SIXTEENTH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME annual international maritime law arbitration moot competition 2015 in the matter of an arbitration held in melbourne claimant respondent

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  • SIXTEENTH ANNUAL INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW ARBITRATION MOOT

    COMPETITION 2015

    IN THE MATTER OF AN ARBITRATION HELD IN MELBOURNE

    Claimant Respondent

    Western Tankers Inc Less Dependable Traders Pte

    MEMORANDUM FOR THE RESPONDENT

    TEAM NO. 2

    Emily Bell

    Rebecca Cain

    Kala Campbell

    Zia Van Aswegen

  • CONTENTS

    List of Authorities: Books and Journals ................................................................................................... i

    List of Authorities: Cases & Arbitral Awards ........................................................................................ iii

    List of Authorities: Legislation ............................................................................................................. viii

    List of Authorities: Other ...................................................................................................................... viii

    List of Abbreviations ............................................................................................................................... ix

    Statement of Facts ..................................................................................................................................... 1

    Part One: Jurisdiction ............................................................................................................................ 3

    I. The Arbitration Agreement is invalid due to unilateral mistake ................................................ 3

    II. The seat of the arbitration is in Singapore................................................................................ 4

    III. The tort of deceit is to be decided according to Singaporean law .......................................... 5

    Part Two: Contractual Liability ........................................................................................................... 6

    I. The Charterparty was not in force for the entire charter period ................................................. 6

    II. The loss did not arise as a result of the Masters compliance with the Respondents

    instructions ............................................................................................................................................ 8

    A. The Claimant followed instructions from a third party ....................................................... 8

    B. The instructions were not an effective cause of the Claimants loss ................................ 10

    C. The loss was too remote ...................................................................................................... 11

    D. The Respondent is not required to indemnify the Claimant under the BIMCO STS

    Clause .............................................................................................................................................. 11

    III. The Respondent is not liable to pay hire under clause 8 of the Charterparty because the

    Respondent is entitled to claim equitable set-off .............................................................................. 12

  • A. The Claimants hire claim and the Respondents equitable set-off counterclaim arise

    from the same contract ................................................................................................................... 13

    B. The Claimant has breached the contract by failing to provide a seaworthy Vessel ........ 13

    C. The Claimants breach is directly connected to the payment of hire................................ 17

    D. It would be manifestly unjust if the Claimants hire could be asserted without reference

    to the Respondents equitable set-off claim .................................................................................. 18

    Part Three: Counterclaim ................................................................................................................... 19

    I. The Claimant is liable for its failure to properly and carefully care for the Cargo ................. 19

    A. The Claimant breached its duty to care for the Cargo ....................................................... 19

    B. The Claimant cannot rely on an exemption under art IV r 2 of the Hague-Visby Rules 20

    II. The Claimant has breached its duties in bailment ................................................................. 20

    A. The Claimant failed to take reasonable care of the Cargo................................................. 21

    B. The Claimant converted the Cargo ..................................................................................... 22

    PRAYER FOR RELIEF ...................................................................................................................... 23

  • i

    LIST OF AUTHORITIES: BOOKS AND JOURNALS

    A

    Anderson III, H Edwin, Shipbrokers Authority and Ability to Bind Principals: At the Juncture

    of Chartering and Agency (2000) 31(1) Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce 89 .............. 3, 4

    B

    Beale, H G, Mistake in H G Beale (ed), Chitty on Contracts (Sweet & Maxwell, 30th ed, 2008)

    vol 1 ....................................................................................................................................................... 3

    Born, Gary B, International Commercial Arbitration (Kluwer Law International, 2nd ed, 2014)

    vol I ........................................................................................................................................................ 3

    Born, Gary B, International Commercial Arbitration (Kluwer Law International, 2nd ed, 2014),

    vol II ............................................................................................................................................... 3, 4, 5

    Boyd, Stewart C, Scrutton on Charterparties and Bills of Lading (Sweet & Maxwell, 21st ed,

    2008) .................................................................................................................................................... 10

    Bryant, Willow, Michael Townsley and Benoit Leclerc, Preventing Maritime Pirate Attacks: A

    Conjunctive Analysis of the Effectiveness of Ship Protection Measures Recommended by the

    International Maritime Organisation (2014) 7 Journal of Transportation Security 69 .... 10, 11, 22

    C

    Collins, Sir Lawrence, Dicey, Morris and Collins on Conflict of Laws (Sweet & Maxwell, 14th

    ed, 2006) vol 2....................................................................................................................................... 5

    D

    Duda, D, and K Wardin, Preventative Actions and Safety Measures Directed Against Pirates in

    the Gulf of Aden Region (2012) 6(2) International Journal on Maritime Navigation and Safety

    of Sea Transportation 195 ...................................................................................................... 10, 11, 22

    G

    Ghosh, P K, Waiting to Explode: Piracy in the Gulf of Guinea (ORF Occassional Paper No 46,

    Observer Research Foundation, September 2013)............................................................................ 20

    H

    Hall, John R, Fixing or Unfixing a Charter Party A Shipbrokers View (1991) 8 Australian

    and New Zealand Maritime Law Journal 29 ...................................................................................... 4

    K

    Kamal-Deen, Ali, The Anatomy of Gulf of Guinea Piracy (2015) 68(1) Naval War College

    Review 93............................................................................................................................................. 20

  • ii

    M

    McKendrick, E G, Bailment in H G Beale (ed), Chitty on Contracts (Sweet and Maxwell, 30th

    ed, 2008) vol 2..................................................................................................................................... 22

    Murphy, Martin M, Petro-Piracy: Oil and Troubled Waters (2013) 57(3) Orbis 424 ................. 20

    Murphy, Martin M, Petro-Piracy: Predation and Counter Predation in Nigerian Waters in

    Douglas Guilfoyle (ed), Modern Piracy: Legal Challenges and Responses (Edgar Elgar

    Publishing, 2013) 61 ........................................................................................................................... 20

    P

    Palmer, Norman, Palmer on Bailment (Sweet & Maxwell, 3rd ed, 2009) ............................... 21, 22

    Pejovic, Caslav, The Identity of the Carrier Problem Under Time Charters; Diversity Despite

    Unification of Law (2000) 31(3) Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce 379.......................... 14

    Percy, Sarah, and Anja Shortland, Contemporary Maritime Piracy: Five Obstacles to Ending

    Somali Piracy (2013) 4(1) Global Policy 65 ................................................................................... 16

    Pristrom, Sascha, et al A Study of Maritime Security and Piracy (2013) 40(7) Maritime Policy

    & Management 675 ............................................................................................................................ 16

    Psarros, George Ad, et al, On the Success Rate of Piracy Attacks (2011) 4 Journal of

    Transportation Security 309............................................................................................ 10, 11, 16, 22

    R

    Redfern, Alan

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