Origami Holiday Decorations - ::ARTESANATO Origami Holiday Decorations shows you how to brighten Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa with paper ornaments. Origami is the craft of

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  • ORIGAMIHOLIDAY

    DECORATIONS

    forCHRISTMASHANUKKAHandKWANZAA

    FlorenceTemko

    IllustrationsbyBarbaraPoeterBasedonoriginaldiagramsbyFlorenceTemko

    PhotosbyDaveKutchukian

    TUTTLEPUBLISHINGBostonRutland,VermontTokyo

  • First published in the United States in 2003 by Turtle Publishing, an imprint of Periplus Editions (HK) Ltd., with editorial offices at 364InnovationDrive,NorthClarendon,VT05759U.S.A.

    Copyright2003FlorenceTemko

    Allrightsreserved.Nopartofthispublicationmaybereproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronicormechanical,includingphotocopying,recording,orbyanyinformationstorageandretrievalsystem,withoutpriorwrittenpermissionfromTurtlePublishing.

    LibraryofCongressCataloging-in-PublicationData

    Temko,Florence.OrigamiholidaydecorationsforChristmas,Hanukkah,andKwanzaa/FlorenceTemko.1sted.p.cmISBN:978-1-4629-0747-2(ebook)1.Origami.2.Holidaydecorations.I.Title.

    TT870.T44562003736'.982dc21

    20022075060

    Distributedby

    NorthAmerica,LatinAmerica,andEuropeTuttlePublishingDistributionCenterAirportIndustrialPark364InnovationDriveNorthClarendon,VT05759-9436Tel:(802)773-8930Fax:(802)773-6993Email:info@tuttlepublishing.com

    JapanTuttlePublishingYaekariBuilding,3F5-4-12Osaki,Shinagawa-kuTokyo141-0032Tel:81-35-437-0171Fax:81-35-437-0755Email:tuttle-sales@gol.com

    AsiaPacificBerkeleyBooksPte.Ltd.61TaiSengAvenue,#02-12Singapore534167Tel:(65)6280-3320Fax:(65)6280-6290Email:inquiries@periplus.com.sg

    Firstedition080706050498765432

    DesignbyBarbaraPoeter,Bomoseen,VermontPrintedinSingapore

  • CONTENTS

    INTRODUCTION5

    ABOUTORIGAMITECHNIQUES5

    FourImportantSymbols 5

    ThreeProcedures 7

    HowtoCutPaperSquares 8

    HelpfulTips 9

    AboutPaper 9

    ABOUTCHRISTMAS,HANUKKAH,ANDKWANZAA10

    FAQ(FrequentlyAskedQuestions) 12

    PROJECTS

    Icicle 16

    SnowflakeCard 17

    Santa'sHatDecoration 18

    ZawadiGift(MessageRack) 20

    HolidayCalendar 22

    HangingOrnament 24

    Dreidel 26

  • TheThreeKings 28

    ChristmasTree 29

    FestiveNapkin 30

    HolidayWreath 32

    MoneyFlower 34

    PictureFrame 36

    TorahScroll 38

    ChristmasStockings 40

    GiftEnvelope 42

    Candle 43

    KinaraCandleHolder 44

    Six-PointedStar 46

    Turkey 48

    DoveCandyDish 50

    SantaClaus 52

    KwanzaaBowl 54

  • StarofBethlehem 56

    Reindeer 60

    Acknowledgments 63

  • IntroductionOrigami Holiday Decorations shows you how to brighten Christmas, Hanukkah, and Kwanzaa withpaperornaments.Origami is thecraftof foldingapieceofpaper intoa recognizableobjectusingonlyyourhands.Manypeoplearefascinatedwithorigamiandfindittobearelaxing,yetchallenginghobby

    DecoratingChristmastreeswithorigamihasbecomeatraditioninmanyhomes,libraries,andmuseums.OrigamiornamentshavealsofoundtheirwayintoHanukkahcelebrations,butthisisthefirsttimethatabookincludessuchideasforKwanzaa.Someoftheprojectsrelatetoaspecificholiday,butmostofthemmakewonderfuldecorationsforanyofthethreeholidays.

    InOrigamiHolidayDecorationsyouwillfindalotofpracticalinformation,including:

    Step-by-stepinstructionsHowtomakeuniqueornamentsanddecorationsHowtocreatenewdesignsHowtousedifferentpapersHowtoteachorigamitoothersHowtouseorigamiasaneducationaltoolHoworigamifitsintotheworldofcomputersandtechnology

    Ihopeyouwillfindthatit'sgreatfuntomakeholidayornamentsthatcanproduce"oohs"and"aahs"yearafteryear.

  • AboutOrigamiTechniquesTohelpyoumakesenseofthelinesandarrowsonthedrawings,youshouldstudytheexplanationsofafew basic techniques. It will be well worth a fewminutes to learn to recognize the "Four ImportantSymbols"and"ThreeProcedures,"whichareinternationalstandardsfororigami.

    Anyactiontobetakenateachstepisshowninredonthediagrams.

    FOURIMPORTANTSYMBOLSLearntorecognizethesefoursimpleclues,whichareoftenoverlookedbybeginners.

    1.ValleyFold

    Foldthesquareinhalfbybringingoneedgeofthepapertowardyouandmatchingittotheoppositeedge.

    Avalleyfoldisalwaysshownbyalineofdashes.Youhavemadeavalleyfold.

    Withthisonesimplefold,youhavemadeagreetingcard.

    2.MountainFold

  • Foldthesquareinhalfbyguidingoneedgeofthepapertothebackandmatchingittotheoppositeedge.Amountainfoldisshownbyadash-dot-dashlineandanarrow.

    "Youhavemadeamountainfold.

    Withthisonesimplefoldyouhavemadeatent.

    3.Arrows

    Makeavalleyfold.

    DoublearrowFoldandunfold.

    Makeamountainfold.

    CurlyarrowTurnthepaperover.

  • 4.ExistingCrease

    Anexistingcrease,madepreviously,isshownbyathinlinethatdoesnottouchtheedges.

    Existingcrease

    THREEPROCEDURESIn these threeprocedures,whichoccur frequently inpaperfolding, severalstepsarecombined intoonestandardprocess.

    1.InsideReverseFold

    Oneofthemostcommonproceduresiscalledaninsidereversefold.

    1.Foldasmallsquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Placethepaperexactlyasshown.Foldthetopcornerovertotheright,sothatitpeeksovertheopenedge.

  • 3a.Letthepaperopenupandpushthecornerinbetweenthetwolayersofpaper,onthecreasesyoumadeinStep2.

    3b.Closeupthepaper.

    4.Completedinsidereversefold

    Theinstructionsformakinganinsidereversefoldareindicatedwithadash-dot-dashline,thesameasforamountainfold,butthetextstatesthatyoumustmakeaninsidereversefold.

    Youmaywonderwhy thisprocedure is called a reverse fold: InStep2youwill see that thedoubledpaperismadeupofamountainfoldonthefrontlayerandavalleyfoldonthebacklayer.AfteryouhavepushedthecornerinbetweenthetwolayersofpaperinStep3,youhave"reversed"thevalleyfoldintoamountainfold.

    2.OutsideReverseFold

    Withanoutsidereversefold,thepaperiswrappedaroundtheoutsideofacorner.

    1.Foldasmallsquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Placethepaperexactlyasshown.Valleyfoldthetopcornerovertotheleft,sothatitpeeksoverthefoldededge.

  • 3a.UnfoldStep2.

    3b.LetthepaperopenupandvalleyfoldonthecreasesmadeinStep2.

    4.Completedoutsidereversefold

    Outside reverse folds are often used for heads, feet, and hats. The instructions formaking an outsidereverse foldare indicatedwithadashed line, thesameas foravalleyfold,but the textstates thatyoumustmakeanoutsidereversefold.

    3.Rabbit'sEar

    Arabbit'searisalwaysformedonatriangle,wheneveritoccursduringthefoldingofamodel.

    1.Foldasquarefromcornertocorner.

    2.Younowhaveatriangle.Foldoneoftheshortercutedgestothelongfoldededge.Unfoldit.

  • 3.Foldtheothershortcutedgetothelongfoldededge.Unfoldit.

    4.PinchthecornerbetweenyourthumbandforefingersothatitformsavalleyfoldthatendswherethetwocreasesmadeinStep2andStep3meet.Thecornerwillstanduplikearabbit'sear.

    5.CompletedRabbit'sEar

    HOWTOCUTPAPERSQUARESManyoftheprojectsinthisbookbeginwithasquarepieceofpaper.Allitssidesareofequallengthandallcornersareright(90-degree)angles.Papercanbesquaredonaboardpapercutter,ifavailable,butit'squiteeasytocutanyrectangularsheetintoasquare:

    1.Foldashortedgetoalongedge.

  • 2.Cutofftheextrarectangle.

    3.Asquare

    Sheetsof81/2"x11"copyandotherprintingpaperscanbecutintotwosizes:

    Withonecut:intosquareswith81/2sides.

    Withtwocuts:intotwosquareswith51/2"sides.

    Copyshopswillusuallycutawholereamforasmallfee.Areamwillprovidefivehundred81/2"squaresoronethousand51/2"squares.

    HELPFULTIPSIfyouarehavingtroublewithastepcheckthefollowing:

    1.Makesureyoudistinguishcarefullybetweenavalley fold (dashed line)andamountain fold(dash-dot-dashline).2.Besuretoobservethecurlyarrowaskingyoutoturnthepaperover.3.Compareyourpapertotheillustrationsfor:

    ThestepyouareworkingonThepreviousstepThenextstep,whichisyourgoal

    4.Readthedirectionsoutloud.

    Drawings

    Forthesakeofclarity,theillustrationsmayincreaseinsizefromthebeginningoftheprojecttotheend.Buttheanglesarealwaysconsistent,andyoucantestyourownpaperagainstthem.

  • Measurements

    Measurementsaregivenininchesandcentimeters,buttheconversionmaynotalwaysbeexactinordertoavoidawkwardfractions.Insomecasesspecificsizesarerecommended,butinmostcasesyoumayusesmallerorlargerpiecesofpaper.

    ABOUTPAPERMostfairlythin,uncoatedpaperswithacrispsurfacearesuitablefororigami.Checkout"origami"ontheInternet for suppliers of specialty papers. Once you know how to fold an origami, you may want toreproduceitwithapaperinamoreappropriatecolorordesign,whichcanmakeabigdifferencetotheendresult.

    Thefollowingisanoverviewofthepapersmostpopularwithexperiencedpaperfolders.

    OrigamiPaper

    Ready-cutsquaresinvaryingsizesandcolorsareavailableinsomeart,museum,andgiftstoresandfromcatalogs.Theyareusuallycoloredononesideandwhiteon theother. I recommend6" (15cm)as themostversatileall-purposesize.Fromthereyoucangoontosmallerandlargersquaresasappropriateforaparticulardesign.

    ComputerandBondPaper;PrintingPaperinBrightColors

    Thesetypesofpaperareavailableinalargeassortmentofcolorsatcopyshops,officesupplystores,andschoolsuppliers.Theyaresoldinsize8"by11"inpackagesof500sheets(aream),andareavailablein twoweights, describedon the packages as 24 lbs and20 lbs.The lighterweight paper foldsmoreeasily.Printingpapersarethemosteconomicalchoiceforschools,youthgroups,andotherlargegroups.

    GiftWrapPaper

    It isquitedifficult tocutpaperon rolls intosquares,butwellworthwhile for special results.Foilgiftwrapturnsanyorigamiinstantlyintoafestiveornament.

    HandmadePaper

    Thistypeofpaperissofter,butgivesrich-lookingresults.Japanesewashipaperingloriouspatternsisavailableinsheetsorpackagesofsquares.

    PaperColoredonBothSides

    Someprojects lookbetterwhenmadefrompaper that iscoloredonbothsides,suchasprintingpaper.Duo-colored origami squares, sold in packets, have different colors on the front and the back.Youcanmakeyourownfancyduopapersbygluingsheetsofgiftwraporotherpapersbacktobackwithsprayglueorgluesticks.

    Rec