Vance Tweaks in Final

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<ul><li><p>7/27/2019 Vance Tweaks in Final</p><p> 1/6</p><p>66 S Ar, Obr 2013 Photograph by Tktk Tktk</p></li><li><p>7/27/2019 Vance Tweaks in Final</p><p> 2/6</p><p>Obr 2013, SAr. 67</p><p>In 2008 It seemed lIke Erq -</p><p> rl bk pk.</p><p>A vr prr llr bl</p><p> M lr pr</p><p>vr, b r r</p><p>p, . I k </p><p>M 23M lbrr </p><p>l r r</p><p> prlv pr, -</p><p>b r .</p><p>I , </p><p>l M b r-</p><p>, bk Nr r-</p><p>l, kk r rvl</p><p>r T. b</p><p> pr vv ppl </p><p>plr r </p><p> vlp -</p><p>q r, bl</p><p>prbl, vr </p><p>lvk.</p><p>T , bl </p><p>r . Mr Tr</p><p>T L, pr </p><p>p 2 b p pr-</p><p>pr M rvl l U.S.</p><p> vr. Ibl T L, </p><p>pr br </p><p> pbl Nature Biotechnol-</p><p>ogy, pr r. A</p><p>Er Vl rz, r </p><p> M b r</p><p>p bl prl</p><p>l, r r </p><p>b .</p><p>Ev M vr </p><p> b r. Fr r prr</p><p> , vr l pr-</p><p>Te nation is poised to expodeinto te information eonomyand yet stbborny refses to do so</p><p>By Erik Vance</p><p>Why cant</p><p>mexicomake sciencepay off?</p><p>state of the</p><p>worlds scIence2013</p><p>tec hnology</p><p>transfer</p></li><li><p>7/27/2019 Vance Tweaks in Final</p><p> 3/6</p><p>68 S Ar, Obr 2013</p><p>vl b ll </p><p>p lk r l</p><p> M rp l</p><p> ll lr rr </p><p>r p lbr. T vr</p><p>v bk p r</p><p> , rb $500,000 r </p><p> kk-r b.</p><p>I . M, </p><p>, rl l-</p><p>l. T r r r,</p><p> l r bkrp. T</p><p>br r r</p><p>pr .</p><p>H l p </p><p> r p-</p><p>p ? T </p><p> l ll l-</p><p>r v r </p><p> p-</p><p>, rr Sl Vll </p><p> pr. Dp vbr -</p><p> rr , M r</p><p> rl k-</p><p> l ll pr, -</p><p>l r-p. M </p><p>l l- rl </p><p>brk r r l p</p><p> l pr. pr-</p><p>p r r r,</p><p>M b p </p><p>pl r </p><p> bbrl r .</p><p>VIBRANT AND BOGGED DOWN</p><p>M b vlp-</p><p> pr r r. T Nl</p><p>A Uvr M</p><p>(UNAM) r r</p><p>M l l b-</p><p> Wr Hpr, </p><p>r 300,000 , </p><p>l rr r. Ar v-</p><p>r r, 130,000 r </p><p> r r M</p><p>l vr r. M </p><p>v rl lr lv </p><p>br-rl pll lp </p><p> z l.</p><p>A l vr rbl</p><p>, M </p><p> v ll </p><p>r r p b. Ar</p><p> Cl r pp l. rzl</p><p>p r </p><p> l, vr r</p><p> rk r M. S</p><p>Kr 10 </p><p>pr p U.S. vr, Tr-</p><p>k pbl l .</p><p>Ml rr r r </p><p>rpp r M r,</p><p>rrp rp, p </p><p> b r l rp.</p><p>T zpr ql M-</p><p> v </p><p>b b pr rl</p><p>l Erq N pr-</p><p>l plr. H pr r</p><p>ll M, lv</p><p> v-, kl-b</p><p>. H pl r </p><p>M p plr 0.4 pr </p><p>r pr </p><p>l. T U.S. p v </p><p> GD.</p><p> M v </p><p> pr r pr </p><p>j . Iv M </p><p>pp r r : </p><p>b, v l </p><p>r ; l, -</p><p> r r </p><p>p ll br r-</p><p>; , l</p><p> b . </p><p>r prbl l , </p><p> ll r r r.</p><p>STuck IN ThE MIDDlE</p><p>By the time Reynaud prr</p><p> p rl vr-</p><p> v , r k</p><p> ll l pr. T</p><p>lk prv vr kp </p><p>f l r bl. r</p><p> . M v-</p><p> p l rp </p><p> r. W </p><p>r l, k r </p><p>lr r r.</p><p>T r r b</p><p> r. T </p><p>rk p l p-</p><p>, . T lv rv</p><p>p. I </p><p>r vr M, r</p><p>r pp fr r</p><p> k b.</p><p>Lk prbl.</p><p>M $1.2-rll </p><p>rl 10 lr rrk-</p><p>bl rp r l 3.5 pr-</p><p> r. Crl Sl, l</p><p> rl, M. Y </p><p> p pr r</p><p> r 20 pr l</p><p>pr r p pr r-</p><p>k b pll r r r-pr</p><p>lr rp k.</p><p>T k </p><p> r vr pl</p><p> k U.S. I Clr</p><p> lr, vr pl r</p><p> l br r </p><p> r kp v.</p><p>T r r</p><p>l k lb </p><p>vr pr. Crll, </p><p>bl l p </p><p> ll vr k</p><p> pl lk l.</p><p>M prv p</p><p> . T r r j 15 r </p><p>vr-pl M. T </p><p> prv r r</p><p> 2008, b l r l b -</p><p>r r plr. All l, r</p><p>v $469 ll 25 prj </p><p>i v ub</p><p>w, m d u vd u b.</p></li><li><p>7/27/2019 Vance Tweaks in Final</p><p> 4/6</p><p>Obr 2013, SAr. 69</p><p>SOURCE:http://StatS.O</p><p>ECd.O</p><p>Rg</p><p>Graphic by Pitch Interactive</p><p>2011. T Ar l v $2.2</p><p>bll r qrr r.</p><p>S k vr pl,</p><p> bk vr,</p><p> prv r $500,000. </p><p>vr r rrbl vr pl-</p><p>, M p. T</p><p> bzrrl r p. -</p><p> p bll r </p><p>r ( </p><p>r r vr prv l)</p><p> rbr r r .</p><p>T v rr , p</p><p> j pl p </p><p>r r r . I l</p><p>p l lb rr</p><p> rl pr. A v</p><p>, p </p><p>l lr b rbr.</p><p>Mv p Nl r</p><p>l Tl rpr</p><p>r lk bl &amp;D b-</p><p> l r l b p</p><p>l. r bl r-p lv-</p><p>falling BehinD:</p><p>m wd</p><p>10- ,</p><p>d w </p><p> 3.5 -</p><p> . y </p><p>u d </p><p>d du </p><p> d dv-</p><p>, v </p><p> ubd</p><p> u s</p><p>d i.</p><p> , rr</p><p>r . l p</p><p> l l-</p><p>l br r b vr</p><p> pr .</p><p>Dp ppr pr </p><p> r r , </p><p> r Dbr 2012. I</p><p> , pr,</p><p>r , r rk </p><p>kll vr l-</p><p>l r lp. T -</p><p> l , bl b </p><p>r 1,000 p r p.</p><p>UNAM rbl -</p><p>. r b k </p><p>1</p><p>2</p><p>3</p><p>4</p><p>5</p><p>6</p><p>7</p><p>8</p><p>9</p><p>10</p><p>11</p><p>12</p><p>13</p><p>14</p><p>15</p><p>16</p><p>17</p><p>18</p><p>19</p><p>20</p><p>21</p><p>22</p><p>23</p><p>24</p><p>25</p><p>26</p><p>27</p><p>28</p><p>29</p><p>30</p><p>31</p><p>32</p><p>33</p><p>34</p><p>1</p><p>2</p><p>3</p><p>4</p><p>5</p><p>6</p><p>7</p><p>8</p><p>9</p><p>10</p><p>11</p><p>12</p><p>13</p><p>14</p><p>15</p><p>16</p><p>17</p><p>18</p><p>19</p><p>20</p><p>PERC ENT OF GDPSPENT ON R&amp;D, 2011</p><p>TOP EC ONOMIES , 2013 *</p><p>*According to the OECDResearch and Development</p><p>Statistics (RDS) database,which is made up primarily ofOECD member countries.Economy ranking is based on</p><p>2005 purchasing power parity.Certain provisions apply.</p><p>state of the</p><p>worlds scIence2013</p></li><li><p>7/27/2019 Vance Tweaks in Final</p><p> 5/6</p><p>70 S Ar, Obr 2013</p><p>lk, br bl -</p><p>k, r l</p><p> r b</p><p>. T q v-</p><p>r pl, Crl Srz,</p><p> vr rk b Sl-</p><p> Vll M.</p><p>STAllED AT ThE START</p><p>in some ways, lk. A</p><p>l vr </p><p> b br r r.</p><p>M vr v r</p><p>b r lrl p-</p><p>: r r l-</p><p> rr pl </p><p>r br r.</p><p>W M p r-</p><p>r lv prbl, </p><p>lk U.S. r Erp p r</p><p>l. Tr </p><p>b r vlp -</p><p>l M, lr Alr,</p><p>rr Evr M, M-</p><p> br Evr Glbl r-</p><p>z, pr v </p><p> vlp rl. Wv vr</p><p>vv l b -</p><p>l pr r rl ll.</p><p>A r r </p><p>[r M b] , ll?</p><p>Ar M? I </p><p>v pbl? W r k</p><p> b l r</p><p>r l.</p><p>Slrl, M </p><p> r p</p><p>br br br . T</p><p> Hr M O . A</p><p> r M O, p</p><p> rr </p><p>M b rrl lv Ir-</p><p>l, p rl </p><p> b r l-</p><p> rpr rr (</p><p>l v p l). H</p><p> vlp </p><p>r M vr lbrr</p><p> Qrr.</p><p> vr </p><p> rk . Tr r pr-</p><p>r r rl prr </p><p>rprr, l k r</p><p> p. H r</p><p>r r vr M. M-</p><p> O, pr r -</p><p>, r r l j r l-</p><p>r. T </p><p>M r r r r</p><p> rpl [ pl] , </p><p>. 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Ar 23 r l, </p><p> r b prr rv, </p><p>r p r r.</p><p>Sk z </p><p> M C, </p><p>lr ll b r r r r.</p><p>H rll Hrr Sbk, </p><p>Uvr W </p><p>1923 rr , v D</p><p> lp r </p><p>Wv v vv</p><p> bd artifcial intelligence. Andthe frst reaction we get [ mbu] , r? aw d m?i v b?</p></li><li><p>7/27/2019 Vance Tweaks in Final</p><p> 6/6</p><p>Obr 2013, SAr. 71</p><p>rk, p l </p><p> v ll r r r -</p><p>r. Thatsr v.</p><p> I p </p><p> , I p. Fr</p><p>brk vI p, .</p><p>Tr lr l -</p><p> p . Y k</p><p>l r ll [rr]</p><p>b r pr.</p><p>RISk-AVERSE culTuRE</p><p>PeRhaPs the Biggest bl M</p><p> vr lr rk.</p><p>I Clr Sl Vll, lr </p><p>r pp- lr -</p><p>. I M, ppl r l </p><p> r v p</p><p> b lk b</p><p>l M, r vr v-</p><p> r r b -</p><p> p </p><p>M, bl Sl, </p><p>Gl M. I rk </p><p>. T I k </p><p>k l---r, l-b--</p><p> .</p><p>T Gl M ll</p><p>l - Clr, bzrrl </p><p> pl rvv M. Sl</p><p> , r pkr </p><p>r vr b Sl</p><p>Vll rprr. H Ar b</p><p>br b v rlrl M</p><p>p l r pr-</p><p>pl. Sl , rll, -</p><p>r b p v b r</p><p> vr ( l </p><p>) r r rr vr</p><p>pl bl rp r-</p><p>pr pl ( Tl).</p><p>T k rk, , r </p><p>v lr rrll</p><p>p r rr.</p><p>l Sl v ll</p><p> r prbl, fbl</p><p>plr r lr. W </p><p>p rk , r</p><p> v v.</p><p> k r</p><p>vr Sr</p><p>Uvr r r </p><p>p. T r br, .</p><p>T rk lr b l r. I</p><p> U.S., r p; </p><p>l [r]? Sr r .</p><p>rp r r, M</p><p>k j 17 p-</p><p> rl l pbl r </p><p>p v r. I r, r</p><p>l r, N Yrk Sk</p><p>E rl 85.</p><p>Ab r vr,</p><p> r p rk</p><p>b lr r M </p><p> pr br r </p><p>rl. M r rr-</p><p> r U.S. </p><p> L Ar r. </p><p>l br, r </p><p>ll bk. O </p><p>r 70 pr M .D.</p><p> p lv.</p><p>T N vr -</p><p> prbl. Dr 2012</p><p>p, rprv </p><p>pl r vrl v</p><p>rrr/p rk l </p><p>lp M lv br r</p><p>prr r v lr </p><p>bk . Ep vr p -</p><p>vr lbrr, M -</p><p> p lr </p><p>rr U.S.</p><p>I I l rk rr r </p><p>M l ll </p><p> I , I </p><p>.D. r I pl,</p><p>I l v M, </p><p>bl Mz, pr M-</p><p> Tl NrkU.K. I l</p><p>v pbl rr -</p><p> l v pl </p><p> r r, </p><p>l bk.</p><p>T pr b </p><p>r r . Evr M</p><p> I pk r p</p><p> ppr M</p><p>. Dz p ,</p><p>k Mz, lk M r-</p><p>rr rprr r N</p><p>Zl Gr.</p><p>GREEN ShOOTS</p><p>tRue to mexicos zpr r,</p><p> l pr r -</p><p>br r. Ar </p><p>New York Times, 2012 M </p><p> lr prr IT r-</p><p>v rl, j b I,</p><p> lpp C. pl </p><p> l Trv, CEO r-</p><p>l IT r Sk, r v</p><p> M vr bl-</p><p> r .</p><p>I M, rr b </p><p> b Crv </p><p>v r Tl</p><p>r prll r b CONACYT (pr-</p><p> CONE--SEET), M pr-</p><p>r - r (l </p><p> U.S. Nl S F).</p><p>Al r vr</p><p> v, CONA-</p><p>CYT r v vr r-p</p><p>bl M O </p><p>. I, r M ll lkl</p><p>v rl U.S. r </p><p> f v, U.S. ll b</p><p>rl M r l pr-</p><p> rp pr v.</p><p>M r </p><p> ll N </p><p>p pr v. H</p><p> p l k r,</p><p>Sl Vll lr. A ,</p><p>vr, br pr pr</p><p> rl r r </p><p>70 r, l CONACYT </p><p>r pll vr </p><p>rr, rprrl vl </p><p>Sl Vll.</p><p> N l r.</p><p>I rr br, M r brk-</p><p> r vr---</p><p> l rk </p><p>. A rl r -</p><p>l bl. , r</p><p>, r v p. Tr </p><p>l r pr ll l,</p><p> prbbl ll l</p><p>p [r $115,000], . W</p><p>r vr l Vl-</p><p>l D, rrr p</p><p>b lbrr rk.</p><p>Wl ? Y, .</p><p>Y, I l I r .</p><p>Iv lr , </p><p>ll b r. T l </p><p>rv l.</p><p>m O R E t O E x p l O R E</p><p>A Special Report on Mexico: From Darkness, Dawn.The Economist; Noveber 24, 2012.www.economist.com/news/special-report/21566773-after-years-underachievement-and-rising-violence-mexico-last-beginning</p><p>SCI ENTIFI C AM ERI CAN ON LINE</p><p>For ore on he sae of he words science, go o ScientifcAmerican.com/oct2013/global-science</p><p>state of the</p><p>worlds scIence2013</p></li></ul>