THEOLOGY OF CREATION IN THE THOUGHT OF CREATION IN THE THOUGHT OF ... The Orthodox Dogmatic Theology of Dumitru Stƒniloae, in Modern Theology, vol.13, no. 2, aprilie 1997,

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Text of THEOLOGY OF CREATION IN THE THOUGHT OF CREATION IN THE THOUGHT OF ... The Orthodox Dogmatic...

  • UNIVERSITY OF BABES BOLYAI, CLUJ-NAPOCA

    ORTHODOX THEOLOGICAL FACULTY

    ISIDOR TODORAN DOCTORATE SCHOOL

    THEOLOGY OF CREATION IN THE THOUGHT OF

    FATHER DUMITRU STNILOAE AND THE CONCEPTIONS OF

    THE MODERN COSMOLOGY

    Summary Of The Doctorate Thesis In Theology

    Supervisor:

    Rev. Univ. Dr. Ioan Ic

    Post graduate for a doctors degree :

    Rev. Ciprian Florin Apetrei

    Cluj-Napoca

    2011

  • Contents

    Introduction............................................................................................................ p.

    Preliminaries...........................................................................................................p.

    Biographical data of Father Dumitru St\niloae.........................................................p.

    Theological personality of Father Dumitru St\niloae............................................... p.

    Place of Father Dumitru St\niloae in the Romanian theology and the Orthodox Contemporary theology................................................................ p.

    Part I

    Theology of Creation in the Thought of Father St\niloae...................p.

    Chapter I

    Creation of the Visible and Invisible World

    1. Theology of Creation in the Holy Scripture and at the Holy Fathers................... p.

    2. Creation of the World in the Century Old Plan of God........................................ p.

    3. The Holy Trinity and the Creation of the World from Nothing in Time.............. p.

    4. The Reason and Purpose of Creation.................................................................... p.

    5. The World as a Gift of the Love of the Holy Trinity............................................ p.

    6. The world - the Rational Work of God The Reasons of the Things and Their Relationship with God, the Creator Logos........................................... p.

    7. Creation of man according to His image and Likeness God and His Special Relation with Man and the World Created................................. p.

    8. Creation of the Invisible World of the Angels and Their Role in Sustaining the Spiritual Progressof the Good in the World.............................. p.

    9. The Fall of the Bad Angels and Their Role in the Fall of Man and Sustaining the Evil in the World.....................................................................p.

    Chapter II

    Creation of the World Sustained by the Divine Providence

    1. The Three Aspects of the Divine Providence........................................................p.

    2. Jesus Christ Pantocrator.........................................................................................p.

    3. Restoration of Man and of Creation in Jesus Christ, the Creator and Saviour Logos..............................................................................p.

    1 - 3

    4 - 42

    4 - 11

    12 - 31

    31 - 42

    43 - 257

    44 - 213

    44 - 71

    71 - 81

    82 - 104

    105 - 118

    119 - 136

    136 - 161

    161 - 188

    188 - 198

    198 - 213

    214 - 257

    214 - 223

    224 - 236

    236 - 257

    .......................p.

    .........p.

  • Part II

    Modern Cosmological Conceptions..............................................................p.

    Chapter III

    Historical Review over the Autonomous Cosmology since the Early Beginning till Today

    1. Cosmological Conception in Antiquity................................................................. p.

    2. Cosmological Conceptions in the Middle Ages.................................................... p.

    3. Change of the Ptolemaic Geocentric Vision on the World in the Cosmology of the Renaissance and of the Modern Time.........................................................p.

    4. The Beginning of Teaching the Modern Cosmology in the Patriarchal Schools and Princely Academies in Wallachia and Moldova............................................. p.

    5. Cosmology in the Enlightenment Epoch in the Hellenic Space........................... p.

    6. Cosmology in the Modern Epoch..........................................................................p.

    Chapter IV

    Evolutionist cosmologies from an Orthodox point of view

    1. Darwinism and the dialectic atheism.....................................................................p.

    2. Big Bang Theory and its Development in the 20th Century............................. p.

    3. Evolutionism and Creationism.............................................................................. p.

    4. Cosmology of Teilhard de Chardin from Scientific and Orthodox Dogmatic........................................................................p.

    5. Theonomous Patristic Cosmology in the Interpretation of Father DumitruSt\niloae Compared to the Autonomous Rationalist Cosmologies.......................p.

    Conclusions............................................................................................................ p.

    Bibliography...........................................................................................................p.

    I. Sources................................................................................................................... p.

    II. Dictionaries, Encyclopedias..................................................................................p.

    III. Books, studies and articles.................................................................................. p.

    Statement.................................................................................................................p.

    Curriculum Vitae................................................................................................... p.

    258 - 454

    259 - 359

    259 - 272

    272 - 283

    284 - 305

    305 - 325

    325 - 346

    346 - 359

    360 - 454

    360 - 373

    374 - 386

    386 - 415

    415 - 445

    445 - 454

    455 - 462

    463 - 490

    463 - 466

    466

    466 - 490

    491

    492-493

    ..............................p.

    ........p.

  • Key Words

    1. God

    2. Jesus Christ

    3. Bible, the Holy Scriptures

    4. Holy Fathers

    5. Holy Tradition

    6. Theology

    7. Stniloae

    8. Science

    9. Cosmology

    10. Theonomous

    11. Autonomous

    12. Creation

    13. Creationism

    14. Evolutionism

    15. World

    16. Time

    17. Rationalism

    18. Man

  • 1

    Foreword

    Rev. Dumitru Stniloae has always been concerned with the study of theology, so that he

    bequeathed us a vast, rich and deep work. His work is a creative neo-patristic synthesis, in which

    the dogmas of faith, liturgical life and mystic experience intertwine and emphasise one another.

    The good understanding of theology as science of salvation and eternal life is an essential

    element of his theological thought.1 Today, the theology of Father Dumitru Stniloae means to

    rediscover the patristic theology and open to the dialogue between theology and science of the

    Christian thinker. The theology on the creation of the world of Rev. Prof. Dumitru Stniloae is

    essential in the present context of the discussions concerning the origin of the world and man.

    We see we live a present time impregnated with the persistent systematic effort to

    describe and understand the Universe we live in.2 The work of our great theologian scholar calls

    the Church to a deep dialogue with the contemporary thought, especially with the scholars. For

    Rev. Stniloae, the Church must have today a theology concerned with emphasising the destiny

    of humankind and the sense of history which cannot avoid the contact with the world in which

    people really live their lives. This is why, the Orthodox theology has become together with the

    Western one a theology of the world, and so, coming back to the tradition of the Eastern

    Fathers who had a vision of the cosmos recapitulated in God. From this point of view, the most

    important issue of tomorrows Orthodox theology will be to reconcile the vision on the cosmos

    of the Fathers with the one emerged as a result of the natural sciences Theology must remain

    open to take in both humankind and cosmos; it must take into account both the aspirations of the

    entire humankind and the results of modern science and technology.3

    Tackling The Theology of Creation in Father Dumitru Stniloaes Thought and the

    Conceptions of Modern Cosmology is a very important task for seeing how the greatest

    theologian of the 20th

    century thinks on the basis of the patristic theology concerning the

    Christian cosmology and how it interacts with todays scientific thought rooted in the

    conceptions of modern cosmology. In my doctorate thesis I first presented the theology of

    creation in Father Dumitru Stniloaes thought and then the conceptions of modern cosmology.

    1 Cf. His Eminence Daniel, Metropolitan of Moldova and Bucovina, Theology Science of Salvation and Eternal Life in Rev.

    Stniloaes Thought, in Theology and Life, issue 7 12, Ed. Trinitas. 2 Cf. Dr. Adrian Lemeni, Rzvan Ionescu, Orthodox Theology and Science, Ed. IBMBOR, Bucharest, 2007, p.7. 3 Rev. Prof. Dr. Dumitru Stniloae, Theology and the Church, pp. 224, 226 (1880), apud. Nesteruk, Alexei, Universe in

    Communion To a Neo-Patristical Syntheis of Theology and Science, Ed. Curtea Veche, Bucharest, 2000.

  • 2

    To end with