3rd Baltic Sea 17th Nordic LiteracyConference
1416 August 2016 Turku/bo, Finland
Making meaning literacy in action
Jeroen Clemens Literacy in a digital age: a challenge for
1. Language Teacher
2. Researcher New Literacies / Online literacy
3. Consultant/ writer/ speaker
Head Language department
ability to understand, evaluate, useand engage with written texts toparticipate in society, to achieveones goals, and to develop onesknowledge and potential (OECD 2013)
Multimodal Multi Media
Flexible / Changing
Not always clear author
Not only written texts
offline 1. Traditional print reading
2. Multi document reading: analysis & synthesis
3. Reading online: search, evaluate, synthesis & communicate
Expand definition Literacy
Expand PedagogyCho & Afflerbach, 2010
Digital natives are competent readers online?
New & aditional skills and strategies needed
Many students are not competent: see reading list
ORCA Nederlands (Clemens)
zoeken evalueren synthese
Traditional Reading test
ORCA Dutch version Clemens
Baseline study: Language Teachers Secondary Schools (online, 309)
Perceptions Attitudes & believes Knowledge & Skills Motivation & Needs
63% perceives online texts different from offline texts
84% online reading comprehension asks for new skills and strategies
90% students need to learn online reading comprehension skills and
(86%) they need education in online reading comprehension
73% current curriculum is not sufficient for preparing students for online reading comprehension.
75% online reading comprehension must be included in the curriculum, the common core standards (65%) and in text books / learning materials (87%).
There is less agreement (37%) whether online reading comprehension must become a part of the national assessment program of Dutch or on the more pedagogical question if online reading comprehension must become a separate course in textbooks (32%).
70% think there is not enough attention for online reading comprehension in their current teaching materials.
17% include online reading comprehension in their teaching.
7% develop lessons or teaching materials for online reading comprehension
84% dont collaborate with colleagues on this topic (84%).
10% think school finds online literacy important.
15% positive when looking at their department (15%).
18% see initiatives happening at department level
but its a tough question: a lot of teachers are neutral on this item (school: 33%, department: 50%).
71% say they need professional development to be able to teach online literacy
This has top priority
Top down 5-10 National Standards, Assessment,
Publishers/Textbooks, Teacher training institutes; accessible knowledge
Implement in teacher training programs 3-5
Bottom up/ now own initiatives: school and teacher initiatives
and collaboration, teacher development teams, conferences, teacher training institutes
Relate own curriculum/ learning goalsConnect, recognisable terminology: Lets work on
Critical Reading Plus, expand search strategies to online texts
Target language teachers first & earlyadopters cross curriculum
Work in teacher development teams Co-create / use each others materials
regional and nationallyShare and collaborate online
Afflerbach, P., & Cho, . Y. (2009). Identifying and describing constructively responsive comprehension strategies in new and traditional forms of reading. In S. E. Israel & G. G. Duffy, Handbook of Research on Reading Comprehension. New York: Routledge.
Cho, B.-Y., & Afflerbach, P. (2015). Reading on the Internet. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 58(6)
Castek, J., & Coiro, J. (2015). Understanding What Students Know. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 58(7)
Donald J Leu, J., McVerry, J. G., O'Byrne, I., Kiili, C., Zawilinski, L., Everett-Cacopardo, H., et al. (2011). The new literacies of online reading comprehension: Expanding the literacy andlearning curriculum. Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 55(1).
Leu, D. J., Kulikowich, J. M., Sedransk, N., Coiro, J., Liu, C., Cui, W., et al. (2014). The ORCA Project: Designing Technology-based Assessments for Online Research, Comprehension, And Communication. American Educational Research Conference. Philidelphia.
Leu, D. J., Forzani, E., Burlingame, C., Kulikowich, J., Sedransk, N., Coiro, J., & Kennedy, C. (2013). The new literacies of online research and comprehension: Assessing and preparing students for the 21st century with Common Core State Standards. In L. B. Gambrell & S. B. Neuman, Reading instruction in the age of common core standards. Newark, DE: IRA.
OECD. (2011). PISA 2009 Results: Students On Line (Vol. VI, p. 395). OECD Publishing. doi:10.1787/9789264112995-en
OECD (2014). PISA 2012 Results: What Students Know and Can Do Student Performance in Mathematics, Reading and Science (Volume I, Revised edition), PISA, OECD Publishing.
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