Gardening with Native Plants - Container Gardening

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Gardening with Native Plants - Container Gardening

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  • 1.ContainerGardenin g with Native PlantsButterfly Weed (Asclepias tuberosa)

2. What exactly is a Native Plant? Native Plants are the species that occur naturally in a given area. Native Plants include ferns, grasses, water and marsh plants, herbaceous perennials, shrubs, trees and vines. There are so many choices! They come in many colors, shapes and sizes. Great Blue Lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica) 3. Why Containers? Physical limitations Low maintenance Easy access Landscape limitationsPropagationPurple Coneflower (Echinacea purpurea) Coreopsis (lanceolata) -You can separate some of your perennials annually and gift or plant in your landscape. Recycle -Great way to reuse many household items 4. Containers 101 Plan your container Determine light and moisturerequirements Select type of containerMix soil and any soilamendments neededaccording to VTErecommendationsVirginia Sweetspire (Itea virginica) 5. Little Bluestem(Schizachyrium scoparium)About Small, non-spreading grass with blue-green leaves thatturn reddish orange in the fallFluffy silver seed heads are ornamental through winterGrows to 2-3 X 1Full SunWell drained, dry soilBenefitsDeer resistantDrought tolerantAttracts butterflies and birdsUsesDried flowersCut flowersRock gardensBonsaiCompanionsButterfly MilkweedPale purple coneflowerStiff Goldenrod 6. Woodland Phlox (Phlox paniculata)About Partial to Full Shade Average Size 6-1.5 Average to moist soil Prefers Organically rich soilBenefits Attracts Hummingbirds and Butterflies Beautiful Spring FlowersCompanion Plants Virginia Bluebells Christmas Fern Goats Beard 7. Madienhair Fern (Adiantum pedatum) AboutFull Shade/Deep ShadeModerate MoistureOrganically rich soilDeciduous Height 18-2FactsCan be divided in Autumn or Winter Maidenhair fern is the source of a pleasantly aromatic volatile oil long used as a rinse or shampoo that rendered black hair very shiny, hence the name Maidenhair. The tough, water-repellant, shiny black stems were used by Native American peoples in basket weaving. 8. Where Can I PurchaseNative Plants Locally?Colonial Nursery WilliamsburgSassafras Farm GloucesterCookes Garden WilliamsburgLet it Grow WilliamsburgHomestead Garden Center Toano 2011 Native Plant SalesJohn Clayton Chapter/Native Plant Society 4-30-11Virginia Living Museum 4-16 & 4-17 & 4-23-11 9. Where Can I See Native Plants? VIMS Teaching Marsh Williamsburg Botanical Garden Melissas Meadow at William & Mary Stonehouse Elementary School W&M Wildflower Refuge Virginia Living Museum New Quarter Park Norfolk Botanical Garden Lewis Ginter Botanical Garden JCC Human Services (Master Gardener Project) 10. Websites of Note www.wildflower.org Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center site has excellent articles on gardening with natives, including guidelines for container gardening www.nps.gov/plants/pubs/chesapeake/ Web and PDF versions of handbook, Native Plants for Wildlife Habitat and Conservation Landscaping, Chesapeake Bay Watershed, now out of print. www.claytonvnps.org John Clayton Chapter, Virginia Native Plant Society, extensive plant lists by county, excellent photo gallery. www.dgif.virginia.gov/habitat Extensive how-to information for environmentalBlack Eyed Susan (Rudbeckia heliopsidis) stewardship for homeowners, schools and businesses. www.floraofvirginia.org Comprehensive research project publishing 2012 will describe more than 3,500 native plants with photos and illustrations. 11. Great Resources for Native PlantInformation The Essential GuideVirginia Just updated withHabitatFAQs and a Partnership regional plant list. StateCertification National WildlifeJohn ClaytonFederationChapter140,000+ registered VNPS- Local habitats Experts 12. Why use Native Plants? Want to do less watering? Native plants are survivorsand adapt to whatever is happening in theirenvironment. Feel concerned about excess nitrogen causing algaeblooms in the Chesapeake Bay? Natives dont requirefertilizer. Native Plants provide familiar sources of food andshelter for wildlife. On a broader ecological scale, planting native speciescontributes to the overall health of natural communities.