Russia/ SOVIET UNION. Russia 900-1917 Soviet Union (USSR) 1917-1991 Russia 1991-present

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Text of Russia/ SOVIET UNION. Russia 900-1917 Soviet Union (USSR) 1917-1991 Russia 1991-present

Russia

Russia/ SOVIET UNION

Russia 900-1917 Soviet Union (USSR) 1917-1991 Russia 1991-present

CommunismA system where the government controls all the factories, farmland, jobs, healthcare basically everything The symbol for it is the Hammer (factory workers)

and the Sickle (farmers) Their slogan is workers of the world unite together to overthrow capitalism

Gulags (prisons, labor/concentration camps)in Siberia

Romanov Tsars: Tsars are the kings of Russia

Romanov is the royal family of RussiaRomanov Dynasty ruled Russia for 300 years

1. Look at source 2 on p. 99 - How many different people groups lived in Russia?2. List 3 characteristics of the peasants and the country side (p.100)3. List 3 characteristics of the Aristocracy4. List 3 characteristics of people living in the city (p.101)5. Who were the Capitalists?6. The Czar ruled Russia as an autocracy - what does that mean? (p.102)7. List 3 facts about Karl Marx and marxist theory (in the margin on p. 103)8. So, do you think people wanted to overthrow the Tsar? 9. What do you think the Tsars police were always looking for?

The Last Russian Tsar

Tsar Nicolas Romonov IIHis daughter Anastasia

Grigori Rasputin

Peasants (poor landless farmers) : made up 80% of the Russian populationCity/factory workers: made up 18% of the populationAristocracy: rich landowners who owned most of the land 1%Government workers including secret police 1%

Karl Marx writer of the bookCommunist Manifesto

Karl MarxGerman political writer 1818-1883Disgusted by the living and working conditions of the poor factory workersWriter of a book entitled the Communist ManifestoIdeas included: throughout history there have been class struggles between the rich (bourgeoisie) and the workers (proletariat)said that the rich would always use capitalism to influence lawmakers to write laws to stay in power Said that the PROLETARIAT (workers) of the world need to unite together and have a revolution to overthrow capitalismCOMMUNISM will one DAY overthrow Capitalism!!!The communist leaders would then set up a communist system where all private ownership would be abolishedAll factories and farmland would be owned by the state (government) or in commonIn this system everyone would have a job, adequate housing, healthcare, access to education, in essence be equal

Assignment: on the back of the question sheet copy these vocabulary words and answer the 3 questionsAutocracy (Autocrat): Rule by one personOkhrana: The Tsars secret police Proletariat(workers):factory workers and poor farmersBourgeoisie: the wealthier people making good moneyBolsheviks: communists revolutionaries that were with Vladimir LeninSoviets: groups of communist workers that organized protests in major cities around Russia1. Why might Russians not like the Tsar and his form of government?2. What kinds of people do you think the Okhrana were looking for? 2. Why might Russian peasants and factory workers like the Bolsheviks?3. What Russians wouldnt like the Bolsheviks?

Closure: Complete these sentencesAn Autocracy ________________The proletariat were the _________The bourgeoisie were the ________ Karl Marx ________Vladimir Lenin __________The Bolsheviks ________Soviets________Tsar Nicolas Romanov II __________

Vladimir LENIN: leader of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution brought Communism to Russia - The country then became the Soviet Union

1. what was Bloody Sunday? (p. 104)

2. How did the Tsar survive?

3. look at the graphic on page 110 and explain 4 reasons that the Tsar did not survive the 1917 Revolution

4. Read 'An analysis of the Bolshevik Revolution' on p. 115 and explain why the Bolsheviks took control of Russia

What happened to Lenins older brother?What book influenced his life? Why do you think he got sent to prison in Siberia?Who were the Bolsheviks?What happened to the Czar (Tsar Nicolas II) ?What did Lenin and the Bolsheviks do in November of 1917?What did they name this new country?Russia was then in a civil war who do you think were the 2 sides?

COMMUNISM workers of the world unite to overthrow capitalism

Communism: A system of government that controls all the farmland, all the stores, restaurants, the hospitals, schools, housing, etc.No one is homeless, no one is unemployed, no one is without healthcare but no one can own a business so no one is richDictionary definition: a system of social organization (or government) in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single political partyWHY CAPITALISTS HATE COMMUNISMThey are going to take away peoples private property (wealth) Businesses restaurants, land, houses, etc. take away your opportunity to become rich

Give a man a fish and he eats for a day

Teach a man to fish and hell eat for a lifetime

CapitalismIs an economic system where the private individuals control the land, business and industry

Thereby making profit

Proletariat(workers):factory workers and poor farmers

Bourgeoisie: the capitalists people making money

1.Under the Romanov tsars did Russia have a democracy or dictatorship?2. Why do dictators have so many secret police and spies? 3. What is Siberia known for?4. What is the % breakdown of the Russian population people groups for this time period? 5. what are Revolutionaries?6. what happens in a Revolution? 7. What do you think is going to happen to Tsar Nicolas the II?8. Who killed the Romanov royal family?

Finish these sentencesThings that Russia is known for areA Tsar is A gulag in Siberia.The BolsheviksKarl MarxCommunismThe proletariatVladimir LeninCapitalism Communism.

CapitalismCommunism (socialism)Individuals (private citizens) own the companies i.e. people own Apple, Facebook, Nike, Coca Cola, Southwest Airlines, McDonalds, apartment complexes, thousands of acres of farmland, basically everything

Private individuals own the housing so people have to pay rent or buyPrivate citizens own the hospitals or insurance companies so you have to pay for healthcareMany schools are private - Harvard, Stanford, Brophy so students have to pay thousands in tuitionBanks loan money so you can borrow capital to start your own business and make millionsCritics say the rich influence lawmakers to stay richCapitalism There are Winners (rich) Losers (poor)Probably not fair but still almost anyone can work hard and do wellThink of all the choices in the cereal aisle in an American grocery store in a communist country (Cuba) there might be only white boxes that read Corn Flakes

The Government controls all the land, mining, transportation, factories, restaurants, hotels, - everything

workers work for the governmentGovernment owns all housing so no one is homelessGovernment owns all the hospitals free healthcareGovernment controls all schools free tuitionNo banks, no advertising, no commercials because no one is trying to become rich you cant own your own company and then create a chain of stores to become richNo one is motivated to become rich so they dont make thousands of stores so there arent lots of things to buyCommunism- Everyone is Equal. Equally PoorCriticism: In communism the government controls everything including the media so it can lie, propagandize and control what people see and hear through the mediaAlso, with no competition it doesnt have to make a good product because there is no other choice so communist countries are not known for making good products

What kinds of people might like the Communism?Who would hate communism? What is bad about capitalism? What is good about communism?True or false rich landlord farmers controlled thousands of acres of land and millions of peasants did not own their own land Why might landless peasant farmers like the idea of communism? What could be bad about communism?

How do farmers get paid in a capitalistic country?

How would farmers in a communistic country get paid?

StoresCapitalist countryCommunist country (Cuba)

There was little demand for Russian goods

Think of different companies that compete against each other My example:

What makes each of them try to make a good product

1.What are some problems with communism in general (what sucks about it)?2. Think of countries that had communism (USSR, China, Cuba, and North Korea) what are some specific things that sucked about living in those countries under communism?3. What happened to writers or vocal people who openly criticized communism or the communist government? 4. What would happen if a small group of 100 people protested for change in these countries? 5. What might happen if 100,000 people did a demonstration for change in these countries? 6. Why did communist governments have a censored controlled media (newspapers, radio, and TV)?7. What do you think happened in communist countries where they relaxed censorship and allowed people to watch the news, TV and movies from non-communist countries?

Closing Activity: complete these sentencesA gulag in Siberia.The BolsheviksKarl MarxCommunismVladimir LeninCapitalism A criticism of Capitalism is .In a comunist country the mediaA criticism of Communism is .Communism pretty much died because.

Vladimir LENIN: leader of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution brought Communism to Russia - The country then became the Soviet Union

Bolshevik sloganPeace, land and bread What happened to Lenins brother?What book did Lenin read that influenced him? Why do you think that he was sent to Siberia?What year was Tsar Nicolas forced to give up his throne?Who do you think was fighting in the Russian civil war?What was Lenin trying to do during his last years?How long did Lenin rule? Why do you think