The article Some Ways of Speaking in English: A Malaysian perspective by Hyacinth Gaudart discussed varying ways of how English was being spoken by different speakers while taking into account their different cultural backgrounds. It focused on the speech patterns used and the implication of each to English language teaching in Malaysia.
1. Gaudart, H. (2008) Some Ways of Speaking in English: A Malaysian Perspective. Malaysian Journal of ELT Research, Vol.4, 43-53. Presented by : MaizatulRanai CRITICAL REVIEW PRESENTATION
2. Ways of how English is spoken from Malaysian perspectivesand implications for English language teaching. Difficulties faced by some English speakers when coming in contact with native speakers. PARTICIPANTS : -Proficient TESL undergraduates and postgraduates -Non-Malaysian L1 & L2 speakers of English ( > 6 months in Malaysia) The main problem :
3. Observations Interviews Discussions Journals Recordings at special occasions Data collection
4. To convince readers that the ways English is being spoken is different according to the speakers cultural background. Hymes(1962) Beyond syntax and phonology, cultural differences is another dimension that needs to be given due consideration. Malaysian perspective cultural distinctions due to racial differences. Purpose
5. Communication clashes Varying pronunciation Lexical choices Ways of speaking (conversation styles) Results
6. Greetings An American was standing outside his apartment, smoking a cigarette. A neighbour came by. The American greeted the neighbourwith Hi! Howre doing? The neighbour responded, Hi! Have you eaten? Not yet, he answered. The neighbour smiled, walked on, got into his car and drive away. Examples of clashes
Situation : My little nieces birthday. However there were more adults than children.
8. Speech act : Leave taking
When it was time to leave, we said our goodbyes, but stood around the living room, still talking. Next we moved to the door and put on our footwear. We stopped and chatted for a few more minutes. The next stop was at the gate. We chatted again. I was getting impatient with my parents. I wanted them to hurry up because I had some reading to do. Then we reached the car. Guess what? We stopped to chat some more. When we finally got into the car, I thought we would take off. But my uncles family came to the car and they talked some more. When we finally left, I remembered that I should have timed how long it took us from the first leave taking to when we finally went.
9. Forms of address -Full titles ; Mr, Mrs and Ms. -Polite way or convenient way to address elders ; Uncle -Wrongly address ; Chinese names Tan Poi Lim : Mr Lim instead of Mr Tan
10. Reluctance to receiving compliments, unlike non-Malaysians. Example: A: Wah! Your dress very nice, lah! B : Nah lah! Bought from PasarMalam. Cheap..cheap only. A: PasarMalam also still nice what! B : No response Accepting compliments
11. Interactions at informal gatherings Example: (A journal kept by a Malaysian participant on a visit to Britain) A : You must try this. I only make it once a year. B : I havent tasted it before. A : Good. You can taste it now. B : Ey, not so much! A : So little how to taste? B : Little first then can take some more. A : Ah! Your husband can take some more. C : Thank you, Aunty. I think Ive had enough. A : What enough! Man must eat like a man! (Puts more food on his plate)
12. Advanced learners in schools have complained that they learn nothing in classes. Teachers of advanced learners said their students are fluent in English and there is nothing much to teach them. Conclusion
13. Teach students to vary their language according to what is appropriate. Identify forms and functions of language. Identify similarities and differences between Malaysian culture and the cultures of L1 and L2 speakers of English in other countries. Use authentic materials snippets from film/movies, documentaries, news, broadcasts, television shows, photographs, magazines, newspapers and printed materials like brochures, menus and ads. Role play and drama. Recommendation for teachers