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Teaching Restorative Practices with Classroom Circles

TeachingRestorativePracticeswithClassroomCircles

ii

TeachingRestorativePracticeswithClassroomCircles

AcknowledgementsThefirstversionofthisresourcewaswrittenunderacontractwithSanFranciscoUnifiedSchoolDistrict.KerriBerkowitzofSFUSDhadconsiderableinfluenceonitscontentandformat,helpedkeeptheprojectfocused,andprovidedagreatmanyhelpfuleditorialsuggestions,forwhichIamverygrateful.Ialsowishtothankmentorsandteacherswhohavehelpedmeunderstandcircleprocesses,thewayofcouncil,andrestorativejustice:TedWachtel,DominicBarter,KayPranis,GigiCoyle,SusanKistin,JeannaRuppel,WendyEvans,ChuckFisher,andmanymorewhoarenotlistedhere.ChuckFisherandJeannaRuppelweremypartnersindevelopingthelessonplansandcofacilitatingthecircles;manythankstothem,andtotheinternswhoaccompaniedusthroughhundredsofclassroomcircles.MarissaWertheimerandLucyLuchessiofferedvaluableeditorialsupport.Gratitudealsotothestudents,teachers,principals,assistantprincipalsandschoolcounselorswhoinvitedmeintotheirclassroomsandschoolstoleadcircles.Theactivitiesinthisbookweredevelopedintheirclassrooms.Thespiritofrestorativecircles,andperhapsthemostessentiallessontobefoundinthisbook,livesinthewaysthestudentsthemselvesshapedtheactivitiesandlessons.Whenweparticipateintrulyinclusiveanddemocraticprocessesforclassroommanagementweoftenencounterthegiftsofwisdomthatstudentsbring.Studentsmakesuggestionsandcontributeideasthataresurprisingandtouching,smartandwise.Weexperimentallyincorporatetheseideasintotheactivityofthemoment;whentheyworkoutwelltheybecomeapartofourrepertoire.Thelessonsinthisresourceincorporatethevoicesofmanystudentswhocontributedtheirwisdomtothewellbeingoftheirclassroomandschoolcommunities.Inquiriesabouttrainingandconsultationtosupportsuccessfulimplementationofrestorativepracticesinyourschool,andcommentsandsuggestionsyoumayhaveaboutthematerialsinthisresource,canbedirectedtorestorativeprocess@gmail.com.

AmosCliffordFebruary2013

Teaching Restorative Practices with Classroom Circles

TeachingRestorativePracticeswithClassroomCircles

ii

TableofContents

Introduction:TeachingRestorativePracticeswithClassroomCircles..........................................................1

PartOne:RestorativePracticesandtheSkillsofCircleKeeping.................................................................3

RestorativeCommunityintheClassroom...............................................................................................4

GoalsforStudents.................................................................................................................................4

GoalsforTeachers................................................................................................................................5

GoalsforClassroomCommunity..........................................................................................................5

WhatisRestorativeJustice?WhatareRestorativePractices?...............................................................6

EvolutionofaRestorativeClassroomandSchoolClimate......................................................................8

CircleDialogueandCircleKeeping..........................................................................................................9

TheShapeoftheCircle.........................................................................................................................9

EveryVoiceHeard:HowtoUsetheTalkingPiece.............................................................................10

ACircleKeepersToolkit.....................................................................................................................11

FocustheCirclewithHighQualityPromptingQuestions..................................................................12

TheCirclehasaCenter.......................................................................................................................13

RespectingEachOnesExperience:ThePrincipleofNonInterference.............................................13

BuildingTrustintheCircle..................................................................................................................14

GuidelinesareCornerstonesofTrust.................................................................................................16

AgreementsareAlsoCornerstonesofTrust.......................................................................................17

MandatedReporting,Agreements,andTrust...................................................................................17

CommunityBuilding(Proactive)andResponsetoHarms:TwoCircleThemes.................................18

SequenceofEventsinaCircle............................................................................................................19

PartTwo:VarietiesofCircleFormatsandCirclesforBuildingCommunity................................................21

VarietiesofCircleFormats.....................................................................................................................21

BasicCircle..........................................................................................................................................21

PopcornCircle.....................................................................................................................................21

Fishbowl(Witness)Circle....................................................................................................................22

SpiralCircle.........................................................................................................................................22

FeedbackCircle...................................................................................................................................22

WheelhouseCircle..............................................................................................................................22

SmallGroup/StudentCircleLeaders...................................................................................................22

BuildingConnections,BuildingCommunity..........................................................................................23

TeachingRestorativePracticeswithClassroomCircles

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GoalsforCommunityBuildingCircles................................................................................................23

ImplicitQuestionsofConnection.......................................................................................................23

BasicConnection:TheCheckinRound..............................................................................................24

ResponsiveCircle................................................................................................................................24

StoryoftheDay..................................................................................................................................24

SomethingSpecial...............................................................................................................................25

TheGuestHouseCircle.......................................................................................................................26

LovingtheQuestionsCircle................................................................................................................27

ThanksgivingCircle..............................................................................................................................28

EnergyManagement:CalmingActivities...............................................................................................29

PartThree:RestorativeCirclesintheClassroom:TeachingSkillsandSettingThingsRight......................31

TeachingRestorativeConceptsandDialogue:OverviewoftheTeachingCircles.................................32

Lesson1OverviewIntroductiontoCircles.........................................................................................33

LessonPlan1IntroductiontoCircles..................................................................................................34

Lesson2OverviewAgreements..........................................................................................................38

LessonPlan2Agreements..................................................................................................................39

Lesson3OverviewRestorativeJusticeandtheChipsScenario.........................................................42

LessonPlan3RestorativeJusticeandtheChipsScenario..................................................................43

Lesson4OverviewTheIssuesthatAffectUs......................................................................................48

LessonPlan4TheIssuesthatAffectUs..............................................................................................49

Lesson5OverviewFishbowlCircleDiscussions..................................................................................52

LessonPlan5FishbowlCircleDiscussions..........................................................................................53

UsingPunitiveandRestorativeApproachesTogether......................................................................58

Lesson6OverviewExploringConflicts,ExpressingAffection.............................................................59

LessonPlan6ExploringConflicts,ExpressingAffection.....................................................................60