Planes of the body

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PLANES OF THE BODYByDina Abdel-Azim Ghazy GhorabaLecturer of medical science Body CavitiesCranial Brain, pituitary gland.Thoracic Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta (large artery).The thoracic cavity can be divided into two smaller cavitiesa. Pleural cavityspace between the membranes that surround each lung. Each pleural cavity is lined with a double-folded membrane called pleura. If the pleura becomes inflamed (as in pleuritis or pleurisy), the pleural cavity can fill with fluid b. Mediastinumcentrally located area outside of and between the lungs. It contains the heart, aorta, trachea, esophagus, thymus gland, bronchial tubes, and many lymph nodes.

Abdominal Stomach, small and large intestines, spleen, pancreas, liver, and gallbladder.The peritoneum is the double-folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity .The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs situated behind (retroperitoneal area) the abdominal cavity on either side of the backbonePelvic Portions of the small and large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, and ureters (uterus and vagina in the female).

Spinal Nerves of the spinal cord.

Abdominopelvic Cavity

Thoracic cavity Abdominopelvic Regions Epigastric region: region above the stomach.Lumbar regions: two middle right and left regions near the waistUmbilical region: region of the navel or umbilicus.Inguinal regions: two lower right and left regions near the groinHypogastric region lower middle region below the umbilical region

Abdominopelvic QuadrantsRight upper quadrant (RUQ) Contains the liver (right lobe), gallbladder, part ofthe pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines. Left upper quadrant (LUQ) Contains the liver (left lobe), stomach, spleen, part ofthe pancreas, parts of the small and large intestines. Right lower quadrant (RLQ) Contains parts of the small and large intestines, rightovary, right fallopian tube, appendix, right ureter. Left lower quadrant (LLQ) contains parts of the small and large intestines, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter.

Divisions of the Back (Spinal Column)

CervicalNeck region. There are 7 cervical vertebrae (C1-C7).ThoracicChest region. There are 12 thoracic vertebrae (T1-T12).LumbarLoin (waist) or flank region. There are 5 lumbar vertebrae (L1-L5). SacralFive bones (S1-S5) are fused to form one bone Coccygeal (tailbone) is a small bone composed of 4 fused pieces.

Planes of the Body1-2-3-

Frontal (coronal) Sagittal (lateral) Transverse (cross-sectional)

Other Directional termsAnterior (ventral)Posterior (dorsal) DeepSuperficial ProximalDistal

InferiorSuperiorMedialLateralSupineProne