RENEWABLE ENERGY REPORT - final - Kent 1.3 Definition of Renewable Energy 1.3.1 Renewable energy, which

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    RENEWABLE ENERGY IN KENT   

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

       

    Select Committee Report 

    2010   

                Kent County Council  County Hall  Maidstone  ME14 1XQ  08458 247247  county.hall@kent.gov.uk   

     

     

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    THIS PAGE IS INTENTIONALLY BLANK 

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

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    Contents 

    Contents..................................................................................................................................................3

    Chairman’s Foreword..............................................................................................................................8

    I EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ....................................................................................................................9

    1.1 Committee membership ...............................................................................................................9

    1.2 Terms of Reference.......................................................................................................................9

    1.3 Definition of Renewable Energy .................................................................................................10

    1.4 Evidence gathering......................................................................................................................10

    1.5 Reasons for establishing the Select Committee .........................................................................10

    1.6 Key findings .................................................................................................................................10

    1.7 Recommendations ......................................................................................................................12

    2 INTRODUCTION AND POLICY BACKGROUND................................................................................15

    2.1 Introduction ................................................................................................................................15

    2.2 Emissions targets ........................................................................................................................17

    2.3 CRC Energy Efficiency Scheme ....................................................................................................17

    2.4 What does CRC mean for Kent County Council? ........................................................................17

    2.5 Renewable Energy Strategy ........................................................................................................19

    2.6 Microgeneration Strategy ...........................................................................................................19

    2.7 Renewable Energy Targets..........................................................................................................20

    2.8 Regeneration Framework ...........................................................................................................21

    2.9 Kent Environment Strategy.........................................................................................................21

    3 HOW MUCH ENERGY DO WE USE?...............................................................................................23

    3.1 UK Energy Consumption .............................................................................................................23

    3.2 Kent Energy Consumption ..........................................................................................................23

    3.3 Kent County Council Energy Consumption .................................................................................25

    3.4 Reducing energy consumption in Kent .......................................................................................26

    3.5 Reducing energy use by the KCC estate......................................................................................27

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    3.6 Direction of Travel.......................................................................................................................29

    3.7 KCC Sustainable Construction Policy ..........................................................................................29

    3.8 Policies that have resulted in increased energy use...................................................................30

    3.9 Better Workplaces ......................................................................................................................30

    3.10 Street Lighting Policy...................................................................................................................31

    3.11 What needs to be done to further reduce energy use in the KCC estate?.................................31

    3.12 Sustainable Schools.....................................................................................................................34

    3.13 LASER...........................................................................................................................................35

    3.14 LASER electricity contracts..........................................................................................................35

    3.15 Local authority sale of renewable electricity ..............................................................................36

    4 RENEWABLE ENERGY GENERATION..............................................................................................37

    4.1 Renewable generation in the UK ................................................................................................37

    4.2 Renewable Generation in the South East and Kent....................................................................37

    4.3 Renewable Energy Capacity in Kent............................................................................................39

    4.4 Renewable Generation on the KCC Estate..................................................................................41

    4.5 School Renewables Project .........................................................................................................41

    4.6 Renewable technologies .............................................................................................................42

    4.7 Renewable Electricity..................................................................................................................42

    4.8 Renewable Heat..........................................................................................................................49

    4.9  Kent woodfuel industry...............................................................................................................54

    5 FUNDING.......................................................................................................................................59

    5.1 Renewable Electricity Support Mechanisms...............................................................................59

    5.2 The Renewables Obligation (RO) ................................................................................................59

    5.3 Low Carbon Buildings Programme..............................................................................................60

    5.4 Feed in tariff  (FIT).......................................................................................................................61

    5.5  Renewable Heat Incentive ..........................................................................................................64

    5.6 Energy Efficiency Funding for Kent Businesses...........................................................................64

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    5.7 Funding for energy efficiency and renewables on the  KCC estate ............................................65

    5.8 The Energy and Water Investment Fund ....................................................................................65

    5.9 The Building Energy Efficiency Programme (BEEP).....................................................................66

    5.10 Energy Service Companies ..........................................................................................................66

    5.11 Energy company funding for school renewable energy projects ...............................................68

    5.12 KCC options for future projects on its estate..............................................................................69

    5.13 Funding for Low‐Carbon Communities .......................................................................................69

    5.14 Funding for individual households..............................................................................................71

    6 ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDINGS........................................................