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Taxonomy Evolutionary Classification DomainsKingdomsClassification 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 2222 2222 2222 2222 2222 3333 3333 3333 3333 3333 4444 4444

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  • Taxonomy Evolutionary Classification DomainsKingdomsClassification 1111 1111 1111 1111 1111 2222 2222 2222 2222 2222 3333 3333 3333 3333 3333 4444 4444 4444 4444 4444
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  • Taxonomy Scientists give every organism a UNIVERSALLY accepted name called a what? Scientific Name!
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  • Taxonomy Where do the 1 st and 2 nd parts of a scientific name come from? 1 st : genus 2 nd : species
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  • Taxonomy Why do we use scientific names instead of common names? (like rolly polly, insect, pill bug, etc) The scientific name prevents confusion between different languages/cultures.
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  • Taxonomy Name this type of bean, using the dichotomous key. Kidney beans 1a.Bean roundGarbanzo bean 1b.Bean elliptical or oblongGo to 2 2a.Bean whiteWhite northern 2b.Bean has dark pigmentsGo to 3 3a.Bean evenly pigmentedGo to 4 3b.Bean pigmentation mottledPinto bean 4a.Bean blackBlack bean 4b.Bean reddish-brownKidney bean
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  • Evolutionary Classification What kind of classification groups organisms based on their evolutionary history? Evolutionary Classification
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  • A shark and a dolphin (look alike, but NOT closely related) is an example of what type of evolution? Convergent Evolution
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  • Evolutionary Classification A bat and a rabbit have 332 similar genes, whereas a bat and a bird have 125 similar genes. Which animal is the bat more likely to share a common ancestor with? Rabbit!
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  • Evolutionary Classification Derived characters are used to make what? Cladogram
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  • Domains How many domains are there? 3!
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  • Domains What do all the kingdoms in the domain Eukarya have in common? They all have a nucleus!
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  • Domains What domain would true bacteria WITH peptidoglycan in their cell walls be found in? Bacteria!
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  • Domains What domain would ancient bacteria that live in extreme environments be found in? Archaea!
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  • Kingdoms Kingdom Monera was split up and divided into 2 kingdoms, depending on the presence or absence of peptidoglycan. Name the new kingdoms. Archaebacteria and Eubacteria!
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  • Kingdoms I found an organism that is heterotrophic and has chitin in its cell wall. What kingdom does it belong to? Fungi!
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  • Kingdoms An organism has been found that is UNICELLULAR and contains chloroplasts. What kingdom does it belong to? Protista!
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  • Kingdoms List the following for the animal kingdom: Cell type (prokaryote or eukaryote) Chloroplasts/cell walls (yes or no) Multicellular or unicellular Autotrophs or heterotrophs Eukaryotes, no chloroplasts or cell walls, multicellular, and heterotrophs!
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  • Classification A phyla contains a number of related Classes! (Remember Class is SMALLER than Phylum)
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  • Classification The species Biologius studenticus and Biologius homeworkius are closely related. How do you know? They have the same genus (the first name of their scientific name)!
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  • Classification Do all members of genus Ursus also belong to the order Carnivora? Yes! Because genus is SMALLER than orders, all the organisms came from the same order.
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  • Classification If you had to find something that every living thing on earth has in common, what would it be? DNA/RNA to pass down genes!

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