Open Badges and the Recognition of Prior Learning

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  • 1. Open Badges and theRecognition of PriorLearningSupporting Quality,Improving EmployabilityNovember 4, 2014Don Presant

2. Extending ePortfolio to...Multi-institution ePortfolio communityProfessional Body Workplace TrainerCollegeEmployer Industry Sector BodyUniversityAdult Learning CentreEmployability Agency 3. ...a modular skills ecosystemOpen Badges and Micro-portfolioswww.badgealliance.org/why-badges/ 4. Emerging in CanadaEarly Adopters 5. What areOpen Badges? 6. What are Open Badges?Brief introductionbit.ly/openbadges4tpd 7. Origins of Badges Since pre-Romantimes Heraldry, Military,Blue Light, Boy Scouts Public recognition:achievement,affiliation, authority Online engagement:gamificationwww.britishbadgeforum.com/forums/showthread.php?t=7253Badge Tracking Android App metronews.ca/earnyourwings.aircanada.com 8. What is an Open Badge?Micro credentials - modular record of learningA digital representation of an accomplishment,interest or affiliation that is visual, availableonline, and contains metadata includingtrusted links that help explain the context,meaning, process and result of an activity.As an open artefact, the earner can present thebadge in different contexts from which it wasearned. Clear progress markers Motivating learners, supporting advisors Flexible learning pathways Granular, incremental, multi-source,laddered, remixable Visual branding Issuers and learners Online trust system Demonstrate skills & capabilities Proof of performance Backed by issuer 9. Displaying Open BadgesePortfolios, Social MediaCurated in ePortfolioInteractive criteriaLinkedIn ProfilePulled from BackpackFacebook timeline 10. What is an Open Badge?Different perspectivesTECHNICAL DESCRIPTION A portable graphic with an embedded description and links tosupporting informationSUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT A micro-credential A discrete record in a modular transcriptFORMATIVE ASSESSMENT A reward for positive (prescribed) behaviour A marker on a development patha simple digital standard for recognizing and sharingachievements, skills and performance 11. How areOpen Badgesbeing used? 12. Open Badges: Lifelong, Lifewide LearningMATUREADULTYOUTHPersonalLearningWorkplaceEngagementLOWSTAKESHIGHJob HireSTAKESVolunteerExperienceWorkPlacementsAfterSchoolProgramsClassroomEngagementCo-CurricularRecordWorkshopsAdmission toHigher EdAdmission toPost GradSchoolsConferencesRecognitionof PriorLearningEmployabilityPortfolioCareerTransitionPromotionCommunitiesofPracticeMemberships,AffiliationsAwards,AchievementsTeamBuildingHardCredentialsRed Cross,Cadets,Scouts,etc.E-learningCoursesFormativeFeedbackAwards,AchievementsContinuingEducation 13. Open Badges & workforce entryMissouri Customer Service Badges 14. Career & Technical Education (CTE)National Occupational Competency Testing Inst. (NOCTI)www.nocti.org/pdf/badges/Digital%20Badges-Are%20You%20Ready.pdf 15. E-learning and MOOCsMassive Open Online Coursesengineering.edx.org/author/bporter/www.slideshare.net/sproutfund/serial-announcement 16. Badging Health ProfessionalsContinuing Professional Developmenthttp://www.paincommunitycentre.org/cpd/badges 17. Immigrant exampleMigrant academic workers in Berlin (WIP) 18. Pearson VUE: AcclaimIf Pearson is getting into badges.Acclaims uniqueapproachis to work withacademic institutions andhigh-stakes credentialingorganizations to offerdiplomas, certificates andother professionalcredentials as Open Badges.blog.youracclaim.com/bit.ly/1nJFBaY 19. CanOpen Badgessupport RPL Quality ? 20. CAPLAs QA in RPL ProjectGuiding Principles in RPLThe primary motivatorbehind this project is topromote labour marketdevelopment throughoutthe nation.capla.ca/quality-assurance/ 21. CAPLAs QA in RPL ProjectGuiding Principles in RPLcapla.ca/quality-assurance/ 22. Quality Frameworks in RPLCAPLAs Mapping Exercise (Dons version)Principles ElementsContext, Purpose, Value, BenefitsTo Learners, Organizations, SocietyRecognize all forms of learningMobility, access to opportunities, self-esteem,lifelong learning, prosperous societyInternal governancePolicies, management, administrationIndependent , representative, well-governedAssessmentProcesses and technical requirementsValidity, currency, sufficiency and authenticityLearner-centred: usable, with good supports,feedback, consensus-based, confidentialQuality AssuranceProcedures, standardsClear & measurable, supported by guidelinesAppropriately resourcedSystem feedback & procedures for improvementAccessible system evaluationsValidation (valorization)Equivalency; qualification frameworks & stdsRelevant, harmonized, compliantBetween stakeholder perspectives, practices,jurisdictionsExternal roles and responsibilitiesCoordination of stakeholders, jurisdictionsNational system, clear stakeholder protocolsSystemic research, PD, innovation, support & advice,monitoring & evaluation & advocacy & marketing 23. Post Traditional Online EducationEx-UNESCO, hired by Contact North...value of the badge comes from theinformation ... attached to it, whichprovides justification and validation.......provides concrete evidence & proofof skills, achievements, and interests......this supporting data reduces the riskof gaming the system and builds in animplicit validation system......various different types & granularitiesof badges...higher-level (aggregate)badges can target specific sets of skillsand signal general mastery...BUT....t.co/J8t2P9TcwU 24. Post Traditional Online EducationEx-UNESCO, hired by Contact NorthIt is not possible to verify thequality of a badge.Mozilla admits that, in order for anybadge system to accumulate value andfor badges to carry or contend with theweight of formal grades or degrees,quality and vetted assessments will becritical. However, they offer littleindication of how these critical issues ofquality and weight will be reflected.Whilst badges may present possibilitiesfor providing credentials, they do notyet answer the question of how theacademic significance or market valueof these credentials will be measuredand understood. Thus Open Badgesmay provide a portfolio of evidence oflearning, but they do not yet provide anindication of quality. t.co/J8t2P9TcwU 25. Blaming the toolIs this an indication of quality?www.phonydiploma.com/Fake-Diploma-From-Canada-University.aspx 26. Paper SilosIssues with certification today Transparency issues Dumb paper often needs otherdocuments, e.g. syllabus Proxy only not the whole story Easy to forge Recognition issues Lack of granularity Lack of context links to supporting evidence Experiential learning not valued Lack of alignment, transfer,articulation (stackability) Physical issues Difficult to share, easy to losefreedesignfile.com/92259 27. Not a magic bullet, but...Transparent window of program qualityA digital representation of an accomplishment,interest or affiliation that is visual, availableonline, and contains metadata includingtrusted links that help explain the context,meaning, process and result of an activity.As an open artefact, the earner can present thebadge in different contexts from which it wasearned. Clear progress markers Motivating learners, supporting advisors Flexible learning pathways Granular, incremental, multi-source,laddered, remixable Visual branding Issuers and learners Online trust system Demonstrate skills & capabilities Proof of performance Backed by issuer 28. Badges and weightOpen Badge Factory: Milestone Badges 29. What does going digital mean?Advantages of Open Badges Sharing, searching Validating, valorizing Aligning, combining, separating 30. Badge PathwaysMozilla Discover (Gates funding)http://discover.openbadges.org/ 31. Badge Quality Report CardHow Open Badges can support RPLPrinciples Open BadgesContext, Purpose, Value, BenefitsTo Learners, Organizations, SocietyGet recognition for skills you learnanywhere.Learner centred, employer friendly, lifewideInternal governancePolicies, management, administrationExternal to the technologyAssessmentProcesses and technical requirementsRequires good badge system designEasy to do badges badlyQuality AssuranceProcedures, standardsTransparent criteria, evidence, alignmentRequires good program design & adminValidation (valorization)Equivalency; qualification frameworks &standardsModular, stackable, remixable, exchangeablePathway mapping, progress indicators3rd party endorsement (coming)External roles and responsibilitiesCoordination of stakeholders, jurisdictionsGlobal community, open standardRequires regional engagement, protocols 32. Third Party EndorsementQuality Work in Progressbadgealliance.org/endorsement/ 33. Badging the BadgerDigital Credentialing of TrainersThe California School-Age Consortium:Europe - Adult Education Made Accessible:PROJECT UNDERWAY Accessibility Quality Badges for Adult EducationProviders Accessibility Competency Badges for Experts 34. Improving qualityEmerging strategies PD workshops, conferences Community, policy dialogue White papers, Policy Documents, Summits Higher Ed, Workforce, Communities Working Groups Technical improvements Standards, Endorsement Working Groups Practitioner Supports Guidelines, templates, checklists... Badging the badger Endorsement of trainers, assessors Research, program audits, reports 35. Can Open BadgesSupport Employability?to promote labour marketdevelopment throughout the nation. 36. Is there a Skills Gap?Old ways arent workinghigheredstrategy.comwww.ere.net/2012/07/16/what%E2%80%99s-wrong-with-using-resumes-for-hiring-pretty-much-everything/www.huffingtonpost.com/julian-l-alssid/a-new-gallup-survey-says-_b_4862669.html 37. Reaching toward the visionCompetency-Based CredentialingCorporation for a Skilled Workforce (CSW): Making a Market for Competency-Based Credentials 38. Co-Curricular RecordsA transcript for graduate employability 39. Emerging employer policy: USThe Manufacturing Institute"User-friendly digital badges allow studentsand workers to translate their skills andexperience into a manufacturing career.Manufacturing badges have ensured thesuccess of three levels of skills: fundamentalskills, including team work and problemsolving; knowledge acquisition, includingbasic manufacturing skill sets; and industry-basedcertifications and credentials."Jennifer McNellyPresident, The Manufacturing InstituteSep 2013bit.ly/McNelly_MI 40. What manufacturers wantThe Manufacturing Instituteyoutu.be/VEgwJwrK3qQ 41. US Manufacturing PipelineSkills currency exchange for veteransusmanufacturingpipeline.com/ 42. Emerging public policy: USSecretary of EducationBadges can help speed the shift from credentials thatsimply measure seat time, to ones that moreaccurately measure competency. We must acceleratethat transition. And badges can help account forformal and informal learning in a variety of settings.Today's technology-enabled, information-rich, deeplyinterconnected world means learning not only can but should happen anywhere, anytime. We need torecognize these experiences, whether theenvironments are physical or online, and whetherlearning takes place in schools, colleges or adulteducation centers, or in afterschool, workplace, militaryor community settings.Arne DuncanSep 2011www.ed.gov/news/speeches/digital-badges-learning 43. Emerging public policy: UKMinister of State for Skills and EnterpriseIn broad terms, the conferring of an Open Badgeon a learner is similar to the award of aqualification certificate, and the same qualitystandards must be ensured.The emerging opportunities offered by OpenBadges in the areas of peer assessment,employer partnership, learning analytics andthe engagement of learners means that it shouldbe considered in learning technology at variouslevels.We will encourage Awarding Organisations, Ofqualand Ofsted to be aware of the potential of thistechnology.Matthew Hancock, June 2014Further Education Learning Technology Action Group (FELTAG) recommendations: government response 44. Lipscomb University/PolarisFortune 500 Competency Performance ModelCORE measures 15 competencies on a badgesystem, which is based on a nationally respected andFortune 500-proven competency performancemodelthe Polaris Assessment System.Companies already utilizing this system include Nike,PetSmart, Disney, Mars, Wendys among manyothers.www.lipscomb.edu/professionalstudies/core-for-employers 45. Employability down underDeakin Universityt.co/ior8y5pbqe 46. How couldOpen Badges supportRPL in the future? 47. CAELs VisionLearningCounts and Open Badges Bringing the power of faculty assessment andcollege credit to Open Badges Smaller badges for motivation and performancereview Badges could be part of a LearningCounts portfolioand feed into certifications and degrees...all based on evidence of learningPamela Tate CAEL Badges for Workforce Developmen (YouTube) 48. CAELs VisionOpen ways of sharing evidence of learningPamela Tate CAEL Badges for Workforce Developmen (YouTube) 49. City and GuildsTechBac: Open Badges, online CVsbit.ly/1uBCju4 50. Managing workplace skillsOpen Badges and the Canada Job GrantThe Canada Job Grant has opened the door to an exciting digitaltraining and recognition tool Open Badges.Canada Job Grant Need Open Badges SolutionQualified 3rd partytrainersValidated badges for trainers & trainingorganizationsSupport for employers Modular, stackable training cataloguesResponsive training plansPerformancemeasurementExtensive reporting capabilitiesDelivery statistics, 12 month impactClient badges & badge passportsGroup badge passports for employers:Skills gaps and road mapsCorporate capability summariesOpen Badges: common currencyImport/export badges between systems 51. Badge the Organization?Recognizing Positive / Productive BehavioursSourceSourcewww.manitobalotteries.com/career/mbplar.caSource Issuer 52. A new skills currencyOpen Badges, ePortfolios &Badge Passports Visually efficient and appealing Engages, builds confidence, motivates Individual pathways, diverse sources of learning Formal non-formal informal learning Common standard to broker skills between systems Add evidence, reflection and other context as appropriate Portable, modular, remixable Drill down to specifics, or roll up into larger outcomes Programs not completed can be partially recognized and recombined Assemble in individual badge passports & ePortfolios Trustable, easy to understand Transparent criteria, evidence, issue/expiry date Flexible alignment to frameworks, requirements, training plans Issuing organization is validated and branded by the badges it issues Learner centred, employer friendly 53. Badge Solution: Open Badge FactoryCloud-based badge management & exchangeopenbadgefactory.com 54. Badging the workforce pipelineCity & Guilds (UK vocational qualifications body)bit.ly/pipeline-CandG 55. Next steps Next VT Open Badges Lab Nov 20 1:30pm EST t.co/cic9ON9y1t Immigrants RPL Working Group Session:Open Badges Date and time TBA Open Badg...