Full Name: Nelson Rolihlahla MandelaBorn : 18 July 1918, South AfricaDeath: 5 December 2013 Nick Name: MadibaFather: Gadla Henry served
as chief of the town of Mvezo,Mother: Nosekeni Fanny,His Hero of life: Paun Robenson
(a musician) Idiology: anti-racism, nationalistHis Signature:
Mandela begin actively participate in politics from 1952.He led prominently in the ANC's(Afrikaner-dominated National Party) 1952 Defiance Campaign.In 1955,he led ”Congress of the People”, whose adoption of the Freedom Charter provided the fundamental basis of the anti-apartheid cause.Mandela and 150 others were arrested on 5 December 1956 and charged with treason.Mandela starts a law firm & provide free or low-cost help to many black people.
Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act 55 of 1949, between whites and people of other races.“Unlawful racial intercourse" and “Any immoral or indecent act" between a White and Black African. Blacks were not allowed to run businesses or professional practices in areas designated as "white South Africa" unless they had a permit. Black buses stopped at black bus stops and White buses at white ones. Trains, hospitals and ambulances were segregated.
1940's to 1990’s Apartheid System in South Africa
Long unsuccessful walkNelson Mandela was put in jail for fighting apartheid.When in jail for 27 years, Mandela was offered time and again his freedom if he would simply renounce the violence. He never did.From 1964 to 1990, Mandela was imprisoned for opposing South Africa's white minority government and its policy of racial separation, known as apartheid.During prison years Works with hard labor and no outside visitors & His mother and son dieMandela never lost hopeMandela a follower of Mahatma Gandhi's Concepts.
On 2 February 1990, State President F.W. de Klerk reversed the ban on the ANC and other anti-apartheid organizations, and announced that Mandela would shortly be released from prison.After released from prison elected president in 1994Reconciled white and black factionsOn the day of his release, Mandela made a speech to the nation.He declared his commitment to peace and reconciliation with the country's white minority.He also said his main focus was to bring peace to the black majority and give them the right to vote in both national and local elections.
South Africa's president FW de Klerk poses with Nelson Mandela in Cape Town's government residence on February 9 1990.
Release (Turning A New Leaf)
Presidency of South AfricaSouth Africa's first multi-racial elections were held on 27 April 1994.ANC won 62% of the votes in the election, and Mandela, as leader of the ANC, was inaugurated on 10 May 1994 as the country's first black President.During his time as president he fought against racism and apartheid's “I will pass through this world but once, and I do not want to divert my attention from my task, which is to unite the nation.”
Nelson Mandela and FW De Klerkreceive the Nobel Peace prize in 1992
Nelson Mandela Statue in London Parliament Square
First black President of South Africa.Nobel Peace Prize award.South Africa's 'Father of the Nation‘Streets and bridges named in his honour.The Nelson Mandela Stadium.The Nelson Mandela Museum.The Nelson Mandela Children's Fund.The Nelson Mandela Foundation.‘Mandela Day’ ( July 18 ) & etc.,
Mandela has received more than 50 International honorary degrees from Universities.
Postage Stamps & Coins
1995 Rugby World Cup Rugby World Cup won by unite South AfricaMandela thanked Pienaar for all he had done for their country, Pienaar responded, “No Mr. President, thank you for all you have done for our country.”“Our whole nation stood behind a sport which was once a symbol of apartheid.”
« I’m the master
of my fate;I’m the captain
of my soul
Film "Invictus" tells the story of President Nelson Mandela and how he united South Africans, black and white, behind the South African rugby team during the Rugby World Cup in 1995
He decided not to stand for a second term and retired in 1999He joins & started many social and human rights organizationsMake Poverty History movementSouth Africa's most successful charitable sports gathering “The Nelson Mandela Invitational charity golf tournament”Mandela is a vocal supporter of SOS Children's Villages, the world's largest organization dedicated to raising orphaned and abandoned children.
Quotes by Nelson
After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.
Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.
It always seems impossible until its done.
The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.
Real leaders must be ready to sacrifice all for the freedom of their people.
Do not judge me by my successes, judge me by how many times I fell down and got back up again.
Everyone can rise above their circumstances and achieve success if they are dedicated to and passionate about what they do.
“I Have Fought Against White Domination, And I Have
Fought Against Black Domination. I Have Cherished The Ideal
Of A Democratic And Free Society In Which All Persons Live
Together In Harmony And With Equal Opportunities. It Is An
Ideal Which I Hope To Live For And To Achieve. But If Needs
Be, It Is An Ideal For Which I Am Prepared To Die”