How Open Badges scaffold a better learning design and improve ePortfolio management

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  1. 1. HowOpenBadgesscaffolda betterlearningdesignand improveePortfoliopractices MaharaHui2015-Auckland Dominique-AlainJAN @dajan|djan@mac.com LeaderoftheFrenchMaharacommunity TELLectureratLausanneUniversityforTeacherTraining
  2. 2. Plan 1. Aboutbadges 1. (Open)Badgesanoldstory 2. AnatomyofaBadge 3. BadgesvsePortfolios 2. ManagingBadges 1. Creating/Issuing/Managingbadges 2. AndbeyondtheOpenBadgePassport 3. HowcanOpenbadgesimprovethelearningexperienceofePs?
  3. 3. AboutBadges HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices?
  4. 4. (Open)Badgesanoldstory Claims: Wehavebeenusingbadgesforalongtimealready Medievalblazon Armyflags Tartan Badgesarepolymorphic Badgescanbeserious
  5. 5. TheaimofOpenBadgesistoallowanyonetobuildand manage a portfolio of assessments and certifications of whathasbeenacquiredthroughlifelonglearning,aswellas formally and informally during leisure activities, self learning,orthroughcharitableactivities DenisLamontagne(2011) OpenBadges:uneinitiative pourlareconnaissancedescomptencestoutaulongdelavie,20/09/11 accdle30/05/14[http://cursus.edu/article/17545/ open-badges-une-initiative-pour-reconnaissance/]
  6. 6. AnatomyofaBadge HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices?
  7. 7. Learningpathway Skillsassessment Badgeissuer Trust Artefacts/ Reflectionfor higher-stake evaluationof learningoutcomes Badgedisplayer
  8. 8. Learningpathway Skillsassessment Badgeissuer Trust Badgestorage Badgemanagement Artefacts/ Reflectionfor higher-stake evaluationof learningoutcomes Badgedisplayer
  9. 9. Learningpathway Skillsassessment Badgeissuer Trust Badgestorage Badgemanagement Artefacts/ Reflectionfor higher-stake evaluationof learningoutcomes Badgedisplayer
  10. 10. BadgeName Description Issuingcriteria Issuer Evidences Validity Issuingdate Image.png
  11. 11. Nomdubadge Description Critresdobtention Emetteur Preuves Datedevalidit Datemission Image.png Image+metadata=badge.png
  12. 12. { "recipient": "djan@mac.com", "evidence": "/badges/economics/macro", "expires": "", "issued_on": "2015-04-08", "badge": { "version": "0.5.0" "name": "Keynesian multiplicator", "image": "/images/macro-keynMultiBase.png", "description": "Explain the effects of public "criteria": "/badges/economics/keynes/multi/", "issuer": { "origin": "http://gymnyon.vd.ch", "name": "gymnyon", "org": "Gymnase de Nyon", "contact": "webmaster@gymnyon.educanet2.ch" } } } +
  13. 13. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship
  14. 14. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship Iamvalidatingyourskill
  15. 15. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship ofknowinghowtodothis
  16. 16. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship onthebasisofthese!
  17. 17. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship Myvalidationisalso representedbythis!
  18. 18. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences Validationrelationship
  19. 19. Image Criteria OwnerIssuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB
  20. 20. Image Criteria Peoplesharingthesame Badge/Pathway/Location Issuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB
  21. 21. Image Criteria SocialNetworkIssuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB
  22. 22. Image Criteria SocialNetworkIssuer Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB Skills Values Attitudes Knowledge
  23. 23. Image Criteria SocialNetwork Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB SemanticNetwork Issuer
  24. 24. Image Criteria SocialNetwork Evidences TheBadgesareaHUB SemanticNetwork Formal/Informal
  25. 25. ePortfoliosvsOpenBadges? HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices?
  26. 26. ePortfolioadoption TheNES(NHSEducationforScotland)ePortfoliohasgrownrapidlysince itsinceptioninAugust2005andnowcomprisesover20versionsforover 35,000healthcaretraineeswithinScotland(Nursing,Midwifery,Dentistry andPharmacy),acrosstheUnitedKingdom(Medicine),andtheRepublic ofIreland(Medicine) Source:http://guide.nhseportfolios.org/walkthrough/Home.aspx
  27. 27. NoteveryonesupportsePortfolio IstartedthispetitionbecauseIbelievetheePortfolioisacompletewasteoftimeand effortforallClemsonstudents.I].Likemostallofmyclassmates,Iputworkintomy classesandreceivegrades,asIshould.Itisassimpleasthat.Whyshouldweberequired tocreateaportfoliothatjustreiteratesthefactthatwehavecompletedacourse?Why shouldwebesubmittingworktoanonlineportfoliothatdoesnotgiveusanycredit?We havetocompletethistograduate?IfIhaveachievedgoodgradesandcompletedthe coursesnecessary,Ishouldbewellonmywaytograduating.TheePortfolioonlycreates anothertaskforstudentstoworryabout,ataskthataccomplishesnothing.Iwrotean essayformyEnglishclass,IgotanAonit,thatledtomereceiveanAinthecourse,andI successfullyearnedthosecredits.NowhereintheredoIseeagapthatmustbefilledin withanePortfolio.Manyofushavefriendsatotherprestigiousuniversities.Notoncehave IheardofanePortfolioassignmentfromanyofthem.Ifirmlybelievethateliminatingthe ePortfolioatClemsonUniversitywilltrulyenablestudentstobemorefocusedontheir actualcourseworkandhaveamorepositivemindsetaboutschool.[] JamieHardingstartedthispetitionPetitionClosed2,954supporterstarget5,000 Source:https://www.change.org/p/clemson-university-eliminate-the-eportfolio
  28. 28. NoteveryonesupportsePortfolio ePortfolios7reasonswhyIdontwantmylifeinashoebox http://donaldclarkplanb.blogspot.com.au/2011/03/e-portfolios-7-reasons-why-i-dont-want.html Bollinger(2010)StudentperceptionsofePortfoliointegrationinonlinecourses Tosh(2005)Engagementwithelectronicportfolios:challengesfromthestudentperspective Shroff(2011)Analysingthetechnologyacceptancemodelinexaminingstudentsbehaviouralintentions tousee-portfoliosystems Tzeng(2011)Perceivedvaluesandprospectiveusers'acceptanceofprospectivetechnology:thecaseof acareereportfoliosystem Jan(2015)ePortfoliotrainedgraduatesintheworkplace:aretheysignificantusersofePortfoliofeatures atthestartoftheircareers?[papertobedeliveredatePIC2015]
  29. 29. ManagingBadgeswithinMahara HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices?
  30. 30. Assignment
  31. 31. Assignment Issuesbadges
  32. 32. Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges
  33. 33. M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer
  34. 34. M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer
  35. 35. M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer
  36. 36. Design Manage Issue Revoke M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer
  37. 37. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges Badgedisplayer
  38. 38. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer
  39. 39. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer
  40. 40. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer
  41. 41. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Badgedisplayer
  42. 42. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer
  43. 43. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer
  44. 44. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer Semantic Network
  45. 45. Design Manage Issue Revoke OverridesMoodlebadges M anagem ent M anagem ent Assignment BadgedisplayerIssuesbadges SendstoMozillabackpack Importbadges Badgedisplayer Semantic Network Social Network
  46. 46. HowOpenbadgescanimprove thelearningexperienceoneP? HowcanOpenBadgesscaffoldabetterlearningdesignandimproveePpractices?
  47. 47. OneCaseStudy Context: HES-SO:HigherEducationinstitutionforHealthcaretraininginFribourg (Switzerland) Newsyllabusfortrainednursestobecomeheadsofdepartmentinhospitals Masterdegree Facetofacetraining(1/3)onlinetraining(2/3) 240creditsECTS! coursework+personalwork TEL Moodle Mahara mandatorytopresentareflexiveandpersonalworkattheendofthetraining(3years) PLE http://www.heds-fr.ch/fr/Pages/default.aspx https://vimeo.com/69882471
  48. 48. OneCaseStudy Exampleofoneinstructiongiventostudents Attheendofyearthreeyoumustsubmityourportfolioforevaluation.This mustcontain: thepersonalandreflexivejournalyouhavewrittenalongsideyourthreeyearsoftraining twoevidencesofattainmentforeachofthesixteenmainskills yourpersonalbiography Thisportfoliorepresents30%ofyourfinalmark
  49. 49. Myquestionsaboutthat Whatisreflexivityinyourcontext? Doyoutrainstudentstohavereflexivepracticeordoyoutakethisforgranted fromtheirpreviousbackground? WillyoutrainstudentstoacquireePpractices? WillyoutrainstudentstouseMahara? WhatinyourviewconstitutesagoodevidenceforinclusioninsomeoneseP? Willyoutrainstudentstoimprovetheirdigitalliteracy? Haveyouallagreedonwhatthe16skillsyouhavetoassessare?
  50. 50. Oneofthe16skills:Reflexivepractice Whatisreflexivepractice? Brainstorming! 7people! 8interpretations Decision: First:wecreateabadgeonreflexivepractice Attheend:wecreate3badgesonreflexivepractice 3levels Oneforeachyear Acknowledgestudentsprogress
  51. 51. Process
  52. 52. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process
  53. 53. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process What? ForWho? How? Badge
  54. 54. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process What? ForWho? How? Badge
  55. 55. (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation Process What? ForWho? How? Result: Intellectually Acomprehensionoftheskill Anagreementontheboundaryobject(Popper) Reification(WengeronCoP) Practically Anagreementonthecompetencesthatcontributeto acquiretheskill Competencesaresimplertoassess Anagreementontheactivitiestodevelopfortraining thestudents(Bloomstaxonomy) Technically Thedecisiononwhatsettingsandtoolsthatmustbe setupforthetasks/activities(multiple/singlejournal, forums,grouppages,) Badge
  56. 56. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation
  57. 57. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation
  58. 58. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/
  59. 59. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/
  60. 60. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/
  61. 61. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/
  62. 62. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/
  63. 63. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ Template Grouppage PLE
  64. 64. Process Badge (1)Reflexion (2)Design (3)Implementation http://learningdesigner.org/ Template Grouppage PLE
  65. 65. Conclusion TheintroductionofOpenBadgeshasimprovedasituationwhere Studentswereconfused Teachersdidntagreeondefinitionsofskills,orqualitystandards Thedesignofactivitieswasnotinrelationwiththeskills By Clarifyingtheobjectives(reification,boundaryobject,Bloomstaxonomy,) Helpinginthedesignofclearevaluationcriteria ProvidinganacceptablelearningcurveinePpractices GivingmentorstimetofeelcomfortablewithTELandeP