sNázev: Malé dějiny filozofie - is.muni.cz .Leibniz ..... 241 1. Ţivot a spisy ... c/ Teodicea

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Text of sNázev: Malé dějiny filozofie - is.muni.cz .Leibniz ..... 241 1. Ţivot a spisy ... c/ Teodicea

  • sNzev: Mal djiny filozofie

    Autor: Hans Joachim Strig

    Nakladatelstv: Zvon, 1992

    ZVON

    ESK KATOLICK NAKLADATELSTV

    PRAHA 1992

    (c) Verlag W. Kohlhammer GMBH, Stuttgart, Berlin, Kln, Mainz, 1990

    (c) Zvon, esk katolick nakladatelstv a vydavatelstv, spol. s r. o., 1992

    Translation (c) Petr Rezek, Miroslav Petek, Karel prunk, 1992

    ISBN 80-7113-058-3

    Obsah

    vod: Cl tto knihy - Nkolik sebekritickch poznmek - Pedmt

    filozofie............................................................................ 21

    PRVN DL. MOUDROST VCHODU

    Prvn kapitola: Filozofie star Indie........................................... 30

    I. Obdob vdsk ........................................................... 31

    1. Kultura a nboenstv doby hymn ................................. 32

    2. Obdob obtn mystiky - vznik kastovnho systmu ............ 33

    3. Obdob upaniad ...................................................... 35

    a/ tman a brahma .................................................. 36

    b/ Sthovn du a spasen ........................................ 38

    c/ Vznam mylenky upaniad .................................... 39

    II. Neortodoxn systmy indick filozofie ................................ 40

    1. Materialismus rvka ............................................... 41

    2. Mahvra a dinismus ............................................... 42

    3. Buddhismus ............................................................ 43

    a/ Buddhv ivot .................................................... 43

    b/ Buddhova nauka .................................................. 45

    c/ K djinm a en buddhismu ................................. 49

    d/ Systmy buddhistick filozofie ................................. 51

    III. Ortodoxn systmy indick filozofie ................................... 55

    1. Njja a vaiika ...................................................... 56

    2. Snkhjaajga ......................................................... 57

    3. Mmnsa a vdnta ................................................... 61

    IV. Nstin dalho vvoje indick filozofie a pedbn hodnocen.. 64

    Druh kapitola: Filozofie star ny .......................................... 67

    I. Konfucius ................................................................. 69

    1. Konfuciv ivot ....................................................... 69

    2. Devt klasickch knih ............................................... 70

    3. Charakter konfucinsk filozofie ................................... 72

    4. Mravn idel ........................................................... 72

    5. Stt a spolenost ...................................................... 73

    5

    II. Lao-c' ...................................................................... 74

    1. ivot .................................................................... 74

    2. Tao a svt - tao jako princip ....................................... 75

    3. Tao jako cesta mudrce ................................................ 76

    4. Stt a spolenost ...................................................... 78

    5. K dalmu vvoji taoismu ............................................ 78

    III. Mohismus a nkter dal smry ...................................... 79

    1. Muo Ti ................................................................. 79

  • 2. Sofist .................................................................. 80

    3. Neomohismus ......................................................... 80

    4. Legist .................................................................. 81

    IV. Velc Konfuciovi ci .................................................... 81

    1. Mencius ................................................................ 81

    2. Sun-c' ................................................................... 82

    3. Kniha ung Jung ...................................................... 83

    V. Pehled dalho vvoje a pedbn hodnocen..................... 84

    1. Filozofie nskho stedovku ...................................... 84

    a/ Wang chung ..................................................... 84

    b/ Nauka o jinu a jangu ............................................. 85

    2. Buddhismus v n ................................................... 85

    3. Obdob neokonfucianismu ........................................... 86

    4. Charakter a vznam nsk filozofie ............................... 88

    DRUH DL. ECK FILOZOFIE

    Veobecn charakteristika. Hlavn periody .................................. 92

    Prvn kapitola: Pedskratovsk filozofie a po vystoupen sofist ...... 96

    I. Mltt prodn filozofov ............................................ 96

    1. Thals .................................................................. 97

    2. Anaximandros ........................................................ 97

    3. Anaximens ........................................................... 97

    II. Pythagoras a pthagorovci .............................................. 98

    1. ivot a uen Pythagory ............................................. 98

    2. Pthagorovci .......................................................... 99

    III. Eleat ...................................................................... 100

    1. Xenofans .............................................................. 100

    2. Parmenids ............................................................ 100

    3. Znn z Eleje .......................................................... 101

    6

    IV. Hrakleitos a prodn filozofie 5. stolet............................. 102

    1. Hrakleitos ............................................................. 102

    2. Empedokls ........................................................... 104

    3. Leukippovo a Dmokritovo uen o atomech ..................... 105

    4. Anaxagors ............................................................ 106

    Druh kapitola: Vrcholn dob eck filozofie ............................. 108

    I. Sofist ..................................................................... 108

    1. Obecn charakteristika ............................................... 108

    2. Protagoras a Gorgis ................................................. 110

    3. Vznam sofistiky ...................................................... 110

    II. Sokrates ................................................................... 111

    1. Sokratv ivot ......................................................... 111

    2. Sokratova nauka ...................................................... 113

    III. Platon ...................................................................... 115

    1. Platonv ivot ......................................................... 115

    2. Platonova dla ......................................................... 116

    3. Pedbn metodick poznmka .................................... 118

    4. Djinn vchodisko .................................................. 119

    5. Nauka o idejch ....................................................... 120

    a/ Ers jako podnt k filozofovn................................ 120

    b/ Dialektika jako metoda filozofovn........................... 120

    c/ Byt idej........................................................... 120

    d/ Idea a jev .......................................................... 121

  • 6. Antropologie a etika .................................................. 122

    a/ Due a nesmrtelnost ............................................. 122

    b/ Zdatnost (ctnost) ................................................. 122

    7. Stt ...................................................................... 123

    a/ Kritika dosavadnch stav ....................................... 123

    b/ Ideln stt ........................................................ 125

    8. Kritika a hodnocen................................................... 126

    a/ Ke kritice Platnovy nauky o stt ............................ 126

    b/ Platnovo postaven v eckch duchovnch djinch ........ 127

    c/ Platon a jeho vliv ................................................. 128

    IV. Aristoteles ..............................................'.................. 129

    1. Aristotelv ivot ...................................................... 129

    2. Aristotelovo ivotn duo ............................................. 129

    3. Logika .................................................................. 130

    a/ Pojem .............................................................. 131

    b/ Kategorie .......................................................... 131

    7

    c/ Soud ................................................................ 132

    d/ sudek............................................................. 132

    e/ Dkaz .............................................................. 132

    f/ Indukce ............................................................ 133

    4. Proda .................................................................................. 133

    a/ Fyzika .............................................................................. 133

    b/ Stupovit e ivch bytost ........................................... 134

    5. Metafyzika ............................................................................ 134

    a/ Jednotliv a obecn ........................................................... 134

    b/ Ltka a forma .................................................................. 135

    c/ tyi pi