The Center for Academic Excellence presents... Understanding Quotation Marks How, Where, When, Why

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    23-Dec-2015

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  • Slide 1
  • The Center for Academic Excellence presents... Understanding Quotation Marks How, Where, When, Why
  • Slide 2
  • Quotation marks are used to show: 1.Direct speechDirect speech 2.Direct quotationsDirect quotations 3.TitlesTitles 4.Words not used in their true senseWords not used in their true sense
  • Slide 3
  • Direct Speech: Use double quotation marks to identify direct speech. Direct speech means the exact words uttered by a speaker. Joseph said, Where are my shoes? Where, said Joseph, are my shoes? Where are my shoes? said Joseph. Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 4
  • Direct Speech, contd: Please take note of how the commas and other quotation marks are used in conjunction with the quotation marks. You will notice that in most instances, the punctuation mark comes before the quotation mark. Indirect speech does not require quotation marks: Joseph asked where his shoes were. Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 5
  • Direct Speech, contd: It is important to remember, when writing conversation, that there is a new paragraph every time there is a new speaker: Hello, Jim. How are you? asked Todd. Im very well, said Todd. How are you? Im fine. And all the better for seeing you, Jim said. Youre just saying that, said Todd. Flattery will get you nowhere. Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 6
  • Direct Speech, contd: When a speaker makes a lengthy speech, requiring more than a single paragraph, open each new paragraph with quotation marks, but do not use any closing quotation marks until the end of what he (or she) has to say: I went to the mall the other day, said John. It was terribly crowded and I felt quite agitated. I dont usually go to the mall at Christmas and Thanksgiving, precisely because I hate dealing with crowds. I couldnt understand why the place was so packed, until my son told me that Tim Tebow was there promoting Nikes latest athletic shoe and signing autographs. Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 7
  • Direct Quotations: Use double quotation marks to identify direct quotations. Direct quotations are words drawn directly from a text or other source. In research papers, they are generally preceded by a signal phrase and followed by parenthetic documentation. Notice that direct speech and direct quotations are introduced with a comma, except after the word that. According to the Bible, Greater love hath no man than this, that a man lay down his life for his friends (John 15:13). Luther dismissed the value of learning when he said that I do not know how to earn the grace and favor of the super- intelligent. I have often sought to do so with the greatest pains, but from now on I neither desire nor value their favor (Christian Nobility 3). Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 8
  • Titles: Use quotation marks to show the titles of minor works: The children were singing Old McDonald Had a Farm. She wrote an article titled Post-Modern Poets. Robert Frost wrote The Road Not Taken. My girlfriend likes watching Pretty Little Liars. Put quotation marks around the titles of songs, poems, articles, chapters, short stories, television serials, etc. Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 9
  • Single Quotation Marks: Single quotation marks are not generally used, except when they are within double quotation marks. If you are copying a direct quotation, remember to change the double quotation marks into single quotation marks. John said to me, Where are you going? We are all going to sing Old Macdonald Had a Farm. How many of you know the words? said Ms. Teague. According to the Norton Anthology of American Literature, James Baldwin met Richard Wright in 1944, at that time the greatest black writer in the world for me, in whose early books Baldwin found expressed, for the first time in my life, the sorrows, the rage, and the murderous bitterness which was eating up my life and the lives of those about me. Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 10
  • Words Not Used in Their True Sense: Put quotation marks around words not used in their true sense when it is appropriate to do so: He gave his fiance a diamond ring. The ghost that leapt out at her was just my brother wrapped in a sheet. The woman said that she was his wife. Return to Table of Contents
  • Slide 11
  • The End PowerPoint Presentation by Mark A. Spalding, BA, MEd, MA (2012).
  • Slide 12