Safe driving

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1. Rajashree Polyfil (A Div. of Century Enka Ltd.) SAFE DRIVINGSAFE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 1 2. 2015-1-31 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING PART I DRIVER INDUCTION 2 HSE, RP, Umalla 3. 2015-1-31 4. 2015-1-31 5. 2015-1-31 RISK DURING DRIVINGRISK DURING DRIVING Road Accident may result in:Road Accident may result in: 1. Injury, 2. Disability, 3. Death and 4. Property damage. 5 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 6. 2015-1-31 NDIAN TRAFFIC RULE & REGULATIONNDIAN TRAFFIC RULE & REGULATION Section Provisitions under Central Motor Vehicle Act 1988 and Rule 1989 (2001) 3 to 7 Without L/c. no person can drive a motor vehicle Age limit for Driving of :- Motor cycle - 16 years Transport vehicles - 20 years Other cases - 18 years Owner is responsible on breach of law L/c. is non transferable 13 L/c. is valid throughout INDIA 4 Currency of L/c. Learner's L/c - 6 month Transport vehicles - 3 years L/c. to carry dangerous goods 3 years with 1 day refresher training Any other case - 20 yrs. or age of 50 yrs. whichever is earlier 119 Duty to obey traffic sign 121 Signals and signaling devices 133 Owner shall give the Detail about driver to Police station 136 Inspection of vehicle involved in accident 6 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 7. 2015-1-31 ROAD SIGNS AND MARKINGSROAD SIGNS AND MARKINGS right hand curve left hand curve right hair pin bend left hand pin bend right reverse bend left reverse bend steep ascent steep ascent Narrow road ahead Road widens ahead Narrow bridge Pedestrian crossing 7 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 8. 2015-1-31 ROAD SIGNS AND MARKINGSROAD SIGNS AND MARKINGS School ahead Men at work CATTLE CROSS ROAD Side road right DANGER DIP Y-Intersection Barrier Ahead T - Intersection Staggered Intersection No Parking Entry Prohibited 8 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 9. 2015-1-31 1. Unsafe Driving Condition 2. Unsafe Driving Practices 3. Adverse weather condition 9 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING Common Causes of Road AccidentsCommon Causes of Road Accidents HSE, RP, Umalla 10. 2015-1-31 1. Unsafe Driving Condition Defected vehicle Defected parts of engine, brake etc. Unsafe Road condition Intolerable pollution on road Traffic Blind Spot 10 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING Common Causes of Road Accidents HSE, RP, Umalla 11. 2015-1-31 2. Unsafe Driving Practices: Not following Traffic Rules Unskilled Driving Wrong signaling Drunken driving Using mobile phone High speed Wrong vehicle parking Overtaking Not using safety belt Absent minded and fatigue Driving under age Physically and mentally unfit Unhealthy and ill/sick Long driving Hurry Common Causes of Road Accidents 11 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 12. 2015-1-31 3.3. Adverse weather conditionAdverse weather condition Night driving Cloudy weather Heavy Rain Very cold / hot climate Storm / cyclone Fog , dust and Mist 12 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 13. 2015-1-31 CHECK BEFORE GOODS CARRIER DRIVINGCHECK BEFORE GOODS CARRIER DRIVING 1. Safe load 2. Condition of belt, chain & rope etc. 3. Proper tie-up of material 4. Adequate and proper wooden slipper 5. Person under and around vehicle 13 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 14. 2015-1-31 PART II DEFENSIVE DRIVING 14 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 15. 2015-1-31 What is Defensive Driving? Defines defensive driving as "driving to save lives, time, and money, in spite of the conditions around you and the actions of others." (This definition is taken from the National Safety Council's Defensive Driving Course) Defensive driving aims at reducing the risk of driving. Defensive driving takes the responsibility of the driver's safety, as well as that of the other passenger's and goods safety 15 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 16. 2015-1-31 Driving Management:Driving Management: 1. Availability of required Documents Proof of valid certificate of registration Proof of valid certificate of insurance Proof of payment of tax P.U.C Transport Vehicles Fitness certificate Xerox copies of the original documents (attested by a gazetted officer) are also acceptable. However if the demanding authority wants to see the original documents, the owner must produce them within 15 days. A Xerox copy of the driving license is not acceptable 16 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 17. 2015-1-31 Driving Management:Driving Management: 2. Skilled and Trained Driver2. Skilled and Trained Driver Avoid distractions like speaking on the phone, Avoid talking to fellow passengers and Avoid listening to music while driving. Lane Driving is ALWAYS Safe Driving. Never Drink/take drugs and Drive. Avoid Road Rage. Adhere to maximum Speed Limits. Never Jump a Red Light. Stick to the Rules and Regulations as laid down by the Motor Vehicles Act 17 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 18. 2015-1-31 Driving Management:Driving Management: 3. Long journey, fatigue and tiredness3. Long journey, fatigue and tiredness 18 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 19. 2015-1-31 Driving Management:Driving Management: 4. Medication and drugs4. Medication and drugs 19 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 20. 2015-1-31 Driving Management: 5. Emergency management5. Emergency management a.a. Mechanical EmergencyMechanical Emergency Tire Puncture Engine failure Brake failure Other mechanical failure 20 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 21. 2015-1-31 Driving Management:Driving Management: 5.5. Emergency managementEmergency management b. Other emergencyb. Other emergency Fall of materila/goods from goods carrier Cyclone, storm, heavy rain Unavailability of fuel Injury 21 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 22. 2015-1-31 Assume the worst situation:Assume the worst situation: To think about the worst situation scenario. For example, expect that a vehicle indicating that it is about to turn will not turn. Vice versa, you will also expect that a vehicle not indicating a turn will unexpectedly turn. you are also cautioned to assume that any red signals, or stop signs will be ignored. Other than that, you are suggested to assume that someone will break a red light, while other drivers are not always capable of preventing an accident. They are also trained to watch out for drivers speaking on cell phones while driving. 22 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 23. 2015-1-31 Maintain Presence: Driver should scan the road ahead and be geared for any future events. you should have an eye on any and every vehicle signals, indicators and brake lights. You should also maintain road discipline . While driving behind larger vehicles, keep line of sight clear. You should adjust your rear view mirrors as well as to avoid tinted window panes, keeping your windows transparent and clear. You should also scan the road for any bicycles, motorcycles, pedestrians, potholes and animals. Always keep in mind any objects on the road. 23 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 24. 2015-1-31 Right of way:Right of way: Pedestrians have the right of way at uncontrolled pedestrian crossings. When any road is provided with a footpath or cycle track especially for other traffic, except with permission of a police officer in uniform, a driver shall not drive on such footpath or track. 24 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 25. 2015-1-31 Taking 'U' Turn and Turning to Left and RightTaking 'U' Turn and Turning to Left and Right No driver shall take a 'U' turn where 'U' turn is especially prohibited and on a busy traffic road. If a 'U' turn is allowed the driver shall slow signal by hand as for a right turn, watch in the rear view mirror and turn when safe to do so. The driver of a motor vehicle shall: when turning to the left, drive as close as maybe to the left hand side of the road from which he is making the turn and of the road which he is entering. When turning to the right draw as near as near as may be to the centre of the road which the driver is entering 25 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING HSE, RP, Umalla 26. 2015-1-31 Signals To Be Given By DriversSignals To Be Given By Drivers (a) When about to slow down, a driver shall extend his right arm with the palm downward and to the right of the vehicle and shall move the arm so extended up and down several times in such a manner that the signal can be seen by the driver of any vehicle which may be behind him. (b) When about to stop, the driver shall raise his right forearm vertically outside of and to the right of the vehicle, palm to the right. (c) When about to turn to the right or to drive to the right hand side of the road in order to pass another vehicle or for any other purpose, a driver shall extend his right hand in a horizontal position outside of and to the right of his vehicle with the palm of the hand turned to the front. (d) When about to turn to the left or to drive to the left to the left hand side of the road a driver shall extend his right arm and rotate it in an anticlockwise direction. (e) When a driver wishes to indicate to a driver of a vehicle behind him that he desires to overtake him he shall extend his right hand and arm horizontally outside of and to the right of the vehicle and shall bring the arm backward and forward in a semi- circular motion. 26 INDUCTION CUM DEFENSIVE DRIVING 27. 2015-1-31 In Case of an AccidentIn Case of an Accident The owner/driver of the vehicle must report the accident to the nearest police station within 24 hours, and also to his insurance company in the event of an accident. The driver of a vehicle involved in an auto accident that has caused injury or damage to any person, animal, vehicle or property should render all possible assistance to the injured and report the matter to the nearest police station within 24 hours