THE 16TH INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW A M the 16th international maritime law arbitration moot, 2015

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  • THE 16TH INTERNATIONAL MARITIME LAW ARBITRATION MOOT, 2015

    NATIONAL LAW UNIVERSITY, JODHPUR

    TEAM NO 21

    MEMORANDUM FOR THE RESPONDENTS

    ON BEHALF OF

    LESS DEPENDABLE TRADERS PTE

    RESPONDENTS

    AGAINST

    WESTERN TANKERS INC

    CLAIMANTS

    TEAM

    ASHLESHA MITTAL

    LAKSHANA CV

    MADHAV TAMPI M

    RAJ SURANA

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

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    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    List of Abbreviations .......................................................................................................... 4

    Issues for Consideration .................................................................................................... 15

    I. Whether this tribunal has jurisdiction to decide the present dispute?....................16

    II. Whether or not asa2 was an agent of the respondents? ................................................ 15

    III. Whether the respondents are estopped from denying liability for the representations

    made by asa2? .................................................................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

    IV. Whether the Claimants are liable for tort of conversion of the cargo? .................... 15

    Statement Of Facts ............................................................................................................ 16

    Arguments Advanced

    I. Whether Asa2 was never an agent of the respondents?

    ________________________________________________________________________

    ........................................................................................................................................... 27

    I. ASA2 was never the authorized agent of the respondents. ..................................... 28

    II. None of the actions of the respondents lead to subsequent ratification of asa2 their

    agents. ........................................................................................................................... 29

    i. Respondents did not have complete knowledge of material facts. ...................... 29

    ii. Respondents did not manifest intention to ratify ASA2’s agency. ..................... 30

    III. The respondents are not estopped from denying liability for the representations

    made by ASA2 ................................................................................................................... 30

    i. Representations of ASA2 were not on behalf of the Respondents........................... 31

    ii. It was not reasonable for the Claimants to rely on the representations. ............... 31

    issue IV : The Respondent Has Not Committed The Tort Of Fraud. ........................... 33

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    3

    [A] THERE WAS A BREACH OF PROMISE, NOT A FALSE REPRESENTATION. .................. 33

    [B] THE BURDEN OF PROOF IS ON THE CLAIMANT. ..................................................... 33

    Issue IV : The Claimant Is Liable Under Bailment ...................................................... 35

    [A] THE RESPONDENT HAS TITLE TO SUE UNDER BAILMENT. .................................... 35

    [B] THERE EXISTS A BAILMENT ON TERMS OF THE TIME CHARTER PARTY BETWEEN

    THE CLAIMANT AND THE RESPONDENT. ...................................................................... 36

    [C] THE CLAIMANT HAS BREACHED THEIR DUTY AS A BAILEE. ................................. 37

    I. The Claimants are liable for tort of conversion of the cargo ...................................... 39

    Prayer ................................................................................................................................ 40

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    4

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS

    s. Section

    ¶ Paragraph

    Art Article

    ASA2 Atlantic STS Agency

    B/L Bill of Lading

    BIMCO Baltic and International Maritime Council

    BMP4 Best Management Practices for protection

    against Somalia Based Piracy , Version 4

    Bundle IMLAM Moot Scenario, 2015

    Charterers Less Dependable Traders PTE (LDTP).

    Cl. Clause

    Claimants Western Tankers Inc

    HVR/Rules Protocol to Amend the International

    Convention for the Unification of Certain

    Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lading

    (Hague-Visby Rules)(Brussels 1968)

    LDTP Less Dependable Traders Pte.

    Lloyd‟s Rep. Lloyd‟s Law Reports.

    MT Metric Tonnes

    OPL Off Port Limit

    Owner Western Tankers Inc

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    5

    P. Page

    PDPR Per Day Pro Rata

    Respondents Less Dependable Traders PTE (LDTP)

    STS Ship to Ship

    USD United States Dollars

    WTI Western Tankers Inc.

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    6

    INDEX OF AUTHORITIES

    Cases

    A/S Hansen-Tangens Rederi III v. Total Transport Corporation of Panama (The Sagona)

    Q.B.D. (Com.Ct.) .................................................................................................... 30, 32

    Abu Dhabi Investment Company v. H Clarkson & Company Ltd [2007] 1 Lloyd’s Rep

    264................................................................................................................................. 36

    AIC Ltd v. ITS Testing Services (UK) Ltd ( The Kriti Palm) [2007] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 555.. 36

    Akerhielm v De Mare [1959] AC 789 ............................................................................... 36

    Amalgamated Investment and Property Co Ltd. v Texas Commerce Int’l bank Ltd. [1982]

    QB 84 ............................................................................................................................ 32

    Amin Rasheed Shipping Corporation v. Kuwait Insurance Co., [1984] A.C. 50. ............ 20

    Armagas Ltd.. v Mundogas S.A [1985] 3 All ER795........................................................ 29

    Arsanovia Ltd v Cruz City 1 Mauritius Holdings [2013] 2 All ER 1 (Arsanovia). .......... 17

    Baker v. Yorkshire Insurance Co. [1892] 1 QB 144 ......................................................... 19

    Becken v. Cohen [1973] 1 All ER 120 .............................................................................. 35

    Ben Line Steamers Ltd. v Pacific Steam Navigation Co – The “Benlawers” [1989] 2

    Lloyd's Rep. 51 ............................................................................................................. 27

    Borealis Ab v. Stargas Ltd. and Bergesen D.Y. A/S "Berge Sisar" [2002] 2 AC 205 ...... 37

    Brabant & Co. v. King [1895] A.C. 632 ........................................................................... 39

    Brink's Global Services Inc v Igrox Ltd [2009] EWHC 1817 (Comm) ...................... 41, 42

    British & Commonwealth Holding Plc v. Quadrex Holdings Incorporated (unreported)

    10th April 1995 (CA) ..................................................................................................... 36

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    Bromley v. Att-Gen. [1968] N.Z.L.R. 75 .......................................................................... 35

    c.f. The St. Raphael [1985] 1 Lloyd’s Rep. 403, ............................................................... 19

    Cadbury Schweppes Plc v Halifax Share Dealing Ltd. [2006] EWHC 1184 ................... 34

    Celtheene Pty Ltd. v WKJ Hauliers Pty Ltd. [1981] 1 N.S.W.L.R 606, ........................... 31

    Cf. British Airways Board v. Talyor [1976] 1 W.L.R 13 .................................................. 36

    Cosco Bulk Carrier Co Ltd v Team-Up Owning Co Ltd (M/V Saldanha) [2010] EWHC

    1340 (Comm) ................................................................................................................ 37

    Cosco Container Lines Co. Ltd.. v Robert John Batchford [2013] EWHC 840 (QB) ..... 29

    De Bussche v Alt (1878) 8 Ch. D 286 ............................................................................... 30

    Derry v. Peek (1889) 14 AC 337 ................................................................................. 35,36

    Dollond v The Trustees of the BTG Pension Fund [2011] Pens. L.R. 291 ................. 32, 33

    EmpresaCubanaImportada de Alimentos v Iasmos Shipping Co SA – The “Good Friend”

    [1984] 2 Lloyd's Rep 586 .............................................................................................. 27

    Freeman & Lockyer v. Buckhurst Park Properties (Mangal) Ltd. [1964] 2 QB 480....... 29

    G Bosman (Transport) Ltd v. LKW Walter International Transportorganisation AG

    [2002] EWCA Civ 850 ................................................................................................. 39

    Great China Metal Industries Co Limited v Malaysian International Shipping

    Corporation Berhad– The “BungaSeroja” (1998) 72 ALJR 1592 ............................... 28

    Gross v. Lewis Hillman Ltd [1969] 3 All ER 1476, CA ................................................... 36

    Grundt v Great Boulder Pty Gold Mines Ltd. [1937] 59 CLR 641 .................................. 34

    Habas Sinai Ve Tibbi Gazlar Istihsal Andustrisi AS and VSC Steel Company Ltd [2013]

    EWHC 4071 (Comm) (Habas)...................................................................................... 17