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    Word Definition

    abate

    to reduce

    in amount, degree or severity

    abdicateto renounceor relinquish a throne

    abject

    utterly

    hopeless, humiliating or wretched

    abjure

    to

    renounce on oath

    ablution

    act of

    cleansing

    abrogate

    to

    abolish by formal means

    abscond

    to leave

    secretly

    abstention

    the act

    of refraining voluntarily

    abstruse

    hard to

    understand; secret, hidden

    accretion

    an

    increase by natural growth

    acerbic

    sour or

    astringent in taste, harsh in temper

    acquiesce

    to

    comply, give in

    acrid

    sharp or biting

    to the taste or smell

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    acrimonious

    caustic,

    stinging or bitter in nature

    adjoin

    to be

    close or in contact with

    adjoin

    to be

    next to and joined with

    adjure

    to beg or

    command

    admonish

    to counsel

    against something; caution

    adulterateto makeimpure

    adventitious accidental

    affable

    friendly,

    courteous

    aggrandize

    to

    increase in power, influence and reputation

    altruist

    a person unselfishly

    concerned for the welfare of others

    amatory

    of or

    pertaining to lovers or lovemaking

    amity

    friendship;

    peaceful harmony

    anachronism

    something

    our of place in time

    anachronism

    an

    obsolete or archaic form

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    androgen

    any

    substance that promotes masculine characteristics

    androgynous

    being

    both male and female

    animus

    hostile

    feeling or attitude

    antipathy

    extreme

    dislike

    antipathy aversion

    apartheid

    any system

    or caste that separates people according to race

    apathy

    lack of

    interest or emotion

    apathy

    lack of

    interest or emotion

    apogee

    the

    highest or most distant point

    apostasy

    a total desertion

    of ones religion, principles, party, cause, etc.

    apostasy

    renunciation

    of ones previous loyalty

    apotheosis

    glorification,

    glorified ideal

    approbation

    praise,

    consideration

    arrogate

    to claim unwarrantably

    or presumptuously

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    assiduous

    diligent,

    persistent, hardworking

    assuage

    to make

    less severe

    atrophy

    the

    wasting away of body tissue

    austere

    severe or

    stern in appearance; undecorated

    autonomy

    independence,

    self-governance

    avertoaffirm, to declare to be true

    avocation

    something

    one does in addition to a principle occupation

    banal

    predictable;

    clichd, boring

    belligerent

    warlike,

    given to waging war

    bemoan

    to express

    pity for

    benevolent

    desiring

    to do good to others

    benign

    having a

    kindly disposition

    bilateral

    pertaining

    to or affecting two or both sides

    bombastic

    pompous

    in speech and manner

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    capitulate

    to surrender

    unconditionally or on stipulated terms

    capricious

    changing

    ones mind quickly and often

    castigate

    to punish

    or criticize harshly

    chicanery

    deception

    by means of craft or guile

    circuitous

    roundabout,

    indirect

    circumambulateto walkabout or around

    circumscribe

    to draw a

    line around

    circumspect

    watchful

    and discreet

    cogent

    convincing

    and well reasoned

    complacent

    self-satisfied,

    unconcerned

    complaisant

    inclined or

    disposed to please

    compunction

    a feeling

    of uneasiness for doing wrong

    concentric

    having a

    common center

    conciliate

    to

    placate, win over

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    conflagration

    a large

    destructive fire

    confluence

    merging

    into one

    congenital

    existing

    or as such from birth

    contravene

    to come

    into conflict with

    convalescent

    recovering

    from illness

    convoketo calltogether

    convoluted

    intricate

    and complicated

    corroborate

    to provide

    supporting evidence

    credulity

    willingness

    to believe or trust too easily

    credulous

    too

    trusting; gullible

    cursory

    going

    rapidly over something; hasty; superficial

    decadent

    decaying;

    deteriorating

    deference

    respect;

    courtesy

    deferential

    respectful;

    to yield judgment to

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    deign

    to think

    fit or in accordance with ones dignity

    delude

    to

    mislead the mind of judgment of, deceive

    derision

    to act of

    mockery

    desiccate

    to dry out

    thoroughly

    desultory

    jumping

    from one thing to another; disconnected

    desultoryatrandom, unmethodical

    diatribe

    an

    abusive, condemnatory speech

    dichotomy

    division

    into two parts, kinds, etc.

    diffident lacking self-confidence

    diffuse

    to pour

    out and spread

    diffuse

    to spread

    widely or thinly

    dilatory

    intended

    to delay

    dilatory

    inclined

    to delay or procrastinate

    dilettante

    someone with

    an amateurish and superficial interest in a topic

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    disabuse

    to set

    right; to free from error

    disport

    to divert

    or amuse oneself

    disquiet

    a lack of

    calm or peace

    dissemble

    to present

    a false appearance; to disguise ones real intentions or character

    disseminate

    to

    scatter or spread widely

    distendto expandby stretching

    doctrine

    a

    principle or body of principles presented for acceptance or belief; dogma

    dogma

    a firmly

    held opinion, often a religious belief

    dogmatic

    dictatorial

    in ones opinions

    doleful

    sorrowful,

    mournful

    dour

    sullen,

    gloomy

    dupe

    to

    deceive; a person who is easily deceived

    duplicity

    deceitfulness

    in speech or conduct; double-dealing

    dystrophy

    faulty or

    inadequate nutrition or development

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    eclectic

    selecting

    from or made up from a variety of sources

    efficacy effectiveness

    effigysculptureor model or person

    effluence

    flowing

    out of

    elegy

    a

    sorrowful poem or speech

    elocution

    art of

    clear and expressive speaking

    empathy

    the

    identification with the feelings or thoughts of others

    enervate

    to reduce

    in strength

    engender

    to produce,

    cause or bring about

    enigma

    a puzzle;

    a mystery

    ephemeral

    lasting a

    short time

    epigram

    a witty

    or pointed saying tersely expressed

    epithet

    a word of

    phrase, use invectively as a term of abuse

    equivocate

    to use expressions

    of double meaning in order to mislead

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    erudite

    learned,

    scholarly, bookish

    esoteric

    known or

    understood by only a few

    estimable admirable

    eugenics

    improvement

    of qualities of race by control of inherited characteristics

    eulogy

    speech in

    praise of someone

    euphony

    pleasantness

    of sound

    exacerbate

    to

    increase bitterness or violence

    exculpate

    to clear

    from blame; prove innocent

    execrable abominable

    exigent

    urgent;

    requiring immediate action

    expound

    to set

    forth in detail

    exult

    to show

    or feel triumphant joy

    fawn to grovel

    fiduciary

    of a

    trust; held or given in trust

    foment

    to arouse

    or incite

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    forestall

    to

    prevent by advance action

    fractious

    irritable,

    peevish

    fusillade

    continuous

    discharge of firearms or outburst of criticism

    grandiloquent

    pompous

    or inflated in language

    guile

    deceit or

    trickery

    heterodox

    different

    from acknowledged standard; holding unorthodox opinions or doctrines

    heterogeneous

    of other

    origin; not originating in the body

    hypocritical

    affecting

    virtues or qualities one does not have

    iconoclastone who opposesestablished beliefs, customs and institutions

    impassive

    showing

    or feeling no emotion

    impervious

    impossible

    to penetrate; incapable of being affected

    impetuous

    quick to

    act without thinking

    impetuous

    characterized

    by sudden rash action or emotion

    importuneto urge

    or press with excessive persistence

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    impugn

    to

    challenge as false

    inamorata

    a female

    lover

    inchoate

    not fully

    formed; disorganized

    inculpate

    to charge

    with fault

    incursion

    a hostile

    entrance into a place

    indigent

    deficient

    in what is requisite

    indoctrinate

    to imbue

    someone with learning

    indolence

    state of

    being lazy or slothful

    indolenceshowing adisposition to avoid exertion; slothful

    induce

    to move

    or lead by influence

    ineffable

    too great

    for description

    infusion

    liquid

    extract so obtained

    ingenuous

    showing

    innocence or childlike simplicity

    inimical hostile, unfriendly

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    insensate

    without

    feeling or sensitivity

    insidious

    intended

    to trap or beguile

    insipid

    lacking

    interest or flavor

    insolent

    boldly

    rude or disrespectful

    interloper

    someone

    who intrudes in the domain of others

    intransigentuncompromising;refusing to be reconciled

    intransigent

    refusing

    to agree or compromise

    invective

    of,

    relating to, or characterized by insult or abuse

    irascible

    easily

    made angry

    laconic

    using few

    words

    litigate

    to make

    the subject of a lawsuit

    magnanimous

    generous

    in forgiving an insult or injury

    magnate

    a

    powerful or influential person

    maladroit

    clumsy,

    tactless

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    malevolent

    characterized

    by or expressing bad will

    malfeasance

    misconduct

    or wrongdoing often committed by a public official

    malign

    to speak

    harmful untruths about, to slander

    malinger

    to evade

    responsibility by pretending to be ill

    maxim

    an

    expression of general truth or principle

    minatorymenacing,threatening

    misanthrope

    a person

    who dislikes others

    miscegenation

    interbreeding

    of races

    mitigate

    to

    soften, to lessen

    mollify

    to calm

    or make less severe

    nascent

    starting

    to develop

    neophyte

    a recent

    convert

    obdurate

    hardened

    in feelings; resistant to persuasion

    obfuscate

    to render

    indistinct or dim

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    oblique

    having a

    slanting or sloping direction

    obsequious

    overly

    submissive and eager to please

    obsequious fawning

    obsolescent

    becoming

    obsolete

    obstreperous

    noisily

    defiant, unruly

    obtuse

    not

    sharp, pointed or acute

    obviate

    to

    prevent; to make unnecessary

    occlude

    to stop

    up; to prevent the passage of

    omnivorous

    eating or

    absorbing everything

    onerous

    troublesome

    and oppressive; burdensome

    opprobrium

    public

    disgrace

    opprobrium

    the

    disgrace incurred by shameful conduct

    panegyric

    formal or

    elaborate praise at an assembly

    panoply

    a

    wide-ranging and impressive array or display

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    paragon

    model of

    excellence or perfection

    pathogenic

    causing

    disease

    paucity

    smallness

    of quantity; scarcity; scantiness

    percipient

    having perception;

    discerning; discriminating

    perfidious

    willing

    to betray ones trust

    perfunctorydone in aroutine way; indifferent

    perfunctory

    performed

    merely as routine duty

    peripatetic

    walking

    or traveling about; itinerant

    permutation

    a

    complete change; transformation

    perquisite

    a

    gratuity, tip

    perspicacious

    shrewd,

    astute

    perspicacious

    having

    keen mental perception and understanding

    pertinacious resolute

    pertinacious

    persistent,

    stubborn

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    petulant

    showing

    sudden irritation, esp. over some annoyance

    philanderer

    one who

    carries on flirtations

    philanthropy

    charity;

    a desire or effort to promote goodness

    philology

    the study

    of literary texts to establish their authenticity and determine their meaning

    plethora excess

    precept

    a

    commandment given as a rule of action or conduct

    precipitate

    to throw

    violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation

    preclude

    to

    prevent the presence of

    precocious

    unusually

    advanced or mature in mental development or talent

    predilection

    preference,

    liking

    prescient

    having

    knowledge of things before they happen

    presentiment

    a feeling

    of anticipation over a future event

    prevaricate

    to lie or

    deviate from the truth

    probity

    honesty,

    high-mindedness

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    prodigal

    lavish,

    wasteful

    proliferate

    to

    increase in number quickly

    promulgate

    to make known

    by open declaration

    propitiate

    to

    conciliate; to appease

    propound

    to set

    forth for consideration

    proprietycorrectbehavior, obedience to rules and customs

    proscribe

    to

    condemn as harmful or odious

    proselytize

    to convert

    of attempt to recruit

    protract

    to

    prolong, draw out, extend

    provident

    having or

    showing foresight

    prudence

    wisdom,

    caution or restraint

    puerile

    childish,

    immature

    pugnacious

    to

    quarrel or fight readily

    punctilious

    strict or

    exact in the observance of formalities

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