. C21.F1. C21.F2.

SRWG Approval and Coordination Process Notional Site Remediation Plan and Approval Process Steps in the Approval Process

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TABLESTable Title Page C2.T1. Nuclear Weapon Confirmation Guidelines 65 C4.AP2.T1. Commonly Considered Radioactive Contaminants and Their Primary Associated 120 Radioactive Emissions C4.AP3.T1. Air Sampler Calibration 129 C4.AP3.T2. Air Sampler Placement (No. 2) Distance 131 C5.T1. Recommended Respiratory Protection Levels for Emergency Workers as a Function 200 of Airborne Contamination C5.T2. Protective Devices for Emergency Worker as a Function of Surface Contamination 200 C6.T1. Contamination Control Station Materials List 211 C6.T2. CCS Personnel 212 C7.T1. Guidelines for Bioassay Sampling 222 C7.T2 Guidelines for Assignment of Priorities for Collection and Processing of Bioassays 223 C9.T1. Conversion Factors for Weapons Grade Plutonium 232 2 or Ci/m2) AN/PDR-56 Alpha Meter C9.T2. 235 Conversion Table (CPM to g/m C9.T3. 236 Conversion Table (CPM to g/m2or Ci/m2) AN/PDR-60 or AN/PDR-56 Alpha Meter C9.T4. 237 Conversion Table (MBq to mCi and Ci) C9.T5. Conversion to SI Units 238 C10.T1. Heat Injury Prevention Guidelines 248 C17.T1. Nuclear Weapon Accident Response Training Courses 344

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TABLES

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REFERENCES (a) DoD Directive 3150.8, "DoD Response to Radiological Accidents," June 13, 1996 (b) Federal Radiological Emergency Response Plan (FRERP), May 1, 1996 (c) DoD 8910.1-M, "DoD Procedures for Management of Information Requirements," June 1998 (d) DSWA 5100.52.1-L, "Nuclear Accident Response Capability Listing," April 1997 (e) DoD Directive 5200.8, "Security of Military Installations and Resources," April 25, 1991 (f) CJCSM 3150.03, "Joint Reporting Structures, Event and Incident Reports," June 19, 1998 (g) DoD Directive 5230.16, "Nuclear Accident and Incident Public Affairs (PA) Guidance," December 20, 1993 (h) Joint DoD, DOE, and FEMA Agreement for Response to Nuclear Weapon Accidents and Nuclear Weapon Significant Incidents, January 1981 (i) TP 20-11, "General Firefighting Guidance," July 1995 (j) Naval Ships Technical Manual (NSTM) 079, Vol II, "Damage Control - Practical Damage Control," February 25, 1999 (k) BUMEDINST 6470.10A, "Irradiated or Radioactively Contaminated Personnel," December 7, 1998 (l) Federal Guidance Report No. 11, "Limiting Values of Radionuclide Intake and Air Concentration and Dose Conversion Factors for Inhalation, Submersion and Ingestion," EPA, 1988 (m) AR 40-14, "Control and Recording Procedures for Occupational Exposure to Ionizing Radiation," September 1984 (n) NAVMED P-5055, "Radiation Health Protection Manual," December 2, 1992 (o) AFI 48-125, "The U.S. Air Force Personnel Dosimetry Program" (p) AR 600-10, "The Army Casualty System," August 1987 (q) AFI 36-3002, "Casualty Services," August 1994 (r) BUPERS Manual Article 4210100, "Personnel Casualty Reporting," February 1982 (s) NCRP Report #37, June 1980 (t) Joint Pub 4-06. (u) DA Circular 40-82-3, "Prevention of Heat Injury" (v) Explosive Ordnance Disposal Procedures 60-1, August 1997 (w) "Internal Security Act of 1950" (50 USC 797) (x) DoD Directive 5210.41-M, "Nuclear Weapon Security Manual," April 1994

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REFERENCES

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(y) DoD Directive 5210.41, "Security Policy for Protecting Nuclear Weapons," September 23, 1988 (z) DoD Regulation 5200.1-R, "Information Security Regulation," January 1997 (aa) DoD Directive 5210.2, "Access to and Dissemination of Restricted Data," January 12, 1978 (ab) CJCSI 6110.01, "CJCS-Controlled Tactical Communications Assets," June 25,1996 (ac) Allied Communications Publication 134, "Communications Assets," January 1975 (ad) U.S. Forces Command Manual 105-1,"Joint Communication Deployment and Employment," June 1980 (ae) USA FM 24-2, "Spectrum Management," August 21, 1991 (af) AFI 33-118, "Radio Spectrum Frequency Management," August 1997 (ag) Joint Pub 3-61, "Doctrine for Public Affairs in Joint Operations," May 14, 1997 (ah) DoD Directive 5400.13, "Joint Public Affairs Operations," January 9, 1996 (ai) DoD Instruction 5400.14, "Procedures for Joint Public Affairs Operations," January 22, 1996 (aj) Nuclear Regulatory Guide 8.29, January 1984 (ak) DoD 4000.25-1-M, "Military Standards Requisitioning and Issue Procedure (MILSTRIP)," May 1987

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REFERENCES

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DL1. DEFINITIONS DL1.1.1. Access Procedures. See Explosive Ordnance Disposal Procedures. DL1.1.2. Accident Response Group (ARG). A group of technical and scientific experts, with specialized equipment; composed of a cadre of senior scientific advisors, weapons engineers and technicians, experts in nuclear safety and high-explosive safety, health physicists,