Explores the idea that the openness approach has broken through to mainstream practice, but that the battle around the direction open education will take is just beginning.
Text of The Battle for Open
The Battle for Open Martin Weller Sign the CC- BY license!
So, Im writing this book
Central theme Openness has won But now the real direction of openness is up for grabs
This talk The roots of open ed Why is openness successful 4 areas of open ed How openness has won What the tensions are now The battle for narrative Conclusions
Why a battle? 1. There are real areas of conflict 2. There is real value to be won 3. The victor writes history a battle for narrative http://www.flickr.com/photos/clydeorama/5099069820/
Roots of (modern) open ed Open universities open access, entry. Focus on methods, removing barriers, not free Free software 4 freedom (purpose, change, redistribute, distribute modified). Emphasis on control Open source given enough eyeballs all bugs are shallow. Emphasis on efficiency Web 2.0 culture of sharing, open practice
Open education is (Avoids definition) Set of coalescing principles: Freedom to reuse Open access Free cost Easy use Digital, networked content Social, community based approaches Ethical arguments for openness Openness as efficient model
(for more, see) David Wiley: iSummit '08 Keynote Address http://vimeo.com/17960 14 A history of Openness From Peter, S., & Deimann, M. (2013). On the role of openness in education: A historical reconstruction. Open Praxis, 5(1), 7-14.
Open access [Source: University of Southampton, ROARMAP, http://roarmap.eprints.org/ Published under a CC-BY license]
Major breakthroughs Free online access to scholarly works Major policies in many countries Gold route & Green route More than 50% have published OA OA Impact advantage
Growth of OA Laakso M, Welling P, Bukvova H, Nyman L, Bjrk B-C, et al. (2011) The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009. PLoS ONE 6(6): e20961. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0020961
The battle Gold route Matthew effect, can be more expensive No incentive to innovate Elsevier take down on Academia.edu Predatory OA journals Changes relationship Hybrid models
Major breakthroughs OpenCourseware since 2001 (LOs earlier) Repositories in major languages and areas OCWC 260 institutions Open Textbooks
Some findings Saylor: Increased enthusiasm for study (59%). Increased interest in subject (58%), Gaining confidence (50%) Over 30% of students reported studying their subject via OER before joining their course 60% CCCOER identified reduced cost of materials as a driver of student retention OpenStax downloads 120K times, leading to an estimated $3 million savings for students (Green 2013) Feldstein et al. (2013) 47% of students purchased the paper textbooks, 93% of students reading the free online textbook
OER Research Hub Oerresearchhub.org Chaos.open.ac.uk
Battle Is there enough impact? OCL survey Pearson OpenClass Overtaken by MOOCs? In general, an open success story?
MOOCs Image David Kernohan
Awareness Figure 5.1: Google Trends plot of relative interest in MOOCs (red) and OERs (blue).
(but still not that important)
Uptake Udacity, Iversity, Coursera, Open2Study, FutureLearn, EdX Large registrations (Coursera 17m enrolments) On Newsnight, in NYT, etc If education was grunge, MOOCs were its Nirvana (George Siemens)
The battle Not really open Commercially driven adoption of open Openness is the first casualty Contracts with unis Support for learners Centralised platform & data Sustainability
Open scholarship By Gideon Burton http://www.flickr.com/photos/wakingtiger/3157622458/in/set-72157612021421472/
Open practice Online identity is now becoming the norm Recognised by institution Complements existing practice Part of research projects Area of innovation Open research, open data
Battle Promotion still not sure about it Disciplinary tension Pressure to have online identity Exposure to risk The quantified self Not without cost
The Silicon Valley narrative a technological fix is both possible and in existence; external forces will change, or disrupt, an existing sector; wholesale revolution is required the solution is provided by commerce.
Education is broken The education space is massive, very broken (Tauber 2013) Education is broken. Face it. It is so broken at so many ends, it requires a little bit of Silicon Valley magic Thrun The models of higher education that marched triumphantly across the globe in the second half of the 20th century are broken (Avalanche report) The education space is massive, very broken (Shirky) Education is broken. Someone should do something degreed.com
A disruption obsession disruption is a necessary and overdue chapter in our public schools. (Christensen) elements of the traditional university are threatened by the coming avalanche. In Clayton Christensens terms, universities are ripe for disruption (Avalanche report) OERs have not noticeably disrupted the traditional business model of higher education . (Korteyemer)
The MOOC media perfect storm Education is broken! Education is ripe for disruption! MOOCs are technological solution! Outsiders with new ideas!
Avoid open Stalinism Dont replace one mono-culture with another The most interesting thing about openness is that it allows innovation
Beware Openwashing Free = open Temporary openness Venture capital bearing open gifts Silicon valley sexiness
Conclusions Openness is not just a peripheral interest It has entered mainstream academic practice Much of the future direction of HE relates to openness So
Ownership over the direction of openness is relevant to all those in HE
Some links: Battle for open article: http://jime.open.ac.uk/jime/article/view/201 3-15 Relevant Blog bits: http://nogoodreason.typepad.co.uk/no_good _reason/battle/ Publisher: ubiquitypress.com Oerresearchhub.org Impact map: chaos.open.ac.uk