Oedipus Rex (The King)

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Oedipus Rex (The King). Sophocles 495 BC - 406 BC. 2 nd great Greek Tragedian Wrote 123 total plays, winning many prizes Actors, characters, chorus The perfect tragedy?. Consulting the Oracle. Delphi Prophecy’s Direct messages from the God’s (Apollo). The Oedipus Myth. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Oedipus Rex (The King)

Oedipus Rex (The King)

Oedipus Rex (The King)

Sophocles 495 BC - 406 BC2nd great Greek TragedianWrote 123 total plays, winning many prizesActors, characters, chorusThe perfect tragedy?

Aeschylus7 survived (fire)Added third actor, female characters, chorus 12 to 15 to 12Aristotle defined Oedipus as the perfect tragedy (Poetics)

2Consulting the OracleDelphiProphecysDirect messages from the Gods (Apollo)

The Oedipus MythOedipus is the son of Laius and Jocasta of ThebesA fathers prophecyWhat would you do?Fate Intervenes

2) he was doomed/To perish by the hand of his own sonLaius and Jocasta decide to rid themselves of the prophecy by giving their child away to a herdsmen4) Herdsman gives child to a shepherd

4The Oedipus MythSwollen FootOedipuss prophecyWhat would you do?

Baby Oedipus is given to King Polybus of Corinth, named Oedipus (swollen foot), and raised as his sonMate with [his] own mother, and shed/ With [his] own hands the blood of [his] own sire

5The Oedipus MythOedipus leaves CorinthThe Sphinx in ThebesLaius leaves Thebes to consult the Oracle

and heads to Thebes to avoid contact with his parents; in his mind preventing the prophecySphinx is guarding thebes and devouring those who cannot answer its riddle Meanwhile, Laius has left Thebes to try and solve the Sphinx riddle6The Oedipus MythThe place where three roads meetHamartia

Oedipus and Laius meet and argue over who has the right of wayPride on the line, Oedipus kills Laius and all but one of his attendantsLaius buried where he was killed and Oedipus continues onto Thebes to meet the Sphinx7Oedipus and the SphinxThe Sphinx is a mythical beast consisting of a womans head, wings, and a lions bodyGuarding Thebes

Treacherous and merciless

8Oedipus and the SphinxOedipus encounters the sphinx and is given the riddle:What goes on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs in the evening?

Oedipus and the SphinxMANLiminality (Threshold)Oedipus frees ThebesThe RewardOedipus: The Baby Daddy

The Sphinx throws itself from cliff (or devours itself )Transition from old religion (Sphinx) to acceptance of Olympian Gods2) Thebes crowns Oedipus king and presents him with their widowed queen, his mother, Jocasta3) Antigone, Ismene, Eteocles, and Polynices10