Piano Compositions

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    Piano Compositions

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    IGCSE

    Submit 2 compositions, either contrasting in character orwritten for different forces

    Must be recorded

    One of them must be written in a Western tonal style andmust demonstrate familiarity with the basic principles oftraditional harmonic language; FULLY NOTATED

    The other may be in any style of the candidates choice

    and may be notated in whatever form of notation isappropriate to the music, provided that the intention of thenotation are clear to the examiner/moderator

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    Copy these in Homework Diary

    Composition due Friday Week 8

    Solo performance during Junior Assessment Week(Week 10)

    Music note book will be collected next Monday,make sure everything is up to date (checkDistribution folder in case missing items from the

    powerpoint)

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    ~composition~

    Organisation of sounds over time.

    The spacing of sound is important for impact andan overall plan helps everything to fit andbalance.

    STRUCTURE is how the ideas are organized

    DEVELOPMENT is how the ideas grow

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    Contrary to popular myth

    Composers are not usually hit by inspirationfalling out of the sky. Composing is a skill that isacquired through practice, experience and lots

    of listening. The greatest composers are also thegreatest listeners because they listen for whatmakes great music and apply the principles thatthey discover to their own music.

    Rhythm, melody, timbre, harmony all needs to becarefully considered when composing

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    Writing for Solo Instrument

    Fully explore the different timbres of the instrument. Most instruments can makedifferent sounds- some traditional and some bizarre! Think of the different waysthat an instrument can be played. Invent new ways of playing an instrument andnew notations to represent them.

    Use the entire range of the instrument. Different ranges usually have different

    timbres that can evoke different moods etc.

    Show off what is special and unique about your instrument. Write music that couldnot be played another instrument.

    You are not limited by what you can play. You can ask someone else to perform yourpiece for you as long as you are involved in the direction of the performance.

    Listen to many pieces of music as you can find for your instrument. Listen to manydifferent styles and genres of music. Perhaps use different elements from severalstyles and create your own style.

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    Marking Scheme

    Ideas 20%

    Structure of their compositions 20%

    Use of the chosen medium 20%

    Compositional technique 20%

    Presentation and notation of scores 20%

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    Ideas

    1. What kind of rhythmic pattern/value is used?

    2. Is the main idea/melody memorable? Sing-able?

    3. Are there other ideas introduced? When/where?

    4. Is there sufficient variety and contrast between

    the ideas?

    5. Do the chords match the melodies used?

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    Super Mario

    Click icon to add picture1. What kind of rhythmic

    pattern/value is used?

    2. Is the main idea/melodymemorable? Sing-able?

    3. Are there other ideasintroduced? When/where?

    4. Is there sufficient varietyand contrast between the

    ideas?

    5. Do the chords match themelodies used?

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    Structure

    1. How long/short are the melodic phrases?

    2. Is there enough variety/contrast between thedifferent phrases?

    3. How is variety/contrast achieved in this piece?

    4. Do you think the composition is well organized?Why/why not?

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    Tetris

    Click icon to add picture1. How long/short are themelodic phrases?

    2. Is there enough

    variety/contrastbetween the differentphrases?

    3. How is

    variety/contrastachieved in this piece?

    4. Do you think thecomposition is well

    organized? Why/whynot?

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    Hes a pirate Click icon to add picture

    1. How long/short are themelodic phrases?

    2. Is there enoughvariety/contrast

    between the differentphrases?

    3. How is variety/contrast

    achieved in this piece?

    4. Do you think thecomposition is well

    organized? Why/whynot?

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    Theme &Variation

    Click icon to add pictureThe idea is introduced in thebeginning (8 bars or more, to

    allow sufficient material for

    variation)

    Listen to Mozarts Twinkle

    Twinkle Variation

    Write down how each variation

    is different compare to the

    original (rhythm, melody,textureetc)

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    Violin + PianoClick icon to add picture1. How long/short are the

    melodic phrases?

    2. Is there enoughvariety/contrast

    between the differentphrases?

    3. How is variety/contrastachieved in this piece?

    4. Do you think thecomposition is well

    organized? Why/whynot?

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    Click icon to add picture

    1. How long/short are themelodic phrases?

    2. Is there enoughvariety/contrast between

    the different phrases?

    3. How is variety/contrastachieved in this piece?

    4. Do you think thecomposition is well

    organized? Why/why not?

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    Use of medium

    Choice of writing for specific instrumentalcombinations

    Appropriate writing for the instrument/s

    Variety of musical texture

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    2 trombonequartets

    Click icon to add picture

    1. Do you think thecomposition suit the

    instruments written for?

    2. If you have to re-arrange this

    composition, what kind ofinstrument/s would you write

    for?

    3. What is the main textureused in this piece?

    4. Do the different parts haveinteresting/melodic ideas to

    play during the piece?

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    The Swan

    Click icon to add picture1. Do you think thecomposition suit the

    instruments written for?

    2. If you have to re-arrange

    this composition, what kindof instrument/s would youwrite for?

    3. What is the main textureused in this piece?

    4. Do the different parts haveinteresting/melodic ideas to

    play during the piece?

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    Click icon to add picture

    1. Do you think the composition suit the instruments written for?

    2. If you have to re-arrange this composition, what kind of instrument/s would you write for?

    3. What is the main texture used in this piece?

    4. Do the different parts have interesting/melodic ideas to play during the piece?

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    Click icon to add picture

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    Compositional technique

    Basic ideas extended,

    Developed,

    Combined,

    Sequence,

    Inversion,

    Drones,

    Combination & manipulation on a broader scale to producean aesthetically pleasing composition (with harmonic)

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    Basic ideas extended,

    Developed,

    Combined,

    Sequence,

    Inversion,

    Drones,

    Combination & manipulation on a

    broader scale to produce an aesthetically

    pleasing composition (with harmonic)

    Click icon to add picture

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    Click icon to add picture

    Basic ideas extended,

    Developed,

    Combined,

    Sequence,

    Inversion,

    Drones,

    Combination & manipulation on a

    broader scale to produce an aesthetically

    pleasing composition (with harmonic)

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    Score presentation

    Notated scores + audio recording

    Clear and precise

    Close attention to details of performance,regardless of notation medium

    How effectively candidates are able to record theiraural imagination in terms of written signs and

    symbols

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    Click icon to add pictureNotated scores + audio recording

    Clear and precise

    Close attention to details of

    performance, regardless of

    notation medium

    How effectively candidates are

    able to record their aural

    imagination in terms of written

    signs and symbols

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    Structures & Shapes

    In sections

    Continuous

    Building up to a climax

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    Idea Expansion

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    Section Organization

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    Textures

    A tune with simple harmony

    A tune with complicated harmony

    A tune plus parallel fifths (or other interval)

    Drone/ostinato

    Several tunes at once (polyphony/counterpoint)

    Everybody has a different version of the same tune(heterophony)

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    Structure & Texture

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    Debussys Impressionism

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    Clair de la Lune

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    Ways of Ending

    Stop suddenly

    Make the music collapse

    Gradually wind the music down, slowing the tempo

    One instrument/voice settles on a long note,signaling the end

    A fade-out ending

    A special closing section, called a coda

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    Structure

    Binary

    Ternary

    Rondo

    Theme and variation

    Ground bass

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    Instrumental and /or vocaleffects

    Arco

    pizzicato

    glissando

    tremolo

    harmonics

    double stopping

    strumming

    pitch bending

    mute, roll

    melisma

    blue notes

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    Viva La Vida Quartet

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    Viva La Vida Orchestra

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    Harmony

    Primary chords: I, IV, V(7)

    Secondary chords: II, VI

    Cadence: perfect, imperfect, plagal, interrupted

    Modulation to related keys

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    Compositional devices

    repetition

    Imitation

    Sequence

    Canon

    Inversion

    Ostinato

    Drone

    Alberti bass

    Pedal

    Contrary motion

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    The Nokia Fugue

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    The Lady Gaga Fugue

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    Mozart

    Rhythm used: mostly quavers &

    semiquavers

    Melody: mostly in the right hand, but

    left hand has some interesting parts

    with semiquavers leading up to the

    right hand semiquaver runs. Melodic

    phrases are short but structured

    Harmony: mostly tonal, using broken

    chords/primary chords, it modulates

    into a minor key in the middle

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    Zimmer

    Rhythm: LH ostinato rhythm in

    6/8, contrasted with RH in ,

    creates syncopation

    Melody: harmonized RHmelody, repeat with variation.

    Phrases vary in length. Quite a

    lot of ideas introduced.

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    Bond

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    Nyman

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    Binary

    Are you sleeping

    Brahms Lullaby

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    Notes

    Treble

    Bass

    Alto

    4sharps and 4 flats major

    minor key

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    Rhythm & TimeSignature

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    intervals

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    Dynamics

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    Tempo

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    Expression

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    Ornaments &Articulations

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    Major scales

    Minor scales

    Chromatic scales

    Pentatonic scales

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    Intervals

    Melodic movement step or leap

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    Phrasing

    Duple, triple, irregular metre

    Syncopation

    polyrhythm

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    Harmony

    Primary chords

    I, IV, V(7)

    Secondary chords

    II, VI

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    Cadence

    Perfect

    Imperfect

    Plagal

    Interrupted

    Modulation to related keys

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    ensembles

    Orchestra

    Wind/jazz bands

    choir

    Chamber ensemble

    Piano, harpsichord, organ

    Gamelan, rabab, kora, xylophone

    Od, sitar, sarangi, tabla, chin, er-hu,

    shakuhachi, koto, bandoneon, quena,

    pan-pipes, guitar, un-tuned percussion

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