of 19 /19
By: Damay & Reyes

The Fall of Communist Regimes

Embed Size (px)

Citation preview

REGIMES

By: Damay & Reyes

REPORT OUTLINE

What is communism and how did it start?

Communism in:

Russia

China

East Berlin

Conclusion

What is communism?

Communism, also

known as Marxism or

"Revolutionary

Proletarian Socialism,"

is an economic and

political philosophy.

What is communism?

basically, it is a

system of social

organization in

which property is

held in common

What is communism?

In modern usage, the term

Communism is applied to

the movement that aims to

overthrow the capitalist

order by revolutionary

means and to establish a

classless society in which all

goods will be socially

owned.

(Marx & Engels, 1844)

How did it start?

How did it start?

Communism is

the progression

from capitalism

thru socialism

How did it start?For a Capitalist society to transition, thefirst step is Socialism. From a capitalistsystem, it is easier to achieve the Socialistideal where production is distributedaccording to people's accomplishments.

For Communism, it is necessary to firsthave production so high that there isenough for everyone's needs. In an idealCommunist society, people work notbecause they have to but because theywant to and out of a sense ofresponsibility.

How did it start?

In a Socialist economy, the means ofproducing and distributing goods isowned collectively or by a centralizedgovernment that often plans and controlsthe economy.

In a communist society, there is nocentralized government - there is acollective ownership of property and theorganization of labour for the commonadvantage of all members.

Communism in Russia

-Czar (1894 - 1917)-RPG (March 1917 - Nov 1917)-Lenin (1917)

Bolshevik Revolution (1917)Russian Civil War (1918-1922)

-USSR (December 30, 1922)-Stalin (1924)-Successive Dictators

Communism in Russia

-Cold War (1945)Tension bet US & USSRSpread of CommunismDomino EffectUS Policy of ContainmentProxy Wars

-Gorbachev’s advocacy of change (1985-1989)-Fall of Soviet Union

USSR's disintegrationStructural ProblemsGorbachev's Policies (Glasnost & Perestroika)

Gorbachev & Reagan's good relationsUSSR's demoralization

Communism in China

China is one of the world'smost prominent communistgov’ts. Mao Zedong, China'sdictator, launched and raisedthe communist government inChina, employing many ofStalin's tactics.

Communism in China

“Great Leap Forward”collectivisation of agriculture

They were forced into slavelabour, and personal ties theyhad to their families and formerlives were severed. Mao alsoforced mass industrialisation.

Communism in Berlin

Communism in Berlin

Communism in Berlin

The Berlin Wall was the physical divisionbetween West Berlin and East Berlin & thesymbolic boundary between Democracyand Communism during the Cold War.

The wall stood for 28 years to keepGermans from the east from escapingtowards the west side of Berlin.

Communism in Berlin

Communism in Berlin

The fall of the Berlin Wall happened nearlyas suddenly as its rise. There had beensigns that the Communist bloc wasweakening.

After the Berlin Wall came down, East andWest Germany reunified into a singleGerman state on October 3, 1990.

Вывод♦结论♦AbschlussWe therefore conclude that eventually, thingswould turn out the way one does not plan it to.People changes and so do their needs, aspirations,and outlooks. All things are, indeed, temporary.This came out to be our conclusion because theleaders of the states mentioned above neverrealized or it may not have come in their mind thatcommunist regimes would fall at one time.

Living in the contemporary era, wherein eventscould be much unanticipated unlike before,preparedness is a recommendation. We may neverknow when another regime may rise and wouldeventually fall. Since time flies so fast, the needs ofthe people also changes hence the ideologies putup by the leaders have the tendency to beinappropriate to the situation.

References:

Internet

Books

— FIN —