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Text of Propaganda


2. Propaganda is a specific type of messagepresentation, aimed at serving an agenda. Information, ideas, or rumor deliberatelyspread widely to help a person, movement,institution, nation, etc. The particular doctrines or principlespropagated by an organization 3. Crusade, conducted peacefully butaggressively through writing and speeches Not a subversive movement Did not work for the overthrow of theSpanish colonial govt Lobby group that would articulate theaspiration of an awakened people 4. Drastic changes in the European economic and the political scene had also its effects in the colonial structure.The Enlightenment had cause political and economic repercussions in Europe. 5. It ended the Monarchial system inFrance and the rise of the nation-states in Europe, and with theideals of Nationalism Laborsystems where beingmodified. 6. The idea of nationalism did not only spread inEurope but also in other colonies. In the WestIndies the idea spread like wild fire and led to therevolutions of the Latin American colonies In the East, the news of the Enlightenmentalong with its ideologies came in rapidly with theopening of the Suez Canal in 1869. 7. By the 19th century Spain experienced changes which would have its effects into its colonies.Spain was under France at the time if the Napoleonic empire. The War of Independence against the French invaders would be the first step towards the formation of a constitutional government 8. The Constitution of 1812 was proclaimed at Cadiz by theLiberal Cortes. But Fernando VII quickly returned to absolute governmentand the Liberals again suffered. After Fernandos death in 1833, he was succeeded by hisinfant daughter Isabel under the regency of his motherQueen Maria Cristina. This broke the ire of the Carlist the supporters of theDon Carlos. Maria Cristina managed to get the support of the Liberalsand the rivalry broke into a Civil war. 9. The Liberals did not want the existingcondition of the Spanish churches back then. 1834 and in 1835 mobs burned downreligious houses and murdered priests. TheJesuit were suppressed and the thereproperties where confiscated. 1836 monasteries and convents were closeddown and their properties sold. 10. In the 19th century, Spain opened the Philippines to world trade and that stimulated a remarkable progress in commerce, agriculture and industry. Records show that foreign investors were permitted to do business in Manila as early as 1809 11. Students who were merely concerned with their studiesExilesSuspected filibusterosExpatriates who escaped persecutionDedicated men who have varying talents 12. An active Filipino nationalist in Spain. He had come to Spain in 1871 and studied philosophy and theology in Salamanca later he had give to Madrid where to obtained his law in 1881His father Maximo Paterno, a wealthy Manila businessman was among those deported to the Marianas is the 1872 purge. 13. Was of Chinese mestizo origin and had already earned his doctorate degree in law by 1880.He contributed articles to the newspaper El Democrata on reforms needed by the Philippines particularly on economic matters.He published a book called El Progresso de Filipinas.Because of its importance as the first serious book 14. Marcelo H. del Pilar Lawyer of the first bi-lingual nationalistic newspaper Diaryong Tagalog Editor of La Solidaridad insurrection is the last remedy Died of tuberculosis in Barcelona in July 4, 1896 Go ahead with the work and seek the happiness and liberty of our dear country 15. Born in 1850 in the province of Bulacan and studied at the Colegio de San Jose. He has also witnessed the 1872 incident 16. GracianoLopez Jaena Hailed from Jaro, Iloilo Wrote Padre Botyok- satirical portrayal of typical Spanish friar--- ignorant, immoral, corrupt & abusive Stormy Petrel of the Propaganda Born in Jaro, Iloilo, in 1856, he had first study in the Jaro seminary, and later gone to Manila to study medicine. Here he seems to get into trouble with the authorities. He left for Spain in 188o to study medicine in the University of Valencia. 17. The following year he gave up his studies and left for Madrid, where he soon began to be active in political and journalistic circles. He appears to have been a natural orator, and became a frequent speaker in meetings of radical groups. 18. Brindis Speech( toasting speech) Did what no one has ever dared--- publicly criticize the friars myopic pygmies who, assured the present, fail to project their vision into the future; sickly nurses, corrupted and corrupting, engaged in stifling all legitimate sentiments and who by perverting the heart of the people, sow among them the seeds of discord, later reap the harvest, wolfs- bane, the death of the future generation 19. Rizal would be the one to galvanizethe different sentiments into a singlefocused nationalist effort.. He wrote El amor patrio His political novels the Noli MeTangere and El Filibusterismo. 20. Feb.15, 1889Served as the forum of the propagandistsPrincipal instrument to answer the insults and accusations made by the friarsPortrayed the sad conditions of the Philippines so as to make Spain take steps to remedy them 21. To make the Philippines a regular province of Spain.To restore the countrys representation in the Cortes.To treat the Filipinos and Spaniards equally before the law.Secularize or Filipinize parishesTo grant freedom of speech and of the pressTo grant bill of rights to the Filipinos 22. The propagandists suffered persecutionin their campaigns for reforms. In Europe, they lived in poverty andsickness. They often missed their meals and smokediscarded cigarette butts to forget theirhunger. Lopez Jaena died of tuberculosis in thecharity of a hospital in Barcelona. Del Pilar died of the same illness in thearms of Mariano Ponce 23. On the night of July 3, 1892, at a house in Tondo, Rizal founded and inaugurated La Liga Filipina. Elected were Ambrosio Salvador, President; Agustin de la Rosa, Fiscal; Bonifacio Arevalo, Treasurer; and Deodato Arellano, Secretary. 24. This constituted a forward step in the reformistideas of the times in the sense that the new groupsought to involve the people directly in the reformmovement. Many elements of society who wereanxious for change were attracted to the Liga,among them, Andres Bonifacio who became oneof the founders of the organization. 25. To unite the whole countryCarry mutual protection in every grievance and necessity.Put up a defense against violence and injustice.Encourage education, agriculture and commerce 26. SEE YOU NEXT MEETING ! 27. Marcelo del Pilar 28. Graciano Lopez Jaena 29. Jose Rizal 30. filibusteros