The Medieval PeriodThe Middle Ages/Middle English1066 - 1485
The Normans(north men)Originally from Northern Europe (like Danes)Settled in NormandyAdopted French waysWm. intros French ways to England 1066 Old English changes to Middle English!!!
FeudalismPolitical & economic systemBased on hierarchy of powerKing owned all land to king to churchRest to loyal nobles (barons)in return for pay or warriors (knights)
Thus, the social ladder:KingsBaronsKnights
Serfs conquered Anglo-Saxons; peasants bound to land they couldnt own
Protecting Norman interestsBarons build castles to dominate countryside & defend the realmCathedrals & abbeys erected (see pamphlet)
Power struggles1135 Wm.s son Henry I diesViolent struggle between daughter Matilda & nephew Stephen1154 Matildas son Henry Plantagenet takes throne (Henry II) great memorable leader
Eleanor of AquitaineMost powerful woman of 12th c.Former French queenVast landholdings in France as part of her dowryBrought to England chivalry: code of honor to govern knightly behavior, to honor & protect ladies, & go on holy quests (see purple text p. 209)
Thomas a BecketHenry IIs friendAppointed to Archbishop of Canterbury Criticized for favoring church interests over crownMurdered by Henrys knightsHenry proclaims innocence and reconciles w/churchBecket declared a saint, shrine built
Richard the Lion-heartedHenry IIs sonSpent most of 10-yr. reign fighting in Crusades in FranceBrother John (villain of Robin Hood legends) plotted against himDies and John becomes king
JohnRoyal treasury goes bankrupt by overseas warfareMust sign the Magna Carta limits royal authority; gives more power to barons; early step to democracyEventually parliaments are formed councils of barons but later to include commoners as well
Which Big Hair Band sang it anyway?Dont Wanna Miss a Thing-AerosmithNever Say Goodbye- Bon JoviLove Bites- Def LeppardHome Sweet Home- Motley Crue
Which Big Hair Band sang it anyway?Patience- Guns and RosesIs This Love?- WhitesnakeKeep on Lovin You- REO SpeedwagonEvery Rose Has Its Thorn- Poison
Balladssongs that tell storiesPopular in England & ScotlandLoved by the commoners, particularly the illiterateAbout ordinary peoplePassed on orallyMost were anonymous; not written down til 18th c.
Ballads, contd.Focus on a single incidentPopular subjects: tragic love, domestic conflict, crime, war, & shipwreckSome tragic; others comedicDeal with everyday life & problems
Poetic devicesStanzas are quatrains (?)Rhyme scheme of abcbRhythm (1st & 3rd lines 4 stressed syllables; 2nd & 4th 3 stressed)DialogueRepetition of letters (alliteration), words, & phrases
Every Rose Has Its ThornI couldve spent another night If Id known what to sayInstead of makin loveWe both made our separate ways.