Media and Information Literacy (MIL) - Digital Citizenship, Netiquette, Digital Footprints, Digital Footprints, and Digital Issues

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Media and information Literacy (mil)

Media and Information literacy(mil)Digital Citizenship, Netiquette, Digital Footprintsand Digital Issues in the PhilippinesMr. Arniel PingSt. Stephens High SchoolManila, PhilippinesMIL PPT 13Updated: October 29, 20167. Legal, Ethical, and Societal Issues in Media and Information (Part 2)

Learning competenciesexplain digital citizenship, netiquette, and digital footprints (SSHS);demonstrate proper conduct and behavior online (netiquette, virtual self) (MIL11/12LESI-IIIg18);discuss some of the digital issues in the Philippines (SSHS);put into action personal resolve to combat digital divide, addiction, and bullying (MIL11/12LESI-IIIg19);

Learning competenciesexplain actions to promote ethical use of media and information (MIL11/12LESI-IIIg22);enumerate opportunities and challenges in media and information (MIL12LESI-IIIg-23); andvalue the importance of netiquette and having a positive digital footprint.

I-Topic outlineA. Digital Citizenship1. Definition2. Key Principles with Elements of Digital CitizenshipB. Netiquette1. Definition2. Core Rules of NetiquetteC. Digital Footprints1. Definition2. Importance of Positive Digital FootprintsD. Digital Issues in the Philippines Internet Addiction Cyberbullying

Video presentationDigital Literacy Rap.(2015). Andy Horne. YouTube. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xHPcPCq72f4

What is Digital citizenship?

Key principles with elements of digital citizenship

Nine Elements of Digital Citizenship(http://www.digitalcitizenship.net/Nine_Elements.html)

The elements (9 elements of digital citizenship) have also been organized under the principles of respect, educate and protect. Most everyone understands that to keep a healthy body it is beneficial to be active, and one way is to begin a workout routine. Often work- outs have the person go through several repetitions, or reps, to strengthen muscles. With the increase in technology in the hands of everyone, especially your kids, parents are in the need of a new workout, and new REPs. There are two aspects to each of the REPs: one focuses on an individuals use of technology, and the other is users responsibility to do the same for others (which helps users to focus on empathy for others as well). The principles of respect, educate, and protect each include elements to help parents and children discuss the issues and ideas that are happening with respect to technology.

(http://www.digitalcitizenship.net/Nine_Elements.html)7

What is Netiquette?

The word netiquette is a combination of net (from internet) and etiquette. It means respecting other users views and displaying common courtesy when posting your views to online discussion groups.http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/guides/about-netiquette

Core Rules of Netiquettehttp://www.albion.com/netiquette/introduction.html

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The core rules of netiquette

The Core Rules of Netiquette. Shea, V. (1994). Core rules of netiquette. Netiquette (Online ed., pp. 32-45). San Francisco: Albion Books.http://www.albion.com/netiquette/introduction.htmlhttp://learning.colostate.edu/guides/guide.cfm?guideid=4

The word netiquette is a combination of net (from internet) and etiquette. It means respecting other users views and displaying common courtesy when posting your views to online discussion groups.http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/guides/about-netiquette

Core Rules of Netiquettehttp://www.albion.com/netiquette/introduction.html

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Rule 1: Remember the human

Rule 1: Remember the Human

When communicating electronically, whether through email, instant message, discussion post, text, or some other method, practice the Golden Rule: Do unto others as you would have others do unto you. Remember, your written words are read by real people, all deserving of respectful communication. Before you press "send" or "submit," ask yourself, "Would I be okay with this if someone else had written it?"10

Rule 2: Adhere to the same standards of behavior online that you follow in real life

Rule 2: Adhere to the same standards of behavior online that you follow in real life

While it can be argued that standards of behavior may be different in the virtual world, they certainly should not be lower. You should do your best to act within the laws and ethical manners of society whenever you inhabit "cyberspace." Would you behave rudely to someone face-to-face? On most occasions, no. Neither should you behave this way in the virtual world.11

Rule 3: Know where you are in cyberspace

Rule 3: Know where you are in cyberspace

"Netiquette varies from domain to domain." (Shea, 1994) Depending on where you are in the virtual world, the same written communication can be acceptable in one area, where it might be considered inappropriate in another. What you text to a friend may not be appropriate in an email to a classmate or colleague. Can you think of another example?12

Rule 4: Respect other people's time and bandwidth

Rule 4: Respect other people's time and bandwidth

Electronic communication takes time: time to read and time in which to respond. Most people today lead busy lives, just like you do, and don't have time to read or respond to frivolous emails or discussion posts. As a virtual world communicator, it is your responsibility to make sure that the time spent reading your words isn't wasted. Make your written communication meaningful and to the point, without extraneous text or superfluous graphics or attachments that may take forever to download.13

Rule 5: Make yourself look good online

Rule 5: Make yourself look good online

One of the best things about the virtual world is the lack of judgment associated with your physical appearance, sound of your voice, or the clothes you wear (unless you post a video of yourself singing Karaoke in a clown outfit.) You will, however, be judged by the quality of your writing, so keep the following tips in mind:Always check for spelling and grammar errorsKnow what you're talking about and state it clearlyBe pleasant and polite14

Rule 6: Share expert knowledge

Rule 6: Share expert knowledgeThe Internet offers its users many benefits; one is the ease in which information can be shared or accessed and in fact, this "information sharing" capability is one of the reasons the Internet was founded. So in the spirit of the Internet's "founding fathers," share what you know! When you post a question and receive intelligent answers, share the results with others. Are you an expert at something? Post resources and references about your subject matter. Recently expanded your knowledge about a subject that might be of interest to others? Share that as well.15

Rule 7: Help keep flame wars under control

Rule 7: Help keep flame wars under control

What is meant by "flaming" and "flame wars?" "Flaming is what people do when they express a strongly held opinion without holding back any emotion." (Shea, 1994). As an example, think of the kinds of passionate comments you might read on a sports blog. While "flaming" is not necessarily forbidden in virtual communication, "flame wars," when two or three people exchange angry posts between one another, must be controlled or the camaraderie of the group could be compromised. Don't feed the flames; extinguish them by guiding the discussion back to a more productive direction.16

Rule 7: Help keep flame wars under control

Rule 7: Help keep flame wars under control

What is meant by "flaming" and "flame wars?" "Flaming is what people do when they express a strongly held opinion without holding back any emotion." (Shea, 1994). As an example, think of the kinds of passionate comments you might read on a sports blog. While "flaming" is not necessarily forbidden in virtual communication, "flame wars," when two or three people exchange angry posts between one another, must be controlled or the camaraderie of the group could be compromised. Don't feed the flames; extinguish them by guiding the discussion back to a more productive direction.17

Rule 8: Respect other people's privacy

Rule 8: Respect other people's privacy

Depending on what you are reading in the virtual world, be it an online class discussion forum, Facebook page, or an email, you may be exposed to some private or personal information that needs to be handled with care. Perhaps someone is sharing some medical news about a loved one or discussing a situation at work. What do you think would happen if this information "got into the wrong hands?" Embarrassment? Hurt feelings? Loss of a job? Just as you expect others to respect your privacy, so should you respect the privacy of others. Be sure to err on the side of caution when deciding to discuss or not to discuss virtual communication.18

Rule 9: Don't abuse your power

Rule 9: Don't abuse your power

Just like in face-to-face situations, there are people in cyberspace who have more "power" than others. They have more expertise in technology or they have years of experience in a particular skill or subject matter. Maybe it's you who posesses all of this knowledge and power! Just remember: knowing more than others do or having more power than others may have does not give you the right to take advantage of anyone. Think of Rule 1: Remember the human.19

Rule 10: Be forgiving of other people's mistakes

Rule 10: Be forgiving of other people's mistakes

Not everyone has the same amount of experience working in the virtual world. And not everyone knows the rules of netiquette. At some point, you will see a stupid question, read an unnecessarily long response, or encounter misspelled words; when this happens, practice kindness and forgiveness as you would hope someone would do if you had committed the same offense. If it's a minor "offense," you might want to let it slide. If you feel compelled to respond to a mistake, do so in a private email rather than a public forum.20

Picture analysis

A digital footprint is a trail of data you create while using the Internet.

What is represented by the picture?Digital FootprintA digital footprint is a trail of data you create while using the Internet. In includes the websites you visit, emails you send, and information you submit to online services.A passive digital footprint is created when data is collected without the owner knowing, where as active digital footprints are created when personal data is released deliberately by a user for the purpose of sharing information about oneself by means of websites or social media.(http://techterms.com/definition/digital_footprint)21

What is Digital footprints?

What does the picture say about digital footprints?Digital FootprintA digital footprint is a trail of data you create while using the Internet. In includes the websites you visit, emails you send, and information you submit to online services.A passive digital footprint is created when data is collected without the owner knowing, where as active digital footprints are created when personal data is released deliberately by a user for the purpose of sharing information about oneself by means of websites or social media.(http://techterms.com/definition/digital_footprint)22

Video presentation#ThinkTwice - Your Digital Footprint Matters.(2016). Moore Public Schools. YouTube. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9eSxZPu4oqQ

Running time: 10:10 minutes23

Video presentationAccountability & Responsibility in a Digital World by Paul Davis.(2015).TEDxTalks. YouTube. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zaEn0BQS0vY

Running time: 13: 42 minutes24

What is your digital footprint?What do you want your digital footprint to say about you?Is a positive digital reputation important? Why?Formative assessment:recitation

http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/slamdunks/digitalfootprint_ms/InCtrl_EssentialQuestions.pdf25

Digital issues in the Philippines(Source: http://wearesocial.com/sg/special-reports/digital-2016)

Analyze this infographic before watching the videos (news) on digital issues in the Philippines.26

Current issuesMga Negatibong Epekto ng Internet at Social Media, Tinalakay sa Pinoy Indie Film na 'UNFRIEND,'.(2014) GMA News and Public Affairs.YouTube. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oqH_NMMW2BQ

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Current issues#heartoverhate Campaign ng GMA Network Kontra Cyberbullying, Pinarangalan.(2016) GMA News and Public Affairs.YouTube. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sGGo9KfiguE

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GMA Network campaign against cyberbullyingHeart Over Hate .(2016) GMA Network. YouTube. Retrieved October 9, 2016, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4Y-Zhai6s4ghttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9lSX0tjgiSE

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What digital issues were presented in the given news?Why do internet addiction and cyberbullying an alarming digital issues at present?How can you help in preventing internet addiction and cyberbullying in our school?Formative assessment:recitation

Republic Act 10627 (Anti- Bullying Act of 2013) and DepEd Order no. 40, s. 2012 - Child Protection PolicyNext meeting we will discuss more of this digital issues focusing on cybercrimes.

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referencesMedia and Information Literacy Curriculum Guide by DepEdMedia and Information Literacy by Boots C. Liquigan, Diwa Learning Systems Inc.http://mcc.gse.harvard.edu/files/gse-mcc/files/social_media_resource_list_0_0.pdfhttp://www.digitalcitizenship.net/

referenceshttps://www.commonsensemedia.org/educators/digital-citizenshiphttp://www.edutopia.org/blogs/tag/digital-citizenshiphttp://www.albion.com/netiquette/introduction.htmlhttp://www.edutopia.org/blog/digital-citizenship-need-to-know-vicki-davis

referenceshttp://connectedconsulting.com/resources/twenty-first-century-skills/digital-citizenship/http://www.bbc.co.uk/webwise/guides/about-netiquettehttp://learning.colostate.edu/guides/guide.cfm?guideid=4http://www.bcps.org/offices/lis/models/slamdunks/digitalfootprint_ms/InCtrl_EssentialQuestions.pdfhttp://mediasmarts.ca/digital-media-literacy/digital-issues

Photo creditshttp://internetconduct.blogspot.com/2012/12/netiquette-rule-1-remember-human.htmlhttp://www.memecenter.com/fun/186887/golden-rulehttp://www.physio-pedia.com/Where_to_Start%3Fhttp://time.com/4457110/internet-trolls/https://www.diygenius.com/10-free-online-courses-in-social-media-and-inbound-marketing/http://internetconduct.blogspot.com/2012/12/netiquette-rule-4-respect-other-peoples.htmlhttp://www.granvillecsd.org/webpages/lgrandjean/using_the_internet.cfm?subpage=635376

Photo creditshttp://www.communication-relation.com/pages/au-service-de-l-entreprise/transmission-de-competences/formation-de-formateur/http://www.buzzle.com/articles/what-is-a-flame-war-and-how-to-avoid-it.htmlhttp://knowyourmeme.com/photos/488476-flaminghttp://lerablog.org/internet/the-importance-of-internet-priv...

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