Dr. Charles Friedman Transcending HIE

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Connecting Michigan for Health 2013 http://mihin.org/

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  • 1. Transcending HIE: Envisioning Michigan as a Learning Health State Charles P. Friedman Professor of Information and Public Health University of Michigan June 6, 2013
  • 2. Main Menu The importance of transcending HIE The Learning Health System (LHS) as that transcending concept And the idea of Michigan as a Learning Health State Building a Learning Health System 2
  • 3. 3 3 A Learning Health State Pharma Beacon Community Integrated Delivery System Patient- centered Groups Health Information Organization Health Center Network Government Agencies State Public Health Governance Patient Engagement Trust Analysis Dissemination
  • 4. The June 2008 Health IT Strategic Plan 4 improvement, and emergency preparedness. Each goal has four objectives and the themes of privacy and security, interoperability, adoption, and collaborative governance recur across the goals, but they apply in very different ways to health care and population health. The goals, as they are organized around the core themes, are summarized below: Privacy andPrivacy and SecuritySecurity InteroperabilityInteroperability AdoptionAdoption CollaborativeCollaborative GovernanceGovernance Goal 1:Goal 1: PatientPatient--focusedfocused Health CareHealth Care Goal 2:Goal 2: Population HealthPopulation Health
  • 5. Definitions from the June, 2008 Plan Patient-focused Health Care: Enable the transformation to higher quality, more cost- efficient, patient-focused health care through electronic health information access and use by care providers, and by patients and their designees. Population Health: Enable the appropriate, authorized, and timely access and use of electronic health information to benefit public health, biomedical research, quality improvement, and emergency preparedness. 5
  • 6. ONCs Current Vision of HIE From the National HIE Governance Forum Kickoff Meeting: April, 2013 The goal of health information exchange is for information to follow a patient where and when it is needed, across organizational, vendor, and geographic boundaries. 6
  • 7. From Which It Follows Patient-focused Health Care: Enable the transformation to higher quality, more cost-efficient, patient-focused health care through electronic health information access and use by care providers, and by patients and their designees. Population Health: Enable the appropriate, authorized, and timely access and use of electronic health information to benefit public health, biomedical research, quality improvement, and emergency preparedness. 7 Requires HIE! Requires Something More
  • 8. Main Menu The importance of transcending HIE The Learning Health System (LHS) as that transcending concept And the idea of Michigan as a Learning Health State Building a Learning Health System 8
  • 9. Two Metaphors 9
  • 10. A Learning Health System (LHS) one in which progress in science, informatics, and care culture align to generate new knowledge as an ongoing, natural by-product of the care experience, and seamlessly refine and deliver best practices for continuous improvement in health and health care. (Institute of Medicine) 10
  • 11. In Simpler Language The health system is going digital ~30% now ~80% by 2019 If each care provider, patient, researcher, used his/her own data only for immediate needs, we are undershooting the potential If comparable data are shared, we can establish a virtuous cycle of study, learning and improvement The key is to figure out how to do this routinely. 11
  • 12. Adoption of Basic Electronic Health Records Among Office-based Physicians Source: National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control, NAMC (National Ambulatory Medical Care) Survey 12
  • 13. Learning from Shared Data 13Slide courtesy of Kenneth Mandl
  • 14. Routine Implies Infrastructure 14
  • 15. 15 15 A National-Scale Learning Health System Pharma Beacon Community Integrated Delivery System Patient- centered Groups Health Information Organization Health Center Network Federal Agencies State Public Health Governance Patient Engagement Trust Analysis Dissemination
  • 16. Or a Smart Grid for Health 16
  • 17. A Learning System Will Make These Things Possible 17 years to 17 months, or maybe 17 weeks or even 17 hours Post-market surveillance of a new drug quickly reveals that personalized dosage algorithms require modification. A modified decision support rule is created and is implemented in EHR systems. During an epidemic, new cases reported directly from EHRs. As the disease spreads into new areas, clinicians are alerted. A patient faces a difficult medical decision. She bases that decision on the experiences of other patients like her. 17
  • 18. The LHS: One Infrastructure that Supports Research Clinical Comparative effectiveness Translational Public Health Surveillance Situational Awareness Quality Improvement Health process and outcomes research Best practice dissemination Consumer Engagement Knowledge-driven decision making 18
  • 19. The LHS as Currently Envisioned Infrastructure: Beyond HIE A federation Not a centralized database Grounded in public trust and patient engagement Participatory governance An Ultra Large Scale System Just enough standardization Supports innovation around standards 19
  • 20. The LHS as a Fractal 20 At every level of scale, it looks pretty much the same Local, state, national, global 20 Sierpinskys Triangle
  • 21. 21 21 A Learning Health State Pharma Integrated Delivery System Patient- centered Groups Health Center Network Beacon Community Health Information Organization Government Agencies State Public Health Governance Patient Engagement Trust Analysis Dissemination
  • 22. A Learning Health State Would support all LHS population health functions at the state level Could be a mega node in the national LHS Minnesota (Martin LaVenture) and Vermont (Hunt Blair) heading this direction Adds transcendent purpose to HIE 22
  • 23. Main Menu The importance of transcending HIE The Learning Health System (LHS) as that transcending concept And the idea of Michigan as a Learning Health State Building a Learning Health System 23
  • 24. LHS: A Pillar of the 2011 Federal Health IT Strategic Plan Better Technology Better Information Transform Health Care Goal V: Achieve Rapid Learning and Technological Advancement Goal IV: Empower Individuals with Health IT to Improve their Health and the Health Care System Goal III: Inspire Confidence and Trust in Health IT Goal II: Improve Care, Improve Population Health, and Reduce Health Care Costs through the Use of Health IT Goal I: Achieve Adoption and Information Exchange through Meaningful Use of Health IT 24
  • 25. IOM Reports Digital Infrastructure for the Learning Health System: The Foundation for Continuous Improvement in Health and Health Care 25 Best Care at Lower Cost: The Path to Continuously Learning Health Care in America
  • 26. Perspective: Jan 3, 2013 Code Red and Blue Safely Limiting Health Cares GDP Footprint Arnold Milstein, M.D., M.P.H. U.S. health care needs to adopt new work methods, outlined in the Institute of Medicines vision for a learning health system Such methods would enable clinicians and health care managers to more rapidly improve value by continuously examining current clinical workflows, management tools from other service industries, burgeoning databases, and advances in applied sciences (especially health psychology and information, communication, and materials technologies). They could then use the insights gained to design and test innovations for better fulfilling patients health goals with less spending and rapidly scaling successful innovations. 26
  • 27. The LHS