In a Japanese Garden : Using Calif. Native Gymnosperms 2013

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Talk covers commonly used CA native conifers (firs, cypress, pines and others) and their use in home and larger gardens. Talk introduces using principles of Japanese gardening in California native gardens.

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  • 1. Out of the Wilds and Into Your GardenGardening with California Native Plants in Western L.A. County Project SOUND 2013 (our 9th year) Project SOUND

2. In a Japanese Garden: Using CA Native Pines, Junipers & Other Gymnosperms C.M. Vadheim and T. Drake CSUDH & Madrona Marsh PreserveMadrona Marsh Preserve December 7 & 10, 2013 Project SOUND 3. 2014: Bringing Nature Home - Lessons from Gardening Traditions Worldwide Project SOUND 4. What do you think of when you hear the words Japanese Garden?http://www.interiorholic.com/outdoors/landscaping/japanesestroll-garden-designs/ Ponds/lakes Streams Waterfalls Japanese lanterns Bridges Green, green & more green Evergreen shrubs & trees Careful, formal pruning Not a leaf in sight Pink/purple flowers Colorful fall leaves Peaceful/meditation Project SOUNDhttp://thephotogardenbee.com/2010/03/01/the-huntingtons-japanese-garden-in-san-marinocalifornia/ 5. There are actually several Japanese garden types/styleshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_gardenhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_gardenPromenade or Stroll GardenDry Zen/meditation Garden Project SOUND 6. Many local Japanese Gardens combine several types/styleshttp://www.culturalnews.com/?p=7620 Project SOUND 7. Earl Burns Miller Japanese Garden CSULB - 1250 N Bellflower Blvd Long Beach http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/28218598.jpg Project SOUND 8. Japanese garden Descanso Gardenshttp://www.descansogardens.org/ Project SOUND 9. Huntington Library 100 years old very established Also the new Chinese Garden Well worth the trip in any seasonhttp://thephotogardenbee.com/2010/03/01/the-huntingtons-japanese-garden-in-san-marino Project SOUND california/ 10. Suiho En, the garden of water and fragrance - Tillman Water Reclamation Plant (Woodley Park, 6100 Woodley Avenue, Van Nuys) 6.5 acres Designed by Dr. Koichi Kawana; constructed 1980-1983. Ranked 10 of300 public Japanese gardens in the United States by the Journal of Japanese Gardening. Includes: a dry Zen meditation garden (Karesansui); large chisen, or "wet strolling" garden with waterfalls, lakes, greenery; an authentic tea house and adjacent tea garden. Project SOUND http://pumpkinmania.blogspot.com/2013/02/a-visit-to-japanese-garden-suiho-en-at.html 11. Can there ever truly be a Japanese Garden in S. California (or outside of Japan, for that matter) ?http://static.panoramio.com/photos/large/28218598.jpg Project SOUND 12. Japans climate is not our climate Much more like the Pacific Northwest or N. CA:http://www.worldpress.org/images/maps/world_600w.jpg More rainfall; higher humidity (fog) Colder in winter Landforms: more vulcanism than tectonic uplifting Forests/mountains/sea more accessible (at least where some of the famous gardens are - can borrow the outside landscapes better than we can)Bottom line: Japan and Japanese culture are quite different Project SOUND 13. But like all gardening traditions, Japanese gardening has lessons to teach ushttp://www.asherbrowne.com/ Project SOUND 14. The Japanese gardening tradition reflects Japanese history Shinto religion: Reverence for the natural world The special holiness of certain places, natural objectshttp://travelpast50.com/roadside-shinto-shrine-nikko-japan/ Need to keep animals (including humans) and other things in or out: Fences & gates separate world into sacred & profane The garden is a place apart from the outside world A retreat that allows for renewal Project SOUNDhttp://www.chinagardensociety-kc.org/ChineseGarden_KC.htm 15. The Japanese gardening tradition reflects Japanese history Influence of China & Korea (~700800 A.D) Gardening traditions go back > 3000 years include large public gardens and small http://www.chinagardensociety-kc.org/ChineseGarden_KC.htm Many elements influenced Japanese gardening tradition: The idea of gardens producing harmony between humans & nature Enclosure: walled gardens Specific elements: ponds, rock works, trees and flowers Winding paths connecting a series of carefully composed scenes Project SOUNDhttp://www.chinatoday.com/culture/chinese_garden.htm 16. The Japanese gardening tradition reflects Japanese history Reverence for tradition and the many 100s of years of formal gardening tradition Importance of studying/ studying with the masters Demographics http://i1100.photobucket.com/albums/g406/kunouero/41R.jpg City life: need to bring nature to people who were becoming removed from it and had leisure to enjoy it Small islands/limited land/growing population the need for retreathttp://farm5.staticflickr.com/4093/4782591223_3e68c8420d_z.jpg Project SOUND 17. Roji (Cha-niwa) Teahouse Gardens Simple, small rustic gardens, often with teahouseshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_gardenhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_garden Purpose: transition path/passage between the mundane cares/ stresses of the secular world and the detached spiritual realm of the tea ceremony Project SOUND http://www.minimalisti.com/architecture/exterior-design-architecture/12/traditional-japanesegarden.html 18. The Tea Garden Evokes the remoteness and tranquility of the mountains, and provides an illusion of depth. Guests are made to feel as if they were walking along a simple mountain path, so the prevailing colors are greens and browns of various shades and intensities. Few exotic/flowering plants would distract Seasons are subtly reflected through autumn leaves or spring buds; variety in diverse shapes and levels of shininess of the leaves. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_garden Project SOUND 19. Storrier Stearns Japanese Garden, Pasadenahttp://japanesegardenpasadena.com/ Project SOUND 20. But how do we apply the principles of Japanese gardening to our own gardens? Project SOUND 21. The lessons of Japanese Gardens are reflected in the essence of the traditionhttp://www.landscapingnetwork.com/garden-styles/asian.htmlhttp://img.photobucket.com/albums/v44/Dragynstorm/Japan2012/Japan20 12_F_57_zps7707e7eb.jpgA garden is at its best when it reflects some of the themes found in nature, yet elevates and interprets those themes into an artful expression of human interaction with the land. Project SOUND 22. The essence of Japanese gardening is to capture the spirit of the natural world in which we live - and bring it home Project SOUND 23. The spirit of Japanese gardening is rooted in a sense of place Project SOUND 24. The essence of nature created in a smaller spacehttp://www.zimbio.com/Gordon+Smith/articles/_2JMBjlKz-1/Nontraditional+Japanese+Garden+Arroyo+Grande So a Japanese-influenced California garden interprets California landscapes and will never look like a Japanese garden in Japan Project SOUND 25. Classical plants for Japanese gardens Trees:Japanese maple Flowering cherry Gingko Podocarpus Shrubs: Bamboo Camellia Azalea Pine Juniperhttp://www.interiorholic.com/outdoors/landscaping/japanese-strollgarden-designs/ Groundcovers & perennials: Asiatic jasmine Star jasmine Ginger Ferns Liriope Thyme Mondo grass Project SOUND http://thephotogardenbee.com/2010/03/01/the-huntingtons-japanese-garden-in-san-marinocalifornia/ 26. Before designing a garden we must first study natural landscapes in detail, to determine the essence of the California landscape Project SOUND 27. Choices for Japanese influenced CA garden N. CA coastal and mountain forests most like Japanese forests S. CA forests drier, but still forest communities More local plant communities Coastal Prairie/shrubland Coastal Sage Scrub Coastal Chaparral (Santa Monica Mtns) Project SOUND 28. First we need to develop a deep understanding of the natural landscape Then we must determine the essence of what makes our California landscape unique Only then can we apply traditional principles for bringing nature home Project SOUND 29. http://gallery.photo.net/photo/15348535-md.jpg Project SOUND 30. N. California evergreen forestshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_California_coastal_fo rests_(WWF_ecoregion)Coastal redwood forestCool, damp, foggy with relatively rich, organic soils Project SOUND 31. Mixed evergreen forestClosed-cone pine forest Project SOUND 32. The essence of the coastal northern foresthttp://www.lizasreef.com/HOPE%20FOR%20THE%20RAIN%20FORESTS/rain_forests_of_the_ world.htm Shade: medium to dense Play of light and shade; may be islands of sun Straight tree trunks: column/pole-like and often large Evergreen Gymnosperms Smaller understory plants: often vine-like Spots of color in mostly green landscape Mostly flat fades out into the mist Project SOUND 33. Evolution of plants The gymnosperms are older than the angiosperms (flowering plants) by quite a bit (~ 400 MYA vs ~ 150 MYA) The gymnosperms: http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/plantrelat.gif Have pollen & seeds Do not have flowers or fruits; are not dependent on livingpollinators Pollen comes into direct contact with ovule (seed) for fertilization to occurhttp://www.tutorvista.com/content/biology/biology-iii/kingdoms-living-world/gymnosperms.php Project SOUND 34. The Gymnosperms: old and less mighty than in the past 700 living species Classically divided into four divisions (subclasses):http://www2.estrellamountain.edu/faculty/farabee/BIOBK/biobookdiversity_6.html Conifers: pines, spruce, cypress worldwide Cycads (such as the sago palm) - tropics Ginkgos (the maidenhair tree, Ginkgo biloba) - Asia Gnetophytes (such as Mormon tea, Ephedra Project SOUND 35. A modern representation of the phylogeny of gymnosperms based on chloroplast DNA. The pine family (Pinaceae) and a sister branch leading to six additional families have a common ancestor within the division Pinophyta.http://sydkab.wordpress.com/tag/gondwanaland/ In other words, the seven major families of cone-bearing trees and shrubs all evolved from the division Pinophyta. Project