Oneg Mishpatim

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    WHY WAS YEHOSHUA CHOSEN?R Motti TurkelKollel Toras Chaim Headed by Rabbi Avi Wiesenfeld

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    OnegShabbosNorth West London's Weekly Torah and Opinion Sheets

    6th February 2016 "

    Moshe received the Torah from Sinai and gave it over to Yehoshua (Avos 1:1)

    In Parshas Shlach Lecha the Torah lists out the names of the meraglim who went to spy out on Eretz Yisroel, and the Ramban notes that the Torah lists them not in order of their tribes and not in order of their ages, but rather in order of their greatness. Yehoshua is listed out number five out of nine, meaning that there were four other meraglim greater than him. If so the question arises; why was Yehoshua the one chosen to lead Klal Yisroel after Mosheh Rabeinu, why not one of the other Meraglim who were listed as being greater than Yehoshua?

    Perhaps the answer to this question lies in this weeks Parshah; it says towards the

    end of the Parshah: (24:13) And Moshe got up and Yehoshua aided him, and Moshe ascended the mountain of Hashem.

    Rashi on this Posuk asks; what was Yehoshua doing here, when Moshe is about to go up Har Sinai to Hashem? Rashi explains, Yehoshua was a talmid following his Rebbe all the way to Har Sinai until they arrived at the bottom of the mountain where Yehoshua was no longer allowed to accompany Moshe Rabeinu further. At this point Moshe ascended the mountain to Hashem for forty days where he would learn the entire Torah and prepare himself to give it over to Klal Yisrael. Yehoshua then pitched his tent at the bottom of the mountain and waited there for forty days.

    The obvious question which the Mefarshim ask is; if Yehoshua knew that Moshe would be in shamayim for forty days, why did he decide to pitch his tent at the

    bottom of the mountain and wait there, why didnt he go back to the camp where his family were and then forty days later return to Har Sinai to greet Moshe and be mekabel the Torah?

    The Manchester Rosh Yeshiva, Harav Yehudah Zev Segal ztl explains that the nature of a person is when he

    has something very important to him or he wants something very desperately whether its an appointment with a big doctor, an important business meeting or even a flight to catch etc. He will do all types of effort possible, to make sure he will get it, and when the time comes near, he will make sure to be there extra early not taking any risks in order to be there on tim, he will do the maximum within his capability not to miss this vital moment.

    As far as Yehoshua was concerned, the Torah was his number one priority, it was so important to him and he wanted it so much, he was afraid that if he would return to the camp and his day to day routine and then go back to greet Moshe at the end of the 40 days, perhaps he would get held up or delayed. He could then possibly miss the first minute of his kabalas Hatorah, and it wasnt worth taking the risk. For this reason Yehoshua decided not to return to his family but rather pitch his tent at the bottom of the mountain, this way being guaranteed to be present for the entire kabalas Hatorah and not miss one second!

    It was because of this tremendous determination that Yehoshua possessed he was zoche to be chosen as the leader of Klal Yisroel.

    A. NAASEH B. NAASEH VENISHMAHOnly ONE of the following 7 statements is true, which is it:

    1. Both A and B come in both Parshas Yisro and Parshas Mishpotim2. Neither A and B come at all in Parshas Yisro and Mishpotim3. A only comes in Yisro B only comes in Mishpotim4. B only comes in Yisro A only comes in Mishpotim5. A and B come in Yisro A only comes in Mishpotim6. B only comes in Yisro A and B comes in Mishpotim7. A only comes in Yisro A and B comes in Mishpotim

    Riddle of the Week

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    1. What Seder in Mishnayos mostly comes from Parshas Mishpatim?

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    When we approach the study of mishpatim, the civil laws that govern our interpersonal and financial interactions, there are some interesting points to consider.

    Tosfos (Bechoros 48a) say that the laws of damages have the status of a milveh hakesuva batorah. This means that that they are considered a novel idea that one would not have been able to figure out had the Torah not revealed them. Tosfos explain that if someone steals your money its obvious that he needs to give it back. But when he breaks your window and you still have all the pieces, he hasnt actually taken anything tangible away. Although you dont have a functional window any more, he hasnt removed anything from your possession. The Torah comes along and teaches that one can and must redress the damage done through paying money. To our minds, this seems obvious and not much of a chiddush at all, so why does the Torah need to come along and reveal the fact that the perpetrator needs to pay?

    The Sefer Hachinuch explains that the Torah forbids us from taking revenge because anything that happens to us is ultimately by Divine decree. No human being has the capacity to harm us if we are not deserving of it in some way. If so, there is no reason to get upset at, or seek vengeance from anyone who has aggrieved us, since ultimately it was meant to happen to us, and the perpetrator is essentially a messenger to carry out Hashems decree. (Of course this does not mean that he was

    allowed to behave in such a way, and will have to take responsibility for his misdeeds.)

    Whenever we experience a loss and feel aggrieved, our natural reaction is to lash out at the one who harmed us. On a deeper level however we ought to spend time thinking why this may have happened to us, why would an all loving, all giving G-d have allowed this apparent injustice to take place? Of course everything that Hashem does is for the best and He has determined that we need to experience a loss (of whatever magnitude). This loss is actually good for us, in that it is a message from Hashem. If so, then we should actually be paying the perpetrator for the priveilege!!! The chiddush of the laws of nezikin is therefore that even though its the best thing for us, the perpetrator still has to pay for the damage.

    Hashem doesnt allow these things to happen to make us upset and bitter human beings, but rather to build us and make us more mature people. Financial loss, with all the hardship involved can be an impetus for soul searching and evaluating the relationship we have with the physical world.

    Yes we have certain financial rights, but they need to be pursued without vengeance and without spite. The emotions we feel should be channelled and focused on our own growth. The parsha of mishpatim is to deal with the perpetrator, but for the victim its like everything else; Hashem is talking to us all day. Hashem gives us assignments, Hashem is helping us grow, bringing us closer more, bringing us to a point that we are more and more like Him, the process involves some situations that are uncomfortable but they are helping us grow and for this we have to be grateful.

    News from the Churva shul and the Zilberman Yeshiva in the Old City of YerushalayimThe bachurim continue to press forward with new initiatives! A large number of them have signed up for a structured review schedule. Every day, Sunday through Thursday, they studies one page of the Tanach (Koren Edition) with commentaries that explain the plain meaning. Then they goes over that page four more times. One reviews the same page a week later, and again a month later! At the end of two years, beezras Hashem, they will have reviewed all the books of the Prophets and the Writings! Want to join in? - torahfromzion@gmail.com

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    2. When else during the year do we read from Parshas Mishpatim?

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    NTHE RETURN OF THE TALLISRabbi Sruli GuttentagWhitefield Community Kollel and Federation ShailaText

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    Picture yourself in shul wrapped in tallis and tefillin. Suddenly youre called out to deal with a matter of pressing urgency. Perhaps you are a Hatzolo member and have been called upon to deal with an emergency. Tefillin and tallis are removed swiftly and seconds later you find yourself out on the street. Later, you head back to shul to continue your davening. Tallis and tefillin are about to be put back on and then... you freezedo I make a