CONTENTS1. GLASSWARES- INTRODUCTION2. HISTORY OF GLASS3. HOW THEY ARE MADE AT
PRESENT??4. WHY GLASS IS USED?5. IMPORTANCE OF GLASS
DRINKWARES6. TYPES OF GLASSWARES7. GLASSWARES MANUFACTURING
GLASSWARES- INTRODUCTION The term glassware can be used to refer to
the items that are made from glass. Glassware usually refers to glass items used as tableware, (dishes, cutlery, flatware)and drinkware used to set a table for eating a meal.
In catering industry “glassware” is used to refer to all types of drinkwares.
Glassware is a key element for creating the complete tableware. Its utility is both functional and decorative and there is no table arrangement without some kind of glassware.
There is a wide variety of glassware of different sizes and shapes, each one serving a different beverage or drink.
HISTORY OF GLASS Pliny, the Roman historian, wrote about Phoenician merchants who
accidentally discovered glass in Syria about 5000 B.C. when they placed cooking pots on blocks of nitrate. The high temperatures of the fire's heat melted the nitrate, which mixed with sand, formed an opaque liquid and cooled as glass.
However, anthropologists believe that glass beads from Egypt and Mesopotamia in 3500 B.C. were the first actual handmade glassware. The oldest glass vases thus far found were produced in 16th century B.C. in Mesopotamia, China and Egypt.
glass manufacture became more efficient with the use of soda lime, and developed to a higher level in Venice, Italy. Glasses as we have them today became more widely available only after nearly revolutionary developments in glass manufacture occurred in the 1890's
HOW ARE THEY MADE AT PRESENT? Glass production involves two main
methods – the float glass process, which produces sheet glass and glassblowing, which produces bottles and other containers.
Glass is made by heating sand until it melts and then allowing it to cool. To get different types of glass, various metal-based alkalis are added to the sand mixture.
In addition, different materials are added to the mixture to affect color and create the patterns found in the different types of glasses available today.
When created properly, glass can be: strong, hard, elastic, chemical & corrosion-resistant, thermal shock- resistant, heat-absorbent, electrically insulating and can display optical properties.
WHY GLASS IS USED? Today, new technologies facilitate the
production of glass making it one of the most affordable home products available.
Glass has another important quality: its great clarity and versatility. Glass can be molded into any shape and size unlike ceramics which needs a certain thickness and shape.
Glassware is easy to imprint, making it one of the top choices for low level marketing purposes. Every printing technology works on glass, fitting every budget.
Glass is one of the most sterile materials because it doesn’t react with most acids and substances. Its chemical resistance is the reason why is widely used in homes and hospitals.
IMPORTANCE OF GLASS DRINKWARESFrom the ancient times glassware has always been a hallmark of high class. In our days anyone can afford to buy and own glassware. Although it is not necessary, but every glassware piece has its specific usage. Some liquids are meant to be sipped from a specific type of glass. Some examples are: Strong liquor requires a thick, not very tall, blank glass. Water generally requires a big glass. Beer mugs and water glasses are used daily so they are
built to last, while Champagne and wine glasses are built from a more
expensive type of glass, usually crystal and they are used rarely so their quality is a bit higher although they are more fragile.
Juice glasses on the other hand, are smaller than water glasses and they come in a greater variety of colors and decorations.
TYPES OF GLASSWARES1. Beverage GlassesThese all-purpose glasses can be used to hold any beverage. They come in various sizes, shapes and capacities to fit dining room needs.
2. Water GlassesA water glass can be any glass used for every day purposes. Generally taller than a juice glass, and often rounded with straight sides. Water glasses hold anywhere from 5 to 14 ounces of water.
3.Iced Tea GlassesSome iced tea glasses resemble regular beverage glasses while some have stems and resemble wine glass or a goblet. These glasses can be used for iced tea, as well as water or any other beverage
1. Beer SteinsThese heavy thick mugs are designed to hold beer without breakage. They have sturdy handles for easier lifting. Beer steins are a special kind of beer mug that originated in German. Typically, they hold between 12 and 16 ounces. A beer stein is much like a beer mug, but includes a thumb rest or a lid.
2. Beer GlassesSome glasses are specifically designed to hold pints of beer or pilsner and lager beers. Pilsner glasses are flared with the top being wider than the bottom. Pint glasses are large, most tapering down to the bottom.
1. Hurricane GlassesThese glasses are shaped like the old-fashioned hurricane lamps, and are designed to hold fruity cocktails and other drink concoctions.
2. Margarita GlassesMargarita glasses are usually large with a bowl shape, and sometimes have a smaller bowl below the large bowl for a decorative touch. The glass is wide so that the rim can be coated in salt or sugar to accent the drink.
3.Martini /Cocktail GlassesFor serving martinis or any other cocktail, use a martini glass or cocktail glass. The triangular bowl shape holds martinis, cosmopolitans, manhattans, and other fun cocktails. They are also great for serving champagne.
4. Cordial GlassesA cordial glass can be used to serve any kind of sweet liqueurs. They can also function as an elegant glass for serving beer samples.
Continued…5. Rocks GlassesSometimes called a lowball glass, the old-fashioned is a short, squat glass used for serving drinks “on the rocks.” Suitable for many cocktails or straight liquors served on ice. Most hold 6 to 8 ounces.6. Highball GlassesThese straight-sided, tall glasses are used for mixed drinks that have a higher percentage of mixer than alcohol, such as gin and tonic, scotch and soda or bourbon and water. They hold between 8 and 12 ounces.
7. Collins GlassesA collins glass is a glass tumbler which typically will contain 10 to 14 fluid ounces It is used to serve mixed drinks, especially Tom Collins cocktails. It is cylindrical in shape and narrower than a highball glass.
8.Cosmopolitan GlassesIdeal for holding cosmos or other mixed drinks, cosmopolitan glasses resemble a stemless cocktail glass.
Continued...9. Shot, Shooter and Whiskey GlassesThese glasses can be used to hold single liquors or liquor concoctions. Shooter glasses are usually taller than shot glasses, while whiskey glasses are wide enough to fit ice. The Bottoms of the glasses are extra thick, so that they absorb the shock of being slammed on a surface.
10. Brandy SniftersThey are shaped somewhat like a fishbowl with a stem, a snifter is traditionally used to serve brandy or whiskey. The stem is short so the glass can be held easily in the palm, keeping the drink warm. Snifters hold 8 to 12 ounces.
11.Coffee GlassesThese glass mugs can be used to hold any type of warm or iced beverage, such as coffee, tea or cider. In a bar setting, they are often used to serve Irish coffee, because the glass mug keeps the beverage warm while adding a decorative touch to the drink.
1. Red Wine GlassesRed wine glasses are designed to have a larger rim so that the person drinking the wine can smell the aroma while sipping the wine. Red wine glasses are slightly fatter and rounder than white wine glasses. 2. White Wine GlassesWhite wine glasses have a smaller rim than the red. The stemmed glasses keep chilled wines cooler longer, as the person drinking the wine can hold the stem instead of holding the glass.3. Sherry GlassesSherry glasses resemble red wine glasses, only they are a bit smaller and are made to hold fortified wines, like port, or wines with a strong aroma. Sherry has a distinct aroma that gets trapped in these special glasses.
4.Glass GobletsGoblets have a shorter stem than wine glasses, but can still be used to hold wine or sherry. They can also be used to hold water or other beverages.
Continued...5. Champagne GlassesThe commonly used champagne glass, a flute has a long stem and a narrow shape rising up to a slightly narrowed lip. The small opening helps keep the carbonation inside of the glass longer, so that it keeps the drink from going flat. Typically, they hold 6 to 8 ounces.