Onward Walnut Cove NC Main Street Revitalization Plan

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  • MAIN STREET REVITALIZATION PLAN

    ONWARDNORTHCAROLINA

  • Destination by Design Planning, LLC | 815 West King Street, Suite 2 | Boone, North Carolina 28607 | 828.386.1866 | www.DbDplanning.com

    PRODUCED FOR

    PRODUCED BY

    The Town of Walnut Cove

    MAIN STREET REVITALIZATION PLAN

    ONWARDNORTHCAROLINA

  • acknowledgments

    LYNN LEWISMAYOR

    ELWOOD MABEMAYOR PRO TEM

    SHARON CONAWAYCOMMISSIONER

    DANNY HAIRSTONCOMMISSIONER

    CHARLES MITCHELLCOMMISSIONER

  • /INTRODUCTIONMain Street: A Strategic Economic Development Priority

    table of contents

    /01 EXISTING CONDITIONS & ANALYSISOpportunities and Constraints: A Foundation for Practical Solutions

    /02 RECOMMENDATIONSInfrastructure Investments to Grow and Develop Small Business

    /03 IMPLEMENTATIONRealistic Strategies to Phase and Finance Improvements

  • OUR ROOTS RUN DEEP

  • LET'S DEVELOP A VISION FOR MAIN STREET

    This chapter provides a background and overview for the Walnut Cove Main Street Revitalization planning effort. Described are specific plan objectives and the planning process used by town leaders as well as the planning & design consultant team. This chapter concludes with an overview of the Main Street Revitalization Plan public workshop held on December 4, 2015.

    IN THIS CHAPTER Background and Purpose Plan Objectives Plan Process Public Engagement

    INTRODUCTION

    I

  • 2I N T R O D U C T I O N

    WALNUT COVE: A NORTH CAROLINA SMALL TOWN MAIN STREET COMMUNITYSince 2005, Walnut Cove has been recognized by the NC Department of Commerce as an NC Small Town Main Street Community. With this designation comes a responsibility to work toward an ever-improving Main Street. The Walnut Cove Main Street Committee has worked tirelessly to improve downtown aesthetics and conduct community events. This planning effort will further support of the work of this Committee.

    THE MAIN STREET FOUR POINT APPROACHThe NC Small Town Main Street Program recognizes the National Main Street Centers Four Point Approach, which includes Organization, Promotion, Design, and Economic Restructuring. Each of these elements is critical for ensuring that Main Street remains vibrant and suitable for small business growth and development. Although this plan addresses, to some extent, all elements of the Main Street Four Point Approach, this plans core focus is design and specifically Walnut Coves streetscape and public space.

    From August 2013 to May 2015, the Town of Walnut Cove worked alongside Stokes County and its other municipal jurisdictions to create a unified vision -- the Stokes 2035 Vision Plan. After a series of public visioning workshops and intensive focus groups throughout the planning process, there was clear consensus among local leaders and citizens that any economic development strategy must include the revitalization of Downtown Walnut Cove.

    After adopting the Stokes 2035 Vision Plan, the Walnut Cove Town Commissioners pursued and successfully secured grant funding from the NC Department of Commerce to develop the Main Street Revitalization Plan. This plan represents the first initiative as part of the Stokes 2035 Vision Plan to be implemented by a local governing body. This plan and its process is critical for developing consensus among downtown landowners and NCDOT, as well as to communicate to potential grant funding agencies that can help provide financial assistance to implement proposed streetscape and other downtown improvements.

    STOKESCOUNTYSTOKESSTOKES 203520352035COUNTYCOUNTYm o v i n g t o g e t h e r

    Public workshops during the Stokes 2035 vision plan revealed a need for an in-depth plan to revitalize Downtown Walnut Cove.

    stokes 2035 vision plan

    #1AESTHETICSImprove the

    aesthetic appearance and

    economic welfare of the downtown.

    #2PRESERVATION

    Encourage the rehabilitation of existing historic

    structures.

    #3SAFETY

    Address existing safety concerns associated with

    deteriorated buildings.

    #4COMPATIBILITY

    Ensure the compatibility of

    development and redevelopment.

    #5FINANCING

    Provide recommendations

    for financing public improvements.

    #6INVESTMENT

    Identify strategic public-private partnerships

    opportunities.

    PLAN OBJECTIVES

    Although this plan addresses to some extent all elements of the Main Street Four Point Approach, this plan's core focus is design and

    specifically Walnut Coves streetscape and public space.

    THE NORTH

    CARO

    LINA MAIN STREET PROGRAM

    FOUR POINT APPROA

    CH

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

  • 3I N T R O D U C T I O N

    PLANNING PROCESS

    Finalize the study areaboundary

    Develop plan informationmaterials: Project Brandand Fact Sheet

    Town Commissionpresentation and requestto proceed

    Existing Conditions DataCollection

    Property and StructuralEvaluation

    Framework Plan

    NCDOT, USDA meeting

    Streetscape Plan

    Faade Plan

    Landowner Outreach

    Final Plan Preparation

    Financing and GrantDocumentation

    Final Plan Presentation

    MARCH-AUGUST, 2015 AUGUST-SEPTEMBER, 2015 SEPTEMBER - DECEMBER, 2015 DECEMBER-FEBRUARY, 2015-16

    DIREC

    TION S

    ETTING

    analy

    sis &

    fram

    ewor

    k pla

    n

    plan

    deve

    lopm

    ent

    final

    plan

    deve

    lopm

    ent

    MAIN STREET REVITALIZATION PLAN

    ONWARDNORTHCAROLINA

    Landowner & PublicWorkshop

    Plan revisions based uponpublic input

    DECEMBER, 2015

    publ

    ic en

    gage

    ment

  • LET'S CONSIDER WALNUT COVE'S OPPORTUNITIES AND CONSTRAINTS TO HELP ESTABLISH CLEAR AND PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS FOR IMPROVING ITS INFRASTRUCTURE.

    This chapter provides a snapshot of Walnut Coves existing conditions and their implications for future development and redevelopment. Here we explore the towns regional context, land use patterns, zoning, and sidewalk network. Walnut Coves Main Street has both opportunities and constraints that when considered, provide a foundation for establishing clear and practical solutions for improving its infrastructure.

    IN THIS CHAPTER A brief overview of Downtown Walnut Cove Opportunities and Challenges Existing Conditions Photograph Series Analysis Map Series

    existing conditions & analysis

    1

  • 6C H A P T E R O N E

    THE BIG VISION: CREATE A WELCOMING DOWNTOWN ENVIRONMENT THAT WILL ATTRACT LOCALS AND VISITORS MORNING, DAY, AND NIGHT.

    OPPORTUNITIES Walnut Cove has a traditional street grid layout and historical buildings worthy of revitalization. A significant number of buildings and tracts are vacant or undeveloped leaving opportunities for new

    construction and infill development.

    More than 11,000 cars travel Main Street each day. With a major public infrastructure investment, new businesses will be attracted to Walnut Cove.

    CHALLENGES A significant amount of

    traffic travels through Walnut Cove, but a small percentage of these travelers stop to visit Main Street.

    Several historic structures need major repair. Major streetscape improvements will require a significant

    financial investment from the town.

    OUR ROOTS RUN DEEPTHE BIG PICTURE

    vacancies & repairs

    Several buildings are in need of repair or lay vacant.

    One current opportunity for Walnut Cove is its existing network of

    neighborhood blocks that, with the addition of sidewalks, would create

    a walkable community.

    11,000 CARS / DAYcars & NEIGHBORHOOD BLOCKS

    Search Walnut Cove North Carolina in the 1940s on YouTube.

    Stills from the video Walnut Cove North Carolina in the 1940s.

    SEE WALNUT COVE OF THE 40S

  • E X I S T I N G C O N D I T I O N S & A N A L Y S I S

    7

    EXISTING CONDITIONS

    1

    4

    6

    5

    2 3

    PHOTOS:(1) Parking to the sides or rear of buildings, rather than the front, makes for a more comfortable pedestrian experience.

    (2) The Old Theater is a significant cultural asset and worthy of renovation.

    (3) Downtown Main Street has a wide right-of-way, providing an opportunity for an enhanced streetscape.

    (4) Fowler Park and the library serve as community spaces; Fowler Park could be improved to provide for more community programs.

    (5) Antique stores along Main St. help to build upon the downtowns character and attract visitors to Walnut Cove.

    (6) Some buildings on Main St. are unfortunately beyond repair.

  • 8C H A P T E R O N EC H A P T E R O N E

    8

    89

    311

    311

    65

    LAKE SIDE

    SPRINGDALE

    OAK

    OLDTO

    WN

    COUNTRY M

    EADOWS

    CLUBSU

    MMIT

    FLINCHU

    M FARM

    OLD TOW

    N

    RIDGE

    SUMMIT

    MAIN ST.

    WINDMILL

    BROAD

    REGENCY APTS

    SMITH

    HERITAGE

    FOWLER

    WELLINGTON

    REGENCY

    MILLBROOK

    MITCHELL

    HAIRSTON

    SCHOOLG

    REENWA

    Y OPPORTUNIT

    Y

    WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT

    PROPOSED TRUCK ROUTE

    SEVENTH

    NINTH

    SIXTH

    FIFTH

    EIGHT

    HIGH

    FOURTH

    THIRD

    SECOND

    DEPOT

    BROOK COVE

    WWTP

    WELL

    HOUSE

    TOWN FORK CREEK

    MILLS CRE

    EK

    10MINUTEWALK

    5MINUTEWALK

    LEGE

    ND

    GREENWAY OPPORTUNITY

    EXISTING SIDEWALK CONNECTOR

    PROPOSED TRUCK ROUTE

    COMMERCIAL NODE

    MEADOW BROOK FIELD

    SCHOOL

    POST OFFICE

    TOWN HALL

    FOWLER PARK

    LIBRARY

    FIRE STATION

    POINTS OF INTEREST

    TRANSPORTATION

    NORT

    H

    SCAL

    E

    0 125 250 500 FEET

    20MINUTE DRIVE

    TOHANGING ROCKSTATE PARK

    30MINUTE DRIVE

    TOWINSTON -SALEM

    Walnut Cove is situated within a unique geographic context. Lets consider the following:

    The town is well-positioned between a major city (Winston-Salem) and North Carolinas most visited state park (Hanging Rock).

    More than 11,000 cars each day can utilize Highway 311/89 through the heart of downtown.

    Oldtown Road could potentially serve as a route for large trucks so they might avoid downtown.

    Creeks, streams, and their floodplains surround Walnut Coves downtown, creating an ideal opportunity for establishing a network of multi-use trails and greenways.

    context

    HANGING ROCK STATE PARK

    WINSTON SALEM

  • E X I S T I N G C O N D I T I O N S & A N A L Y S I S

    9

    MAIN

    HIGH

    SUMMITFO

    UR

    TH

    SIX

    TH

    THIR

    D

    WINDMILL

    MITCHELL

    SE

    CO

    ND

    FIFT

    H

    RID

    GE

    DEPOT

    VALLEY

    FIRST/OLDTOWN

    BROAD

    HAIRSTON

    BRO

    OK C

    OVE

    SIXTH

    FIRS

    T/OLD

    TOW

    N

    NC OneMap, NC Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, NC 911 Board

    DEPOT

    BROOK COVE

    MITCHELL

    WINDMILLPROJECT STUDY AREA

    SUMMIT

    HIGH

    RIDGE

    HAIRSTON

    BROAD

    5TH 6TH4TH3RD2ND1ST

    MAIN ST. MAIN ST.

    ALLEYS

    JUST PLAIN COUNTRY

    TUTTLE HARDWARE

    ROLLERMILLS

    SAMSPIZZA

    TOWN F

    ORK C

    REEK

    MILLS CREEK

    LEGE

    ND

    NORT

    H

    SCAL

    E

    COMMERCIAL - RETAIL

    COMMERCIAL - SERVICE

    GOVERNMENT & INSTITUTIONAL

    LIGHT INDUSTRY

    MULTI FAMILY

    SINGLE FAMILY

    UNDEVELOPED

    VACANT

    POST OFFICE

    TOWN HALL

    FOWLER PARK

    LIBRARY

    FIRE STATION

    ASSETS LAND USE

    0 125 250 500 FEET

    MAIN

    HIGH

    SUMMIT

    FOU

    RTH

    SIX

    TH

    THIR

    D

    WINDMILL

    MITCHELL

    SE

    CO

    ND

    FIFT

    H

    RID

    GE

    DEPOT

    VALLEY

    FIRST/OLDTOWN

    BROAD

    HAIRSTON

    K CO

    VE

    SIXTH

    FIRS

    T/OLD

    TOW

    NNC OneMap, NC Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, NC 911 Board

    DEPOT

    BROOK COVE

    MITCHELL

    WINDMILLPROJECT STUDY AREA

    SUMMIT

    HIGHRIDGE

    HAIRSTON

    BROAD

    5TH 6TH4TH3RD2ND1ST

    MAIN ST. MAIN ST.

    ALLEYS

    JUST PLAIN COUNTRY

    TUTTLE HARDWARE

    ROLLERMILLS

    SAMSPIZZA

    TOWN F

    ORK C

    REEK

    MILLS CREEK

    LEGE

    ND

    NORT

    H

    SCAL

    E

    MIXED-USE

    CIVIC

    OPEN SPACE

    POST OFFICE

    TOWN HALL

    FOWLER PARK

    LIBRARY

    FIRE STATION

    ASSETS ZONING

    0 125 250 500 FEET

    Walnut Cove is a classic small town Main Street community. Lets consider the following:

    The town has three government/ institutional areas including, the post office, town hall, and the northwest block that includes the library, Fowler Park, and the fire station.

    Main Street provides for a mix of commercial retail and service businesses. There are three single-family homes and one multi-family complex within the

    study area; there are no active residences above retail downtown.

    There are several vacant properties that provide an opportunity for in-fill development.

    Walnut Coves ordinance provides for mixed-use zoning in its downtown. However, the town must ensure the following are required within this zoning district:

    75% of Main Street frontage should be occupied by a building Parking areas should be placed on side or rear and must be appropriately

    screened

    Building fronts should contain approximately 60% windows on Main Street. Entrances must face Main Street.

    *Recommended zoning changes are outlined in Chapter 3

    land use existing zoning

  • 10

    C H A P T E R O N E

    MAIN

    HIGH

    SUMMIT

    FOU

    RTH

    SIX

    TH

    THIR

    D

    WINDMILL

    MITCHELL

    SE

    CO

    ND

    FIFT

    H

    RID

    GE

    DEPOT

    VALLEY

    FIRST/OLDTOWN

    BROAD

    HAIRSTON

    SIXTH

    FIRS

    T/OLD

    TOW

    N

    NC OneMap, NC Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, NC 911 Board

    DEPOT

    K COVE

    MITCHELL

    WINDMILLPROJECT STUDY AREA

    SUMMIT

    HIGH

    RIDGE

    HAIRSTON

    BROAD

    5TH 6TH4TH3RD2ND1ST

    MAIN ST. MAIN ST.

    TUTTLE HARDWARE

    ROLLERMILLS

    SAMSPIZZA

    ALLEYS

    JUST PLAIN COUNTRY

    TOWN F

    ORK C

    REEK

    MILLS CREEK

    LEGE

    ND

    NORT

    H

    SCAL

    E

    POST OFFICE

    TOWN HALL

    FOWLER PARK

    LIBRARY

    FIRE STATION

    UNDEVELOPED(no buildings)

    VACANT(closed buildings)

    ASSETS OPPORTUNITIES FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION

    0 125 250 500 FEET

    opportunities for new constructionAlthough Walnut Cove is anchored with a historic downtown infrastructure, there exists opportunities for new in-fill mixed-use development. Lets consider the following:

    The town has control of two significant properties, including the old hotel site at 2nd and Main and a vacant lot adjacent to the old dentist building at 5th and Main. This plan provides specific recommendations for the old hotel property.

    The downtowns main intersection, located at 3rd and Main, has two undeveloped corners. These properties currently provide for parking and outdoor storage, but the town should welcome new and appropriate development at these locations.

    An opportunity exists along Windmill Street between 4th and 5th streets. One parcel is fully vacant, while the tract along 5th is underutilized. These locations would serve as prime locations for dense multi-family housing.

    INTERSECTION OF 3RD & MAIN ST

    INTERSECTION NEAR 2ND & MAIN ST

  • 11

    E X I S T I N G C O N D I T I O N S & A N A L Y S I S

    MAIN

    HIGH

    SUMMIT

    FOU

    RTH

    SIX

    TH

    THIR

    D

    WINDMILL

    MITCHELL

    SE

    CO

    ND

    FIFT

    H

    RID

    GE

    DEPOT

    VALLEY

    FIRST/OLDTOWN

    BROAD

    HAIRSTON

    BRO

    OK C

    OVE

    SIXTH

    FIRS

    T/OLD

    TOW

    N

    NC OneMap, NC Center for Geographic Information and Analysis, NC 911 Board

    DEPOT

    BROOK COVE

    MITCHELL

    WINDMILLPROJECT STUDY AREA

    SUMMIT

    HIGH

    RIDGE

    HAIRSTON

    BROAD

    5TH 6TH4TH3RD2ND1ST

    MAIN ST. MAIN ST.

    ALLEYS

    JUST PLAIN COUNTRY

    TUTTLE HARDWARE

    ROLLERMILLS

    SAMSPIZZA

    TOWN F

    ORK C

    REEK

    MILLS CREEK

    1

    2

    LEGE

    ND

    NORT

    H

    SCAL

    E

    GATEWAY

    100% INTERSECTION

    EXISTING SIDEWALKS

    OLD HOTEL

    FOWLER PARK

    POST OFFICE

    TOWN HALL

    FOWLER PARK

    LIBRARY

    FIRE STATION

    ASSETS EXISTING STREETSCAPE INFRASTRUCTURE

    SITE STUDY AREAS

    120 125 250 500 FEET

    framework planWith strategic public infrastructure investments and strong leadership, Walnut Cove can generate small business growth on Main Street. Lets consider the following:

    1. ATTRACTIVE GATEWAYS

    The south and north gateways into downtown provide opportunities to slow traffic, welcome locals and visitors, and begin telling the story of Walnut Cove.

    2. ENHANCE FOWLER PARK

    An enhanced Fowler Park, which is located at the downtowns north gateway, can provide unique programming opportunities that can regularly attract downtown visitors.

    3. IMPROVE WALKABILITY

    The downtown sidewalk system currently has some gaps, which are the result of extensive parking lot and driveway cuts. Design improvements within these areas should signal motorists of the likelihood of pedest...

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