Q1 2015 DDoS and Web Application Attack Stats & Trends from stateoftheinternet.com

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  • akamai.com

    [Q1 2015 ]

  • Number of DDoS attacks continues rise, up to more than double the total in Q1 2014

    Attackers increasingly favor a low and slow approach a typical attack had lower bandwidth but long duration

    The gaming industry attracts more DDoS attacks than any other

    Seven of eight mega-attacks directly or indirectly targeted gaming

    35% of all DDoS attacks this quarter were focused on the gaming industry

    DDoS traffic was dominated by infrastructure-layer attack methods

    China rose to largest DDoS source, with the share of US attacks falling dramatically

    Web application attacks concentrated on retail and media verticals

    = malicious activity: key trends

    2 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

  • = major DDoS statistical trends

    3 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

    Overall frequency of DDoS attacks continued to rise

    Up more than 35% from Q4 2014

    More than double the number of attacks recorded in Q1 2014

    DDoS attacks were smaller, but longer and more frequent

    Typical attack had drastically lower volume and bandwidth than 2014

    Below 10 Gbps

    29-hour average duration

    Eight mega-attacks with more than 100 Gbps traffic

    Largest had 170 Gbps peak, more than largest attack of Q4

  • = DDoS attack makeup

    4 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

    Infrastructure-layer attacks dominated DDoS methodologies,

    accounting for 91% of all recorded attacks:

    SSDP attacks were the most exploited infrastructure-layer

    vector, representing >20% of attacks

    SSDP attacks are a new vector first observed in Q3 2014

    Uses unsecured home Internet devices such as routers as reflectors

    SYN floods fell to second place with 16% of all attacks

    However, seven of eight mega-attacks involved SYN floods

    Application-layer attacks continued to be disfavored due to the

    rise of reflection-based attack methods

    Most-common application-layer attack is HTTP GET , accounting for 7.5% of DDoS activity

  • = DDoS attack makeup

  • = targeted industries

    5 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

    Gaming remained the most targeted industry, attracting 35%

    of all attacks

    Attacks on other relevant verticals appeared to be indirect attacks on

    gaming as well

    Massive attacks on large console gaming networks in December 2014

    continued into January

    Seven of eight >100 Gbps mega-attacks recorded in Q1 were targeted at

    gaming, either directly or indirectly

    Software and Technology suffered 25% of attacks

    Slight decrease of 1% from last quarter

    Internet and Telecoms suffered 14%

    Slight increase of 3% from last quarter

  • China continued to top the list of DDoS source countries

    Accounted for 23% of DDoS traffic

    Substantial increase from 18% in Q4

    Germany was the second-largest source of DDoS traffic

    17% of recorded DDoS traffic originated from Germany

    Substantial increase from 12% last year

    USA fell to third place

    Accounted for just 12% of DDoS traffic in Q1 2015

    Dramatic decrease from 32% in Q4

    Decreases in percentages do not represent a drop in DDoS

    traffic from these countries

    DDoS traffic sources have increasingly diversified other countries are

    producing more DDoS traffic, rather than the US producing less

    = source countries

    6 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

  • = web application (non-DDoS) attacks

    7 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

    Akamai collected and analyzed data from the KONA Web

    Application Firewall service. This data focused on web

    application attacks and their patterns:

    More than 52 million SQL injection attacks observed, accounting for 29% of attacks

    Two campaigns against travel and hospitality companies were a main contributor

    Local File Inclusion (LFI) accounted for 66% of web application attacks

    Primarily resulting from massive volumetric campaign against two large retailers

    63% of LFI attacks observed during week 12 alone

    More than 50% of all attack IPs originated from the US

    Retail and Media/Entertainment industries were subjected to the greatest number of attacks

  • Download the Q1 2015 State of the Internet Security Report

    The Q1 2015 report covers:

    Analysis of DDoS web application attack trends

    Bandwidth (Gbps) and volume (Mpps) statistics

    Year-over-year and quarter-by-quarter analysis

    Attack frequency, size, types and sources

    Security implications of the transition to IPv6

    Mitigating the risk of website defacement and domain hijacking

    DDoS techniques that maximize bandwidth, including booter/stresser sites

    Analysis of SQL injection attacks as a persistent and emerging threat

    = Q1 2015 State of the Internet Security Report

    9 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

  • StateoftheInternet.com, brought to you by Akamai,

    serves as the home for content and information intended to

    provide an informed view into online connectivity and

    cybersecurity trends as well as related metrics, including

    Internet connection speeds, broadband adoption, mobile

    usage, outages, and cyber-attacks and threats.

    Visitors to www.stateoftheinternet.com can find current and

    archived versions of Akamais State of the Internet

    (Connectivity and Security) reports, the companys data

    visualizations, and other resources designed to put context

    around the ever-changing Internet landscape.

    = about stateoftheinternet.com

    10 / [The State of the Internet] / Security (Q1 2015)

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