Toussaint Louverture Latin Revolutions

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Toussaint Louverture Latin Revolutions. Saint Dominique. Hispaniola was colonized by the French and the colony was named Saint Dominique Main source of profit was sugar cane Used African slaves to harvest the sugar cane Very labor intensive crop. Treatment of Slaves. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of Toussaint Louverture Latin Revolutions

Toussaint Loverture Latin Revolutions

Toussaint Louverture

Latin RevolutionsHispaniola was colonized by the French and the colony was named Saint DominiqueMain source of profit was sugar caneUsed African slaves to harvest the sugar caneVery labor intensive cropSaint Dominique

White planters were outnumbered by slaves 10 to 1Used violence to control the slaves and prevent rebellionCommon practices of violence were whipping, burning, and castrationEscaped slaves lived in the jungles and survived off of stealing from plantationsConstant importation of new slaves from Africa because of the high death rate

Treatment of SlavesColony was producing 60% of the worlds coffee and 40% of the worlds sugarWord of the French Revolution reached St. Dominique in 1789Planters supported the revolution and wanted St. Dominique to be more independent of French ruleSlaves supported King Louis because they were afraid of the planters having total controlBlack free men on the island began pushing for better treatment of slaves and more equality for free blacksSeveral were violently executed by being broken on the wheel

Saint Dominique in 1789

Was born into slavery on St. Domingue, father had been a tribal chief in AfricaReceived a good education from his godfather and Jesuit missionariesWas freed in 1776, but worked on the plantation and an important overseer and advisorMarried in 1782 and bought a small plantationAcquired a small fortune before the Haitian RevolutionToussaints Early Life

Free blacks demanded plantation owners recognize the Rights of ManPlanters refused and many reform seeking free blacks were executedThese executions ignited slave rebellions across the island in 1791.Spanish and British forces also attempted to conquer the island during the turmoil.The Haitian Revolution became a 4 way war for the island: The slaves, British, Spanish, and French all fought for control.The Haitian Rebellion

Toussaint organized over 100,000 slaves into an armyFocused on discipline and respect, they did not slaughter or butcher the enemy forcesAgreed to help the French take back St. Dominiquethe French promised to free all the slaves in returnToussaint and his forces defeat the Spanish and BritishSt. Dominique came back under French control in 1801, but all the slaves were freedToussaint Takes CommandNapoleon sent 27,000 French troops to betray Toussaint, take back St. Dominique, and re-establish slaveryToussaint attempted to negotiate a peace, but was arrested and sent to France where he died in prisonHaitians continued the fight without Toussaint and defeated the French24,000 French soldiers died and Haiti won its independenceIndependence

Most of South America was under Spanish colonial ruleNationalists and revolutionaries in many South American countries were inspired by the ideas and successes of the American, French, and Haitian RevolutionsThe birth of so many new independent nations in the Western Hemisphere led to the creation of the Monroe DoctrineThe Monroe Doctrine was written by the US government and said that the United States would not tolerate any European interference in the Western HemisphereLatin America