Pre-trip and Post-trip: No Excuses - Safety .2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No

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  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 1

    Pre-trip and Post-trip: No Excuses

    2008-2009 New York State Education

    Department Driver and Attendant


    Instructor Notes: Be sure to read the Lesson Plan and the Background Information in your PDS manual in preparation for teaching. Explain the reason for the refresher title no excuses. These inspections are not complicated or influenced by anyone other than the drivers and attendants themselves. Its not like defensive driving where you have to compensate for the actions of others. If you dont do an inspection, its because you chose not to.You can also highlight the fact that all drivers and attendants in New York State are receiving this same instruction. If all of us can get together and commit to doing these inspections properly, childrens lives will be saved and no drivers or attendants will lose their jobs because of poorly done or skipped inspections. The first part of this lesson works to develop this sense of shared mission.

    Group Activity: Pass out the Inspection Crossword to drivers and attendants as they enter the classroom and make sure they have something to write with for this and other activities. Encourage them to begin working on the crossword and let them know that it is OK to work together this is not a test.

    Printed Overheads: If you are printing these pages for use on an overhead projection, there are comments at the bottom of the Notes Pages for specific instructions that differ from the use of computer projection. For slides that have bulleted lists enter one point at a time, use progressive disclosure to achieve the same effect.

    These Notes Pages are not meant as a script, but to provide the intended background material for you to put into your own words and share through the lens of your own experience. The Background material in the PDS manual includes more detail on some of these topics.

  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 2

    Pretrip and Postrip Refresher 2

    Playing the odds

    20 children will die in school bus accidents in the US this yearYour yearly odds are 1 in 27,500 pretty safeIn your 100 bus fleet, odds are 1 death every 275 yearsBut, on average, in New York State, 2 childrenwill be killed each yearWho is your team? Who matters? You, your fleet, your state, all school bus drivers, all children?

    Instructor Notes: Use this slide to talk frankly about the odds. In fact, most bus drivers will not be involved in a fatal accident. Even so, you can stress how the loss of a classmate, family member, co-worker, or friend can be devastating you might want to offer a personal or local example it doesnt have to be school bus related.20 children a year includes an average of about 13 killed in the loading zone and 7 killed as bus passengers in crashes. These numbers fluctuate by as much as 100 percent annually because the numbers are so small that a single occurrence like the Huntsville, Alabama crash can push the numbers up for a year.If there are 550,000 school buses on the road in the US, each drivers individual odds are 20/550,000 or 1 in 27,500. Chances are pretty good it wont be you BUT is that a reason not to care?Making the jump from an individual driver or attendant to an operation, a 100 bus fleet is likely to experience a fatality once every 275 years. Another way to look at this that is more immediate is to say that in 275 100-bus fleets, one will have a fatal accident this year.New York State transports about 1/10th of all the children in the country so statistically that means about 2 children a year in New York State. These could be upstate, they could be downstate, but unless everyone makes a decision to be better than the rest of the country, they will happen here.The bottom line is, Who do I consider a part of my circle of concern? The whole point of the beginning of this lesson is to get drivers and attendants to not just dismiss doing quality pre-trips and post-trips that might uncover vandalized brake lines, bulbs out in the loading or brake lights, or sleeping children just because it probably wont happen to them, but to broaden their circle of concern to include all students drivers and attendants. That would mean that everyone/every day chooses to do the right thing.

    Group Activity: Ask them briefly how a news report of a school bus fatality can affect them even if its not their bus. Answers might include imposition of new regulatory requirements on school bus personnel and operations, parents choosing to transport children themselves that would increase overall risk and reduce the need for school busing and jobs, putdowns from friends or general public about school buses and those who operate them, etc.

  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 3

    Pretrip and Postrip Refresher 3

    Todays Objectives

    Actively caring for safetyDoing a daily personal pre-tripHot Inspection Topics:

    MirrorsEmergency Exits Security Sleeping Children Parking the bus

    Instructor Notes: Briefly explain the objectives let them know what is ahead. Tell them that you will return to the objectives at the end of the lesson so they will have a chance to check your performance . Explain that this lesson will not be a comprehensive review of the walkaround inspection but will focus on commitment to doing a good inspection and the five HOT TOPICS that have high-risk potential. A few are topics that have been discussed forever and some are ones that have come to our attention more recently, but all are ones with a high potential for risk.

  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 4

    Did you get it?


    Instructor Notes: Using a copy of the crossword clues, go through the across first, asking for answers from the class first. Each click will uncover the next clue. Dont spend a lot of time explaining answers because most will be addressed during the lesson. Dont let a small group answer all the questions. The reason for doing this right away is to get their attention off of the puzzle if they are still trying to complete it and back on the lesson.

    Overhead Version: Before you put up this overhead, go through each clue in order and see if they got the answers. After you have covered all the clues, you can put up this slide so they can see the solution.

  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 5

    Pretrip and Postrip Refresher 5



    Instructor Notes: Since the idea of actively caring is closely linked to teamwork, this slide from the previous year makes a connection between this material and where we left off last year.

  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 6

    Pretrip and Postrip Refresher 6

    Safely Transporting Students

    No Intervention

    Notice a need is something wrong?

    Intervention required am I needed?

    Perform Actively Caring Behavior

    Choose intervention What should I do?

    Assume responsibility should I intervene?









    Instructor Notes: The 2007 slide identified the goal as Safely Transporting Studentsand this slide explains the decision-making process that must occur for Actively Caring Behavior to become an industry wide decision. If at any point in this process the answer is no the actively caring behavior wont happen and students, drivers, and attendants become at risk.For someone to get involved the first step is for them to notice a need. We have identified a global need by a discussion of national and state student school bus fatalities, but each driver and attendant must choose to embrace that need as one that can and must be fixed.Once a need has been established the next decision is Am I needed to fix the problem?This requires the understanding of teamwork including everyone to be focused on the intervention.Intervention here means two things. The first, which we have already implied, is doing quality inspections to break the cycle of risk. The second, harder one, is intervening with co-workers when they are not doing the right thing. If we are committed to the safety of ALL students, drivers, and attendants then we cant really let any bus go out of the yard or end the trip without a quality inspection.Choosing Actively Caring Behavior then includes quality inspections and a willingness to work towards fleet-wide quality inspections.

  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 7

    Pretrip and Postrip Refresher 7

    What does that look like?

    Team actively cares about goals, action plans, and consequencesTeam believes in and owns the missionTeam decides to feel obligated to work towards goals and support the visionTeam gives rewarding,supportive, and correctivefeedback to increase behaviors consistent with vision-relevant goals.

    Instructor Notes: This slide outlines what it looks like when the individual becomes part of the team and all team members begin to work toward the common goal. On the third point it is important to stress that the sense of obligation comes not from a directive, but from an internal commitment to the goal.On the fourth point, be sure to highlight the fact that interventions with other drivers and attendants can be not because you have a concern, but also be telling them you observed them doing a great job. When interventions are both positive an negative it becomes clear that it is not a personal issue but is objectively focused on the goal of safety for all.

  • 2008-2009 NYSED Refresher pre-trip and post-trip: No Excuses 8

    Pretrip and Postrip Refresher 8