Atlantic to Pacific1783 1853 not in bookpgs. 221 223 283 291 296 Western Trails MapPg. 283
NATIONAL EXPANSIONISM TEST
Advance to the Mississippi (1783)Manifest DestinyWestern Trail BlazersOregon Explorers / SettlersTexas Independence and AnnexationThe War Against MexicoWestward Expansion / Settlement
Manifest Destiny First coined by newspaper editor, John OSullivan in 1845. ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and development of self-government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth." A myth of the West as a land of romance and adventure emerged.
American Progress by John Gast, 1872
1821 Mexican REVOLUTION
Westward Expansion Early Explorers TrappersMountain MenWestward MigrationEarly SettlersTexas IndependenceOregon Territory Conestoga Wagon TrainsMormon SettlementGold DiscoveriesMail routes/Pony ExpressTranscontinental Railroad
Westward Expansion Early Explorers Lewis & ClarkZeb Pike TrappersHudson Bay Co.American Fur Co.Rocky Mt. Fur Co.Mountain MenJed SmithJosiah WalkerSurveyors/ScoutsJohn C. Fremont
The Oregon Trail Albert Bierstadt, 1869
Oregon Country - Russia, Spain, Britain and United StatesColumbia River John Gray (early)Lewis & Clark - Sacajawea1818 49th BorderAdams-Onis Treaty (1819) boundary, Spain1824 Russia surrenders claim below Alaska
Mountain Men- fur traders, trappers, missionaries into OregonWhitman Mission settlement Later Measles will spread Overland Trails - Oregon Trail (4-6mth) -mountain passes 2,000miles 1841 Fremont Charting Expedition map printed & followed by thousands of settlersPrairie Schooners
Between 1840 and 1860, more than 250,000 people made the trek westward.
The Oregon Dispute: 54 40 or Fight! By the mid-1840s, Oregon Fever was spurred on by the promise of free land. The joint British - U. S. occupation ended in1846.
MANIFEST DESTINYEarly history develops John Q. Adams expansion to the pacific a law of nature1840 NY newspaper- John OSullivanMANIFEST DESTINYNATIONAL MISSIONFifty-Four Forty or Fight1846 settle at 49Settles Oregon Issue
April, 1846 April, 1847
The Doomed Donner PartyJames Reed & Wife Margaret Patrick John Breen Breen Breen Of the 83 members of the Donner Party, only 45 survived to get to California!CANNIBALISM ! !
NATIONAL EXPANSIONISM TEST
Advance to the MississippiManifest DestinyWestern Trail BlazersOregon Explorers / SettlersTexas Independence and AnnexationThe War Against MexicoWestward Expansion / Settlement
Spains N. AmericanEmpireSpainss Control in Southwest weakens (Comanche & Apache Treaty)California (fear of Russia/England) Missions & Presidios (forts)Indian population declines while (Mexican population Increases) = mexican independence
Mexican Independence (1821) 2 Mexicos -Rancheros want trade -encouraged trade with United StatesNewer Mexico more independent, separate wants Trade with the U. S.Santa Fe Trail connects Santa Fe Area of New (Upper) Mexico with Missouri)New Mexico, Utah, California, Texas had closer ties to U.S. than with OldMexico