Socio-Political Preferences in Pakistan

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SDPI Political Barometer: A Study of Socio-Political Preferences of People of Pakistan

Text of Socio-Political Preferences in Pakistan

  • 1. POLITICAL BAROMETERA Study of Socio-PoliticalPreferences of People ofPakistan
  • 2. Background First civilian government completing its term Chief Election Commissioner appointed through parliamentary consensus for the first time in the countrys history Caretaker government to be decided in consultation instead of being chosen by the president
  • 3. The Political Barometer Survey Covers a wide range of socio-political indicators Conducted across broad sections of the society Rapid assessment around 1,300 respondents in 52 districts, reflecting on issues like electoral reform, governance, security, interprovincial relations, arts and culture, civil rights, and foreign policy Strata take account of ethno-linguistic lines instead of the traditional provincial demarcation
  • 4. Sampling Demographic sample based on the population census of the Pakistan Bureau of Statistics Stratified Sampling Ethno-linguistic Gender Urban/Rural Age Income Educational qualification
  • 5. Questionnaire, interviews, andchallenges Both open-ended as well as close-ended questions to minimize biases Conducted in 52 districts across Balochistan, FATA, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh Occasional reluctance and difficulty by respondents to respond to a few questions The data was verified through randomly contacting reluctant respondants Respondents understanding of technical terms like MFN
  • 6. Issues Electoral Process Civil Military Corruption Relations Inter- Foreign provincial Policy relations Political Internal Economy Security
  • 7. Electoral Process Most transparent party while contesting elections Others PPP 25% 24% PMLN PTI 24% 27%
  • 8. Least transparent party while contesting elections Others 24% PPP 41% MQM 19% PMLN 16%
  • 9. Decision to vote despite doubts about the electoral process Maybe 26% Yes 53% No 21%
  • 10. Corruption Responses on the most corrupt party Others 18% MQM 16% PPP 56% PMLN 10%
  • 11. Responses on political party that will end/reduce corruption, if in power Others 18% PPP 23% PTI PMLN 34% 25%
  • 12. Decision to vote: will it be based on levels of corruption within a political party? Maybe 24% Yes No 60% 16%
  • 13. Foreign Policy Preferences for Pakistan to have strong strategic alliance with the US Maybe Yes 32% 33% No 35%
  • 14. Are drone attacks infringement on Pakistans sovereignty? Maybe 19% No 11% Yes 70%
  • 15. Does Pakistan require foreign aid? Maybe 26% Yes 37% No 37%
  • 16. Relations with neighbors Preference to vote for a party that... Opposes peaceful ties with India 17% Maintains a neutral stance 38% Pledges peaceful ties with India 28% A partys stance on relations with India will not factor in my decision making 17%
  • 17. Should Pakistan promote a government favourable to its own interests in Afghanistan? Maybe Yes 32% 33% No 35%
  • 18. Party that can best handle Pakistans foreign affairs Others 20% PPP 30% PTI 21% PMLN 29%
  • 19. Internal Security Governments engagement with Taliban should focus on... Other 1% Negotiation Negotiation and military 36% action 39% Military action 24%
  • 20. Party that can best counter religious violence PPP Others 24% 30% PMLN PTI 26% 20%
  • 21. Party that can best counter sectarian violence PPP 22% Others 32% PMLN 24% PTI 22%
  • 22. Political Economy Economic issues facing Pakistan Unemploym Others ent 23% 21% Foreign debt Energy burden shortage 12% 19% Inflation Currency 12% devaluation 13%
  • 23. Pressing issues based on educationlevelsHigher Levels of Education Lower Levels of Education Extremism Inflation Political instability Gender Interprovincial discrimination problems Food shortages
  • 24. Sectors needing increase in govt. expenditure 12%10% 9% 9% 9% 8% 8% 8% 8% 8% 7% 7%
  • 25. Sectors needing reduction in govt.