Sergei Prokofiev

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Sergei Prokofiev. Introduction to Music 1010 By Russell Feala 31 March 2014. Born on the 23 rd of April , 1891 Sontzovka , Ukraine. Knew that around age 5 that he wanted to compose music. Wrote his first piano composition at age 9. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Sergei Prokofiev

Introduction to Music 1010

By Russell Feala 31 March 2014Sergei Prokofiev

1Born on the 23rd of April , 1891 Sontzovka, Ukraine. Knew that around age 5 that he wanted to compose music.Wrote his first piano composition at age 9.At age 13 entered the prestigious St. Petersburg Conservatory.

Born on the 23rd of April , 1891 in a small village called Sontzovka, Ukraine (now Krasne, Russia), Sergei Sergeievich Prokofiev is said to be one of the most prolific composers of the 20th century. He is most noted for his piece Peter and the Wolf, which was originally written to teach his children about musical instruments. He started his musical education under the tutelage of his mother. It was when he was around 5 years old that he was first noticed for his talent on the piano taught to him by his mother. It is said that his first piece of was a piano composition called Indian Gallop. Another piano composition he was known for when he was nine was The Giant, which was an opera performed by his family. In 1904, at the age of thirteen, his mother Maria Grigoryevna Zhitkova, moved him to St. Petersburg, where Sergei studied at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. It is here under the guidance of Nickolai Rimsky-Korsakov, that he produced four operas, a symphony and several piano compositions. It is known that later in his life he comes to regret not taking advantage of this opportunity to a greater degree. Although labeled as ill-tempered, stubborn and an unfriendly sort, he won the Rubinstein Prize; a prize won for piano composition and playing named after Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein, an accomplished Russian composer and pianist; while attending the prestigious Conservatory. This prize was won for his piano concerto in D Flat. 2Sergei studied at the St. Petersburg ConservatoryInstructed by Nikolai Rimsky-KorsakovWon the Anton Rubinstein award for his Concerto in D Flat

Awards and Accolades

In 1904, at the age of thirteen, his mother Maria Grigoryevna Zhitkova, moved him to St. Petersburg, where Sergei studied at the St. Petersburg Conservatory. It is here under the guidance of Nickolai Rimsky-Korsakov, that he produced four operas, a symphony and several piano compositions. It is known that later in his life he comes to regret not taking advantage of this opportunity to a greater degree. Although labeled as ill-tempered, stubborn and an unfriendly sort, he won the Rubinstein Prize; a prize won for piano composition and playing named after Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein, an accomplished Russian composer and pianist; while attending the prestigious Conservatory. This prize was won for his piano concerto in D Flat. 3

Sergei flees his homeland in 1917 to avoid conscription with the rise of the February Revolution.Tours England as a concert pianist.Introduced to Sergei Diaghilev and Igor Stravinsky.Frequently compared to Sergei Rachmaninoff.1917 marked the beginning of the Russian Revolution called the February Revolution. Fearing violence and insecurity, Prokofiev fled his native country of Russia in an attempt to avoid conscription, on a tour of England, where he had become an accomplished concert pianist in London, where he now lived. Here Prokofiev was introduced to the impresario Sergei Diaghilev (choreographer and founder of the Ballets Russes) and Igor Stravinsky ( Firebird Suite). During this time he finished a previously unfinished work, Third Piano Concerto. Prokofiev yearned for peace in his life and hoped hed find it when he travelled to America to impress audiences with his work. He was less than impressed with the reactions from the audiences in this foreign land even though he was compared to such exiles as Sergei Rachmaninoff. They preferred traditional classical harmonies compared to his unorthodox neo-classical style and percussive style. It wasnt until he journeyed to Paris in 1920 were his performances of ballets and operas were well received by the audiences. The year is now 1922 and Prokofiev now finds himself in the home of his mother in the town of Ettal in the Bavarian Alps, where he works on The Fiery Angel based on a novel by Valery Bryusov.

41923 Prokofiev marries Spanish singer Lina LluberaMoved to ParisInjures hand and unable to play pianoMoscow boundLabelled as a critic of the government by Stalin

The year is now 1923, and Prokofiev marries a Spanish singer named Lina Llubera (1897 1989). The couple packed up and moved to Paris. Critics and the public responded with mixed reviews to his compositions and after an injury to his hand in 1926, which left him unable to play piano he contemplated a return to Russia. A return to his homeland, in the city of Moscow, was in his future in 1936, where he was invited to compose several pieces for the Bolsheviks in which he was now reconciled. Although his works are said to be influenced, greatly by his now friend Igor Stravinsky, the composition, Romeo and Juliet, and Cinderella were received with rave reviews from the native government and critics worldwide. World War II began several years later and Prokofiev was on the outs with the Soviet Union. By the 1940s Stalins government labeled Prokofiev as a critic against the ruling regime, mainly for his modernist style, which contrasted the socialist realism ideals of the communist politics. 5

Divorces wife for 25 year old Mira Mendelssohn.Lina Llubera sentenced to 25 years in Gulag for espionage.Soviets crackdown on artists and intellectuals.Joseph Stalins death overshadows that of Prokofiev.It is from this time period onward that it seems that Sergei Prokofievs life takes a downward spiral from bad to worse. In 1941, Prokofiev divorces his wife Lina for a twenty five year old woman named Mina Mendelson. His ex-wife stayed in Russia, and because of her Spanish heritage was sentenced for espionage for sending money through the embassy to her mother in Spain. She was only released after twenty-five years in the Gulag and the death of Joseph Stalin. From 1946-48, Prokofievs works were announced as formalist and again against the ideals of the regime. In 1948 he publicly deemed his works during this period and earlier times a threat to these same ideals. He did this in a letter to the Composers Union. A new opera was composed call The Story of a Real Man based on a true story of a pilot flying in WWII who became a hero. Failing health and financial securities provoke another downturn in Prokofievs life. The Soviet government begins to crack down on artists and intellectuals in the period following WWII. He manages a collaboration of War and Peace with novelist Leonid Tolstoy, in which the opera ran from 1941-43. Prokofiev suffers several heart attacks and after a time fades from an active musical career in composing. His works were again denounced by the Soviets who call Prokofiev anti-democratic and modernist. The final blow to his historic career was when he died the same day as Joseph Stalin (5th of March, 1953), at the age of 61. Stalins death overshadows his own. Prokofiev is believed to have died from a stroke. He was buried in Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow. 6Prokofievs Most Well Known CompositionsPiano Concerto No. 1 in D-flat major, op. 10Scythian Suite, Op. 20, suite for orchestraThe Gambler, Op. 24, opera in four actsThe Love for Three Oranges, Op. 33, opera in four acts, includes the famous March from the Love for Three OrangesThe Fiery Angel, Op. 37, opera in five actsThe Prodigal Son, Op. 46, ballet in three scenes

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Prokofievs Most Well Known CompositionsPeter and the Wolf, Op. 67, a children's tale for narrator and orchestraAlexander Nevsky, Op. 78, cantata for mezzo-soprano, chorus, and orchestraCinderella, Op. 87, ballet in three actsWar and Peace, Op. 91, opera in thirteen scenesIvan the Terrible, Op. 116, music for Eisenstein's classic film of the same name.Peter and the WolfA Listening Guide

Commissioned by Natalya Sats of the Central Childrens Theatre of Moscow in 1936. Sergei Prokofiev composed Peter and the Wolf Op. 67 in his native land of Russia. This piece has been interpreted many ways over the years, by different nations and composers, but the same basic story remains. 9

0:00 The story begins with rich textured melodies played by the in a major and happy tone of a string quartet. It is fleeting and flighty. An optimistic feel and strong timbre provoke the imagination as the narration begins the story.

Against the will of his grandfather, Peter along with the help of his friends, A bird, cat, and a duck manage to capture a menacing wolf. The story is set to music to give the feeling of different characters demonstrated by instruments. The Bird is a Flute played in a high fluttering range. The cat is a represented by the Clarinet, which gives a sneaky and aloof feeling. The duck is demonstrated by the Oboe which feels slow-witted and lumbered gait of the waterfowl. Grandfather is the bassoon with the deep bellowing tones, which represent authority and manliness. The wolf with horns, which arise with menace. Hunters are also written into the story with the kettle drums detailing their movements and imposing character. Peter is given the inspiring high-pitched strings of youth. The story is presented by a narrator, who explains for the audience whom were originally children, the story as it progresses.

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0:10- 2:20 An explanation of instrumentation is assigned to the characters of the story by the narrator.0:10 Narration of the story begins with a man telling us the story is beginning. The narrator tells us that each character is represented by a musical instrument. Peter is described as being represented by the string quartet and his trusty pop-gun by a POP!, made by mouth. Peters trusted friend Sasha, is represented by a flute in a high range and fast tempo to give a flighty feel to the bird. Sonja the Duck is represented by a slow tempo and low range of the Ob