Origami Holiday Decorations - ::ARTESANATO Origami Holiday Decorations shows you how to brighten Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa with paper ornaments. Origami is the craft of

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  • ORIGAMIHOLIDAY

    DECORATIONS

    forCHRISTMASHANUKKAHandKWANZAA

    FlorenceTemko

    IllustrationsbyBarbaraPoeterBasedonoriginaldiagramsbyFlorenceTemko

    PhotosbyDaveKutchukian

    TUTTLEPUBLISHINGBostonRutland,VermontTokyo

  • First published in the United States in 2003 by Turtle Publishing, an imprint of Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd., with editorial offices at 364InnovationDrive,NorthClarendon,VT05759U.S.A.

    Copyright2003FlorenceTemko

    Allrightsreserved.Nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopying,recording,orbyanyinformationstorageandretrievalsystem,withoutpriorwrittenpermissionfromTurtlePublishing.

    LibraryofCongressCataloging-in-PublicationData

    Temko,Florence.OrigamiholidaydecorationsforChristmas,Hanukkah,andKwanzaa/FlorenceTemko.1sted.p.cmISBN:978-1-4629-0747-2(ebook)1.Origami.2.Holidaydecorations.I.Title.

    TT870.T44562003736'.982dc21

    20022075060

    Distributedby

    NorthAmerica,LatinAmerica,andEuropeTuttlePublishingDistributionCenterAirportIndustrialPark364InnovationDriveNorthClarendon,VT05759-9436Tel:(802)773-8930Fax:(802)773-6993Email:info@tuttlepublishing.com

    JapanTuttlePublishingYaekariBuilding,3F5-4-12Osaki,Shinagawa-kuTokyo141-0032Tel:81-35-437-0171Fax:81-35-437-0755Email:tuttle-sales@gol.com

    AsiaPacificBerkeleyBooksPte.Ltd.61TaiSengAvenue,#02-12Singapore534167Tel:(65)6280-3320Fax:(65)6280-6290Email:inquiries@periplus.com.sg

    Firstedition080706050498765432

    DesignbyBarbaraPoeter,Bomoseen,VermontPrintedinSingapore

  • CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION5

    ABOUTORIGAMITECHNIQUES5

    FourImportantSymbols 5

    ThreeProcedures 7

    HowtoCutPaperSquares 8

    HelpfulTips 9

    AboutPaper 9

    ABOUTCHRISTMAS,HANUKKAH,ANDKWANZAA10

    FAQ(FrequentlyAskedQuestions) 12

    PROJECTS

    Icicle 16

    SnowflakeCard 17

    Santa'sHatDecoration 18

    ZawadiGift(MessageRack) 20

    HolidayCalendar 22

    HangingOrnament 24

    Dreidel 26

  • TheThreeKings 28

    ChristmasTree 29

    FestiveNapkin 30

    HolidayWreath 32

    MoneyFlower 34

    PictureFrame 36

    TorahScroll 38

    ChristmasStockings 40

    GiftEnvelope 42

    Candle 43

    KinaraCandleHolder 44

    Six-PointedStar 46

    Turkey 48

    DoveCandyDish 50

    SantaClaus 52

    KwanzaaBowl 54

  • StarofBethlehem 56

    Reindeer 60

    Acknowledgments 63

  • IntroductionOrigami Holiday Decorations shows you how to brighten Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa withpaperornaments.Origami is thecraftof foldingapieceofpaper intoa recognizableobjectusingonlyyourhands.Manypeoplearefascinatedwithorigamiandfindittobearelaxing,yetchallenginghobby

    DecoratingChristmastreeswithorigamihasbecomeatraditioninmanyhomes,libraries,andmuseums.OrigamiornamentshavealsofoundtheirwayintoHanukkahcelebrations,butthisisthefirsttimethatabookincludessuchideasforKwanzaa.Someoftheprojectsrelatetoaspecificholiday,butmostofthemmakewonderfuldecorationsforanyofthethreeholidays.

    InOrigamiHolidayDecorationsyouwillfindalotofpracticalinformation,including:

    Step-by-stepinstructionsHowtomakeuniqueornamentsanddecorationsHowtocreatenewdesignsHowtousedifferentpapersHowtoteachorigamitoothersHowtouseorigamiasaneducationaltoolHoworigamifitsintotheworldofcomputersandtechnology

    Ihopeyouwillfindthatit'sgreatfuntomakeholidayornamentsthatcanproduce"oohs"and"aahs"yearafteryear.

  • AboutOrigamiTechniquesTohelpyoumakesenseofthelinesandarrowsonthedrawings,youshouldstudytheexplanationsofafew basic techniques. It will be well worth a fewminutes to learn to recognize the "Four ImportantSymbols"and"ThreeProcedures,"whichareinternationalstandardsfororigami.

    Anyactiontobetakenateachstepisshowninredonthediagrams.

    FOURIMPORTANTSYMBOLSLearntorecognizethesefoursimpleclues,whichareoftenoverlookedbybeginners.

    1.ValleyFold

    Foldthesquareinhalfbybringingoneedgeofthepapertowardyouandmatchingittotheoppositeedge.

    Avalleyfoldisalwaysshownbyalineofdashes.Youhavemadeavalleyfold.

    Withthisonesimplefold,youhavemadeagreetingcard.

    2.MountainFold

  • Foldthesquareinhalfbyguidingoneedgeofthepapertothebackandmatchingittotheoppositeedge.Amountainfoldisshownbyadash-dot-dashlineandanarrow.

    "Youhavemadeamountainfold.

    Withthisonesimplefoldyouhavemadeatent.

    3.Arrows

    Makeavalleyfold.

    DoublearrowFoldandunfold.

    Makeamountainfold.

    CurlyarrowTurnthepaperover.

  • 4.ExistingCrease

    Anexistingcrease,madepreviously,isshownbyathinlinethatdoesnottouchtheedges.

    Existingcrease

    THREEPROCEDURESIn these threeprocedures,whichoccur frequently inpaperfolding, severalstepsarecombined intoonestandardprocess.

    1.InsideReverseFold

    Oneofthemostcommonproceduresiscalledaninsidereversefold.

    1.Foldasmallsquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Placethepaperexactlyasshown.Foldthetopcornerovertotheright,sothatitpeeksovertheopenedge.

  • 3a.Letthepaperopenupandpushthecornerinbetweenthetwolayersofpaper,onthecreasesyoumadeinStep2.

    3b.Closeupthepaper.

    4.Completedinsidereversefold

    Theinstructionsformakinganinsidereversefoldareindicatedwithadash-dot-dashline,thesameasforamountainfold,butthetextstatesthatyoumustmakeaninsidereversefold.

    Youmaywonderwhy thisprocedure is called a reverse fold: InStep2youwill see that thedoubledpaperismadeupofamountainfoldonthefrontlayerandavalleyfoldonthebacklayer.AfteryouhavepushedthecornerinbetweenthetwolayersofpaperinStep3,youhave"reversed"thevalleyfoldintoamountainfold.

    2.OutsideReverseFold

    Withanoutsidereversefold,thepaperiswrappedaroundtheoutsideofacorner.

    1.Foldasmallsquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Placethepaperexactlyasshown.Valleyfoldthetopcornerovertotheleft,sothatitpeeksoverthefoldededge.

  • 3a.UnfoldStep2.

    3b.LetthepaperopenupandvalleyfoldonthecreasesmadeinStep2.

    4.Completedoutsidereversefold

    Outside reverse folds are often used for heads, feet, and hats. The instructions formaking an outsidereverse foldare indicatedwithadashed line, thesameas foravalleyfold,but the textstates thatyoumustmakeanoutsidereversefold.

    3.Rabbit'sEar

    Arabbit'searisalwaysformedonatriangle,wheneveritoccursduringthefoldingofamodel.

    1.Foldasquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Younowhaveatriangle.Foldoneoftheshortercutedgestothelongfoldededge.Unfoldit.

  • 3.Foldtheothershortcutedgetothelongfoldededge.Unfoldit.

    4.PinchthecornerbetweenyourthumbandforefingersothatitformsavalleyfoldthatendswherethetwocreasesmadeinStep2andStep3meet.Thecornerwillstanduplikearabbit'sear.

    5.CompletedRabbit'sEar

    HOWTOCUTPAPERSQUARESManyoftheprojectsinthisbookbeginwithasquarepieceofpaper.Allitssidesareofequallengthandallcornersareright(90-degree)angles.Papercanbesquaredonaboardpapercutter,ifavailable,butit'squiteeasytocutanyrectangularsheetintoasquare:

    1.Foldashortedgetoalongedge.

  • 2.Cutofftheextrarectangle.

    3.Asquare

    Sheetsof81/2"x11"copyandotherprintingpaperscanbecutintotwosizes:

    Withonecut:intosquareswith81/2sides.

    Withtwocuts:intotwosquareswith51/2"sides.

    Copyshopswillusuallycutawholereamforasmallfee.Areamwillprovidefivehundred81/2"squaresoronethousand51/2"squares.

    HELPFULTIPSIfyouarehavingtroublewithastepcheckthefollowing:

    1.Makesureyoudistinguishcarefullybetweenavalley fold (dashed line)andamountain fold(dash-dot-dashline).2.Besuretoobservethecurlyarrowaskingyoutoturnthepaperover.3.Compareyourpapertotheillustrationsfor:

    ThestepyouareworkingonThepreviousstepThenextstep,whichisyourgoal

    4.Readthedirectionsoutloud.

    Drawings

    Forthesakeofclarity,theillustrationsmayincreaseinsizefromthebeginningoftheprojecttotheend.Buttheanglesarealwaysconsistent,andyoucantestyourownpaperagainstthem.

  • Measurements

    Measurementsaregivenininchesandcentimeters,buttheconversionmaynotalwaysbeexactinordertoavoidawkwardfractions.Insomecasesspecificsizesarerecommended,butinmostcasesyoumayusesmallerorlargerpiecesofpaper.

    ABOUTPAPERMostfairlythin,uncoatedpaperswithacrispsurfacearesuitablefororigami.Checkout"origami"ontheInternet for suppliers of specialty papers. Once you know how to fold an origami, you may want toreproduceitwithapaperinamoreappropriatecolorordesign,whichcanmakeabigdifferencetotheendresult.

    Thefollowingisanoverviewofthepapersmostpopularwithexperiencedpaperfolders.

    OrigamiPaper

    Ready-cutsquaresinvaryingsizesandcolorsareavailableinsomeart,museum,andgiftstoresandfromcatalogs.Theyareusuallycoloredononesideandwhiteon theother. I recommend6" (15cm)as themostversatileall-purposesize.Fromthereyoucangoontosmallerandlargersquaresasappropriateforaparticulardesign.

    ComputerandBondPaper;PrintingPaperinBrightColors

    Thesetypesofpaperareavailableinalargeassortmentofcolorsatcopyshops,officesupplystores,andschoolsuppliers.Theyaresoldinsize8"by11"inpackagesof500sheets(aream),andareavailablein twoweights, describedon the packages as 24 lbs and20 lbs.The lighterweight paper foldsmoreeasily.Printingpapersarethemosteconomicalchoiceforschools,youthgroups,andotherlargegroups.

    GiftWrapPaper

    It isquitedifficult tocutpaperon rolls intosquares,butwellworthwhile for special results.Foilgiftwrapturnsanyorigamiinstantlyintoafestiveornament.

    HandmadePaper

    Thistypeofpaperissofter,butgivesrich-lookingresults.Japanesewashipaperingloriouspatternsisavailableinsheetsorpackagesofsquares.

    PaperColoredonBothSides

    Someprojects lookbetterwhenmadefrompaper that iscoloredonbothsides,suchasprintingpaper.Duo-colored origami squares, sold in packets, have different colors on the front and the back.Youcanmakeyourownfancyduopapersbygluingsheetsofgiftwraporotherpapersbacktobackwithsprayglueorgluesticks.

    RecycledPaper

  • Out-of-date flyers, colorful magazine pages, and other discarded papers can be cut into squares andfoldedintoorigamimodels.

  • ABOUTCHRISTMAS,HANUKKAH,ANDKWANZAACHRISTMASChristmas was first celebrated in Europe in the fourth century on the 25th day of December tocommemorate thebirthof theChristchild.Since then,manysymbolshavebecomeassociatedwith thefestivity.

    Decorating evergreen trees with ornaments became an enduring tradition, representing long life andimmortality.InthesixteenthcenturyGermanpeoplecommonlydecoratedfirtreeswithflowers,fruit,andevenpiecesofpaper.Candleswereaddedlaterontoemulatethetwinklingofstars.

    The name of Santa Claus, the gift giver, is the abbreviation of St. Nicholas, a Turkish bishop whoperformedmany lovingactsofkindness in the fourthcenturyandbecameknownas thepatron saintofchildren.HisfamespreadthroughoutEurope.IntheUnitedStateshewaspopularizedbythepoem"'Twasthe Night Before Christmas" written by Clement Moore in 1863 and illustrated with the now often-reproducedimagesbyartistThomasNast.AccordingtolegendSantaClauslivesattheNorthPoleandonChristmasEvetravelsonhissleddrawnbyreindeertodelivergiftsforboysandgirls.

    HANUKKAHTheJewishFestivalofLights,calledHanukkah, iscelebratedby lightingcandles foreightconsecutiveeveningsatsunset.TheceremonycommemoratesamiraclethathappenedafterJewswonabattleintheyear165B.C.

    As recorded in the Book ofMaccabees, two thousand years ago a Syrian king, Antiochus, governedIsrael.HewantedtoforcetheJewstogiveuptheirbeliefinoneGodandtakeontheGreekreligion.TheJewsstruggledtokeeptheirowntraditions.WhentheirsacredtempleinJerusalemwasoverrunbytheSyrianarmy,theMaccabeebrothersfledandformedafightingband,whichdefeatedtheSyriansoldiersafterthreeyears.

    OntheirreturntoJerusalemtheMaccabeeswantedtorededicatetheirtemplebylightingthesacredoillamp.Accordingtolegendtheycouldonlyfindatinybitofsacredoil,expectedtolastforasingleday.Muchtotheirsurprisethelightcontinuedtoburnforeightdays.InmemoryofthismiracleJewishfamiliescelebrateHanukkaheveryyear.

    KWANZAAInthe1960sAfricanAmericanpeoplebegancelebratingaseven-dayholidayduringDecembertohonortheirAfricanheritage.Theynamed it "Kwanzaa,"aSwahiliwordmeaning"first fruitsof theharvest."

  • Kwanzaa is now widely observed in the United States in homes, schools, churches, museums, andlibraries.BecauseKwanzaa isanethnic festival, it canbecelebratedside-by-sidewithChristmasandotherreligiousholidays.

    Each night ofKwanzaa black, red, and green candles are lighted in a seven-armed candleholder. Thecandles represent Nguzo Saba, the seven principles of day-to-day living, which underlie Kwanzaa.BeginningonDecember25adifferentprinciple ishonoredeachnight:Unity (umoja inSwahili); self-determination (kujichagulia); collective work and responsibility (ujima); cooperative economics(ujamaa);purpose(nia);creativity(kuumba);andfaith(imani).

    ColorfullocalfestivalsheldduringtheweekofKwanzaacommemorateAfricancultureandcooking,withthestressonactiveparticipationincraftworkshopsandfrequentdiscussionsofthemeaningofKwanzaa.

  • FAQ(FrequentlyAskedQuestions)Whatisthehistoryofpaperfolding?

    "Origami"isaJapanesewordconsistingofori,meaningtofold,andgarni,meaningpaper.Thewordhasslipped into theEnglish language because paperfolding has spread from Japan,where it is part of theculture.ItisknownthatsincethetwelfthcenturypaperhasbeenfoldedinJapanforceremonialpurposesandthatinthesixteenthcenturypaperwasfoldedfordecorativeuseandentertainment.

    RecordsshowthatpaperwasfoldedinEuropeinthefourteenthcentury.Inthesixteenthandseventeenthcenturiesitwascommonpracticetofoldsquarebaptismalcertificatesinsetpatterns.

    ThekindofrecreationalorigaminowpopularinAsiaandWesterncountriesbeganinthelatenineteenthcentury,but received itsgreatest impetus in the latterhalfof the twentiethcentury.AkiraYoshizawa inJapan,LillianOppenheimerintheUnitedStates,andRobertHarbininEnglandwereprominentforcesinbringingorigamitotheattentionofthegeneralpublic.

    Isorigamiartorcraft?

    Origamiisdefinitelyacraft,withanunderlyingtechnique,butsomemodelsarewellrecognizedasworksofart.Theyhavebeendisplayedinmajorartmuseumsandsoldinartgalleries.

    Themostprolificcreatorsseemtohaveamathematical,ascientific,oranartistic inclinationofwhichtheymaynotevenbeaware.RobertLangandAkiraYoshizawaaretwooftheforemostartists.

    Dr.RobertLang,anAmericanscientist,designedanowfamouscuckooclock,whichrequiresabout260intricatefolds.Heisintriguedbythechallengeofdevisinginsectsthatduplicatetheirnaturaldetails.HehasdevisedtheTreemakersoftware,whichbasesfoldingpatternsonproportionsofthelocationandsizeofpointsonthesurfaceofthepaper.

    AkiraYoshizawa of Japan is considered themaster of artistic origami,which aremuch admired.Hisanimalsseemtocomealiveandbepoisedreadytorunorjump.

    Whyfoldpaper?

    Manypeoplefindpleasureinthefoldingprocessitselfwhenfollowingthediagrams,whileotherscan'twait to achieve the result. Still others enjoy the challenge of inventing entirely newdesigns and somepaperfoldersliketoteachorigamitofriends,orinschoolsandlibraries.

    Isorigamicreative?

    Paperfoldersconstantlycreatenewmodels.Onceyouknowsomeofthebasics,youmaybegintocreateyour own simple toys, home decorations, or complex sculptures. They may be variations on existingmodelsorentirelynew.Somemayappearinjustminutes,likeadoodle,whileothersmaybesocomplexthattheytakemonthstodesignandhourstoreproduce.

  • Whataresomepracticalusesfororigami?

    EntertainingfriendsandstrangersMakingornamentsanddecorationsAidingcurriculumrequirementsinmath,art,andsocialscienceclassesFund-raising

    Howlongdoesittaketolearnorigami?

    Youcanlearntomakeasimplemodelinjustafewminutes,whileacomplexonemaybeachallengeformany hours. Themodels in this book vary from simple to intermediate. Themore you fold paper, theeasieritbecomes,inaremarkablyshortperiodoftime.

    Atwhatagecanchildrenlearnorigami?

    Ihave taught three-year-oldsonaone-on-onebasis,butgenerally thenecessarycoordinationbegins todevelopatsevenyearsofage.

    HowcanIteachothers?

    It'sonethingtoteachon...

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