Shakespeare’s Shakespeare’s Hamlet A Study of the Play’s Major Soliloquies and Various Film Adaptations

  • View
    222

  • Download
    8

Embed Size (px)

Text of Shakespeare’s Shakespeare’s Hamlet A Study of the...

  • Slide 1
  • Shakespeares Shakespeares Hamlet A Study of the Plays Major Soliloquies and Various Film Adaptations
  • Slide 2
  • Fun Facts About Hamlet Script first published in 1604Script first published in 1604 More film adaptations made of this than any other Shakespeare playMore film adaptations made of this than any other Shakespeare play The story of a man who could not make up his mind (LO)The story of a man who could not make up his mind (LO)
  • Slide 3
  • More Fun Facts WSs longest, most popular, most influential playWSs longest, most popular, most influential play Different versions of the play exist, with various differences in lines and scenes they are known as the First Quarto (Q1), the Second Quarto (Q2), and the First FolioDifferent versions of the play exist, with various differences in lines and scenes they are known as the First Quarto (Q1), the Second Quarto (Q2), and the First Folio
  • Slide 4
  • Slide 5
  • Recognize this story?
  • Slide 6
  • Shakespearean Renaissance in the 20 th /21 st Century Previous and present century trend of adapting Hamlet The Bard is no longer confined to the theatre but is broadcast over airwaves, on television, and on the silver screen Never before has Shakespeare been so widely available and debated from so many viewpoints
  • Slide 7
  • Major Themes Fratricide Regicide Regicide IncestAdultery Espionage Espionage Insanity Insanity AssaultTreason
  • Slide 8
  • Major Themes Revenge Revenge Appearance versus Reality Appearance versus Reality Sanity versus Insanity Decay and Corruption
  • Slide 9
  • Plot of Hamlet A tragedy set in DenmarkA tragedy set in Denmark Hamlets father, King of Denmark, is murdered by Hamlets own uncle, ClaudiusHamlets father, King of Denmark, is murdered by Hamlets own uncle, Claudius Claudius quickly marries Hamlets mother Gertrude and becomes kingClaudius quickly marries Hamlets mother Gertrude and becomes king Hamlets fathers ghost desires his son Hamlet to get revengeHamlets fathers ghost desires his son Hamlet to get revenge
  • Slide 10
  • Plot of Hamlet continued Hamlet feigns madnessHamlet feigns madness Stages a play to catch the conscience of the kingStages a play to catch the conscience of the king Kills Polonius, then Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Ophelia (indirectly), and just about everyone except for Claudius until it is almost too lateKills Polonius, then Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, Ophelia (indirectly), and just about everyone except for Claudius until it is almost too late
  • Slide 11
  • Plot of Hamlet Concluded Hamlet in fits of mania, frustration, rage and introspection before he finally dies The plays intellectualism is what keeps filmmakers and others continually adapting it in new and exciting ways
  • Slide 12
  • The Soliloquies There are 6 major soliloquies throughout the playThere are 6 major soliloquies throughout the play What developments and/or states of mind do the soliloquies reveal?What developments and/or states of mind do the soliloquies reveal?
  • Slide 13
  • In this unit, we will compare different film techniques used in 4 versions of Hamlet
  • Slide 14
  • Film Techniques for Comparison Direction of Camera Angle and Position of Camera Stage/Set Design Music and Sound Effects Physical Actions of Actors
  • Slide 15
  • Some important points about film it helps students understand the story and the language of the play betterit helps students understand the story and the language of the play better very few if any films are ever the exact play, despite crediting Shakespeare as a writer and using the plays titlevery few if any films are ever the exact play, despite crediting Shakespeare as a writer and using the plays title It is a film-industry-wide practice to cut more than 2/3 of the original text of the playIt is a film-industry-wide practice to cut more than 2/3 of the original text of the play
  • Slide 16
  • The original text is cut because Doing this allows the director more freedom in presenting his or her interpretation of the text of the playDoing this allows the director more freedom in presenting his or her interpretation of the text of the play Most modern audiences prefer films lasting only between 120 to 150 minutesMost modern audiences prefer films lasting only between 120 to 150 minutes
  • Slide 17
  • Why cant we just watch the movie? Films alone are insufficient to teach the playsFilms alone are insufficient to teach the plays At best, a Shakespeare film is a directors interpretation of the original story for modern audiencesAt best, a Shakespeare film is a directors interpretation of the original story for modern audiences Each version of Hamlet is a different interpretationEach version of Hamlet is a different interpretation
  • Slide 18
  • What is a screenwriter? Someone who writes an original script (or uses a play) and rewrites or adapts it into a more condensed version for the screen The screenwriter writes (and rewrites) a screenplay until the director is satisfied Sometimes the director works as a screenwriter
  • Slide 19
  • What is a film director ? A film is made by a director, who functions as a kind of storytellerA film is made by a director, who functions as a kind of storyteller The director is responsible for the creative aspects of the filmThe director is responsible for the creative aspects of the film He or she directs how scenes will work in terms of camera angles, set design, lighting, and the physical movements of the actorsHe or she directs how scenes will work in terms of camera angles, set design, lighting, and the physical movements of the actors
  • Slide 20
  • Film Technique #1: Camera Angle and Shot Sequence The position chosen by the director in which to situate the camera; this determines the perspective from which the viewer sees the action, and the emotional effect on the viewerThe position chosen by the director in which to situate the camera; this determines the perspective from which the viewer sees the action, and the emotional effect on the viewer Multiple camera angles are often used during a single scene, and the director determines what is included in the shotMultiple camera angles are often used during a single scene, and the director determines what is included in the shot
  • Slide 21
  • Camera Elements include How long the director stays with a shotHow long the director stays with a shot How often there are transitions from one angle to anotherHow often there are transitions from one angle to another When a camera takes the view of a characterWhen a camera takes the view of a character When there are close ups and/or long shots for a desired psychological effect on the viewerWhen there are close ups and/or long shots for a desired psychological effect on the viewer
  • Slide 22
  • High-angle shot: focus is downward, creating sense of power or superiority within the viewer
  • Slide 23
  • High-angle means looking downward
  • Slide 24
  • Low-angle shot: focus is upward, creating a sense of weakness or inferiority
  • Slide 25
  • Low-angle means looking upwards
  • Slide 26
  • Slide 27
  • Film Technique #2: Set Design The physical appearance of the stage or landscape as it looks during each scene throughout the film The set design consists of colours, props, and the placement of actors The details of the set design have symbolic significance
  • Slide 28
  • Setting Elements include Where is the scene taking place physically? What do props and costumes tell us about the time period and each of the characters? Consider the time periods and atmospheres of the following stages
  • Slide 29
  • Traditional
  • Slide 30
  • Modern
  • Slide 31
  • Film Technique #3: Music and Sound Effects The films soundtrack is the collection of songs used, and is not to be confused withThe films soundtrack is the collection of songs used, and is not to be confused with The films score, which is the background musicThe films score, which is the background music The films score is composed specifically and exclusively for the director aloneThe films score is composed specifically and exclusively for the director alone The majority of scores tend to be orchestral, without specific individual voicesThe majority of scores tend to be orchestral, without specific individual voices
  • Slide 32
  • Sound Elements include Sound effects and background noise in the scene (i.e. doors creaking, animal noises, wind, etc.)Sound effects and background noise in the scene (i.e. doors creaking, animal noises, wind, etc.) Music, voiceovers, and other sounds added to the sceneMusic, voiceovers, and other sounds added to the scene Listen to the following examples of famous film scores
  • Slide 33
  • Music and Sound Elements Film adaptations of Shakespearean plays (like all films) often have specific music for different characters, as well as events, concepts, and even symbolsFilm adaptations of Shakespearean plays (like all films) often have specific music for different characters, as well as events, concepts, and even symbols Classic examples: Jaws, Psycho, Star Wars, Lord of the Ring