According to Wikipedia: Open science is the umbrella term of the movement to make scientific research, data and dissemination accessible to all levels of an inquiring society, amateur or professional. It encompasses practices such as publishing open research, campaigning for open access, encouraging scientists to practice open notebook science, and generally making it easier to publish and communicate scientific knowledge. Here (in this remixed on purpose) we will explore some of the key dimensions and opportunities behind the open science and its opportunities for digital scholars.
Text of digital scholarship: how open publication and co-creation could transform science
how open publication and co-creation
could transform science @cristobalcobo
Oxford Internet Institute, Oxford University, England
3 JISC. (2012, September 4). Amberthomas openness he. Technology. Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/16znWvI
13 Ron Mader. (2013, July 21). Set the default to open #openaccess #oer #openjournalism. Technology.
Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/14BTtRN
Cameron Neylon. (2011, July 4). Open Research: Pipedream or growing
reality. Education. Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/16zm85S
18 Source: Cameron Neylon. (2009, January 29). Open Access, Open Data. Open Research? Retrieved from http://
26 Julien Sicot. (20131). Open Science, Open Access, Science2.0 : de nouvelles modalités pour... Technology.
Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/14BSxNm
29 Carl-Christian Buhr. (2012, October 22). Open Science at the European Commission. Technology.
Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/14BTKEm
Two features define an open-‐access publica3on: 1. Published contents are freely accessible through Internet. 2. Readers are given copyright permission to republish or reuse the content as they like so long as the author and publisher receive proper aOribu3on.
Why Full Open Access Ma<ers
What is open access? (that does not mean openly licensed)
All Rights Reserved
Least restricAve à Most restricAve hOp://www.slideshare.net/mrgarin/o-‐a-‐w-‐e-‐e-‐k2009
32 john wilbanks. (2010, March 2). Nfais Wilbanks. News & Politics. Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/14BUs4o
Open source software
Two relevant dimensions: knowledge generation (wikis,
e-science, online education, distributed R&D, open
innovation, open science, peer-based production, UGC)
+ new models of knowledge distribution (e-journals,
open repositories, open licenses, dataweb archive). 50
••Today's initiatives in cyber- infrastructure, e-
Science, e-Humanities or e-Learning emerged
from a period combining technological advances
and economic-institutional redefinitions (Borgman, 2007)
•Exponential transformation of information is
remarkable from the quantitative perspective,
but also there fragmentation of mechanisms to
create, access and distribute information. 52
••New modes of scholarship of collaborative,
trans-disciplinary and computationally
engaged research, teaching and publication. (Burdick, et al, 2012).
•••Digital scholarship communities collaborate in
dynamic, flexible/open-ended networks, exchanging
in innovation, creativity/co-authoring.
(i.e open Science Federation)
•Radical decentralization: Open values, ideology
and potential of technologies born of peer-to-
peer networking and wiki-ways. (Benkler, 2006)
i.e. BioMed Central, Public Library of Science
connect supply and demand
DOAJ - OCW
First Monday: (1ST of its kind) 15-‐year-‐old open access journal about the internet.
PLoS ONE: peer-‐reviewed, open-‐access resource from the Public Library Of Science
SciELO -‐ ScienAfic Electronic Library Online (1998): facilitate coopera3ve electronic publishing of scien3fic (peer review) journals. SiELO network (federa3on) is based on na3onal infrastructures (future sustainability). Goal: To foster the na3onal scien3fic research (expanding the visibility, accessibility and credibility) of the LA&C scien3fic publica3ons.
SciElo enables: -‐ Searching, -‐ Preserving and -‐ Monitoring scien3fic literature. It includes over 760 journals, ~300,000 ar3cles. Impact factor: Over 6 million granted cita3on. Over than 12 million ar3cles accessed per month.
SiELO: Compa3ble with interna3onal standards (Web of Science, Scopus, Crossref, Google Scholar, PubMed, DOAJ).
15 na3ons + South-‐South Coopera3on
59 Source: Cameron Neylon. (2010, January 22). Science in the Open. Business & Mgmt.
Retrieved from http://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/science-in-the-open?from_search=2
80 Jonathan Eisen. (2012, July 13). Jonathan Eisen talk on “Open Science” at #BOSC2012
#ISMB. Entertainment. Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/16znpdq
Money raising efforts
Immobilism ‒ Lobby
False positive: 1. Lack of peer review or quality
2. Only Journal copyright protects authors
3. Poor distribution
82 Björn Brembs. (2011, August 30). What’s wrong with scholarly publishing today? II. Business &
Mgmt. Retrieved from http://slidesha.re/14BT7L5
Where you publish is
more important to us
than what you
that can be
counted counts, and
not everything that
counts can be
Current tensions that face the
• • Tradition (800 centuries and counting......)
• • Proprietary value of information.
• • Revenues (sure?)
• • Plagiarism (yes, but...)
• • Misunderstanding (access vs open or
• • Funding model
The WWW enables global exchange and wealth of knowledge (par3cularly by amateurs). Academic communi3es have their preferen3al aOachments (i.e JCR journals)
such as academic visibility or digital influence).
Sources Cameron Neylon. (2010, January 22). Science in the Open. Business & Mgmt. Retrieved from hOp://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/science-‐in-‐the-‐open?from_search=2 Cameron Neylon. (2009, January 29). Open Access, Open Data. Open Research? Retrieved from hOp://www.slideshare.net/CameronNeylon/open-‐access-‐open-‐data-‐open-‐research-‐presenta3on?from_search=1 Julien Sicot. (2013, May 21). Open Science, Open Access, Science2.0 : de nouvelles modalités pour... Technology. Retrieved from hOp://www.slideshare.net/jsicot/open-‐science-‐open-‐access-‐science20-‐de-‐nouvelles-‐modalits-‐pour-‐la-‐communica3on-‐scien3fique?from_search=3 Björn Brembs. (2011, August 30). What’s wrong with scholarly publishing today? II. Business & Mgmt. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/14BT7L5 Ron Mader. (2013, July 21). Set the default to open #openaccess #oer #openjournalism. Technology. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/14BTtRN Carl-‐Chris3an Buhr. (2012, October 22). Open Science at the European Commission. Technology. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/14BTKEm John Wilbanks. (2010, March 2). Nfais Wilbanks. News & Poli3cs. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/14BUs4o Cameron Neylon. (2011, July 4). Open Research: Pipedream or growing reality. Educa3on. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/16zm85S Jonathan Eisen. (2012, July 13). Jonathan Eisen talk on “Open Science” at #BOSC2012 #ISMB. Entertainment. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/16znpdq JISC. (2012, September 4). Amberthomas openness he. Technology. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/16znWvI Cornelius Puschmann. (2008). New Paradigms In Scholarly CommunicaRon (Ibm). Technology. Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/16zocuJ Björn Brembs. (2009, January 21). ReputaRon, authority and incenRves. Or: How to get rid of the Imp... Retrieved from hOp://slidesha.re/16zoylf