The Traditional Rationalist View

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The Traditional Rationalist View. By: Temi Dadepo & Stephanie Boachie. Explanation of view. Plato explains through rationalism that there are three main parts of human nature Reason Appetite Aggression. Reason. the main source of knowledge - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Traditional Rationalist View

The Traditional Rationalist View

The Traditional Rationalist ViewBy: Temi Dadepo & Stephanie BoachieExplanation of view

Plato explains through rationalism that there are three main parts of human natureReasonAppetiteAggression


the main source of knowledgehumans ability to think considerately and rationallythrough reason humans discover the truth on how to livereason is important because it differentiates us from other animalsReason provides self-control purpose for human beingsReason guides/controls a humans appetite and aggressionExample: Reason will prevent you from drinking a glass of water that contains poison when you are thirsty.


appetite is referred to as thirst and hunger( located in the abdomen)(Ex. Sexual and Physical desire)Humans can control their appetite urges through reason Categorized into four categories:DesireKnowledgePowerWealthExample: Your appetite will urge you to drink a glass of water containing poison because you are thirsty


Is the conflict between reason known as anger(exist in the chest)The ability to maintain aggression is also controlled by reasonExample: being unable to drink the poisoned water when you are thirsty, this would increase a humans angry.*If a person fails to overpower their aggression and appetite they will allow themselves to be enslaved and reason can no longer guide them

Criticism of view- Pro Judeo-Christian religious view of human nature has been deeply influenced by the traditional rational viewAugustine adopted Platos view that stated the self is rational, immaterial and not basically self-interested

Criticism of view- ConExistentialism: States there is no universal human nature, no rational human nature, and no purpose for human nature.Feminist:States that the Traditional view of human nature is sexistAristotle: Men rationalistWomen desire & emotionsFeeling and emotion are just as important as reason in defining human nature

Criticism of view - ConDarwins theory undermined the idea that all living things are designed for a purpose, and how reason is not unique but just a more developed animal ability.

PhilosophersPositive angle on viewNegative angle on view Aristotle agrees:Reason is humans highest powerHuman Reason discovers truth about human nature Humans have a purposeReason separates man from animalBeing more rational than another human being causes you to feel superior towards themThis can lead to racism amongst individualsExample: Hitler may have thought that the Jews were not rational thinkers; this made them inferior to him. This allowed Hitler to gain power over all the Jews.

Scenarios 1. Billy is walking down the hall, and Janet pushes him when she walks byAs a rational person what should Billy do?Push Janet backSwear at herWalk away from the situationNon of the aboveScenario 2.Betty is out with the girls and decides to have a couple of drinksAs a rational person what should Betty do?Continue drinkingDrive home drunkFind a designated driverNon of the aboveScenario 3.Stephanie has one cupcake left, and her best friend Temi has complained to her how hungry she is. Stephanie has already eaten one cupcake, what should she do with the other cupcake?As a rational person what should Stephanie do?

Stephanie should eat the last cupcakeStephanie should yell at Temi for not buying her own cupcakeStephanie should share the cupcakenon of the aboveScenario 4.Amy has a big philosophy test tomorrow morning but the cutest guy in school Chris Brown, has just invited her to go to a party the night beforeAs a rational person what should Amy do?Study for the test and not go to the partyGo to the partyNeither to study or go to the party