Study Guide Mendelian Genetics Flashcards

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  • 2/17/2015 StudyGuideMendelianGeneticsflashcards|Quizlet

    http://quizlet.com/21656265/studyguidemendeliangeneticsflashcards/ 1/2

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    Study Guide Mendelian Genetics 26 terms by stavares

    Whatisthescientificstudyofheredity? Genetics

    Whatisthealleleforarecessivetraitrepresentedby?

    alowercaseletter

    Ifthereistwocapitalorlowercaseletterstogether,whatisthispairofallelescalled?

    homozygousorpure

    Whatisthegenotypeofanorganismthathasatleastonecapitalletter?

    heterozygousorhybrid

    Whatisthephysicalappearanceofanindividualforaspecifictraitcalled?

    phenotype

    Whenanindividualexpressesboththedominantandrecessivetraitsatthesametimetheallelesaresaidtobe?

    codominant

    Whoisthe"father"ofgenetics? GregorMendel

    Whatlawstatestheallelesofageneseparatefromeachotherduringtheformationofgametes?

    LawofIndependenceAssortment

    Whatdoesthegenotypelooklikeforanindividualthatisheterozygousfortallness?

    Tt

    WhattypeofplantsdidMendelstudy? peaplants

    Whatisthedevicecalledthatisusedtodeterminetheprobableoutcomeofgeneticcrosses?

    punnettsquare

    Whatiswrongwithapersonwhohashemophilia?

    Thereblooddoesn'tclot

    Whatisasexlinkedtrait? Gametes

    Whatdoesthegenotypelooklikeforapersonthatishomozygousrecessiveforatrait?

    twolowercaseletters

  • 2/17/2015 StudyGuideMendelianGeneticsflashcards|Quizlet

    http://quizlet.com/21656265/studyguidemendeliangeneticsflashcards/ 2/2

    Whatdoesthegenotypelooklikeforpurebreedingplant?

    Bothcapitalorbothlowercaseletters

    Whatisapedigree? isachartofgenetichistoryofafamilyoverseveralgenerations

    Whatdoesthelawofdominancestate? Someallelesaredominantandothersarerecessive

    WhydidMendelchoosepeaplantsastheorganismtostudyinhisexperiments?

    produceslotsofoffspringgrowsquicklyeasytogrow

    Whyisituncommonforawomantohaveasexlinkedgeneticdisorder,suchashemophilia?

    becauseoneXhidestheother!

    What'shomozygous? organismsthathavetwoidenticalallelesforaparticulartrait

    What'sheterozygous? organismsthathave2differentallelesforthesametrait

    Whatsagenotype? geneticmakeupofanorganism

    Ifmalesareaffectedinthepedigreeitis? xlinked

    Ifitis50/50ratiobetweenmen&womenthedisorderis?

    autosomal

    ifthedisorderis___oneoftheparentsmusthavethedisorder

    dominant

    ifthedisorderis___neitherparenthastohavethedisorderbecausetheycanbeheterozygousforthetrait

    recessive

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