Making Effective Slides

  • Published on
    19-Aug-2014

  • View
    11.370

  • Download
    8

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

Presentation about slide design, given at ANU July 2014

Transcript

<ul><li> IMPRESSIVE MEYERS, BUT LETS STICK TO YOUR QUANTITATIVE PROJECTIONS WELCOME TO Designing Effective Presentations </li> <li> HELLO my name is </li> <li> HELLO my name is I AM A </li> <li> TODAY I WILL BE TALKING ABOUT What is Effective Slide Design? Using Type, Images and Color Some Information Design Basics </li> <li> Slides are not a document </li> <li> The audience will either listen or read (AND YOU READ THIS FASTER THAN I CAN SAY IT) </li> <li> Less stuff on slide = Less turning your back </li> <li> &gt; 75 WORDS = DOCUMENT 50 WORDS = TELEPROMPTER VISUAL AID = PRESENTATION SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY DRAWING ON SETH GODWIN </li> <li> Less content shows confidence in your content </li> <li> Text heavy slides are boring (AND MAKE YOUR CONTENT LOOK BORING) </li> <li> (DONT MAKE A SLIDEUMENT*) Handouts are an alternative SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY DRAWING ON GARR RENYOLDS </li> <li> TELEPROMPTER VISUAL AID SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY DRAWING ON SETH GODWIN </li> <li> ACADEMIC CONFERENCE COMMERCIAL PITCH 3MT </li> <li> Simple is not always so simple Making effective slides will take longer than you think (3690 HOURS FOR A ONE HOUR PRESENTATION WITH 30 SLIDES) SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY </li> <li> THE KEY TO KEEPING SLIDES SIMPLE Figure/Ground </li> <li> Jane Austen was an English novel- ist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. GROUND FIGURE </li> <li> Signal to Noise Ratio </li> <li> Maximize Signal Minimize Noise </li> <li> Avoid complicated shapes behind text </li> <li> Avoid strong colors in the background Unless your type contrasts </li> <li> Avoid bright colors on white (ESPECIALLY IF YOUR TYPE IS SMALL AND/OR THERE IS A LOT OF IT) </li> <li> Use less contrasty patterns like this one </li> <li> or use sizeWHICH CAN (SORT OF, MOST OF THE TIME) OVERCOME A CONTRASTY BACKGROUND </li> <li> Line stuff up and dont mix alignments </li> <li> Avoid panel-itis </li> <li> Dont sprinkle </li> <li> CREATE FOCUS </li> <li> Hierarchy </li> <li> Hierarchy helps the audience read in the right order So they will understand your main point THIS SLIDE IS FOR THE FOUCAULT THEORISTS </li> <li> or making things bigger Making things brighter Create hierarchy by placing stuff at the top of the page or </li> <li> Negative space does not need to be filled </li> <li> It creates visual breathing space </li> <li> WORKING WITH type/image/color </li> <li> Images have negative space too </li> <li> Serif OR Sans Serif (and typefaces who cant decide) </li> <li> typefacescommunicate </li> <li> People disagree least with: Baskerville SOURCE: ERROL MORRIS, NEW YORK TIMES 2012 </li> <li> People disagree the most with: Comic Sans SOURCE: ERROL MORRIS, NEW YORK TIMES 2012 </li> <li> Contrast between thick and thin strokes is hard to read </li> <li> Minimal contrast is easier to read </li> <li> Gill Sans Ultra Bold Comic Sans Optima Papyrus Futura BrushScript Times New Roman </li> <li> Do not compress or extend type (YES, EVEN TO FIT STUFF ON THE SLIDE!) </li> <li> Use weight for emphasis rather than changing the typeface </li> <li> Dont use more than three typeface changes on one single SLIDE </li> <li> Becarefulwithjustifiedtype. Especially when in a box </li> <li> Animations can be distracting (USE THEM SPARINGLY) </li> <li> Transition noises can be cheesy (THEY CHEAPEN THE TONE) </li> <li> Avoid clip art and cheap looking cartoons </li> <li> use high quality images </li> <li> Dont distort images </li> <li> Size images so they can be aligned </li> <li> This is not more interesting its just messy </li> <li> Avoid Visual Clichs </li> <li> SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY </li> <li> COLOR HAS CULTURAL AND PERSONAL MEANING Red = Death? Life + Creativity? Happiness? Danger? (BUT IT IS NOT THAT SIMPLE, CONTEXT IS IMPORTANT) </li> <li> THERE ARE ONLY 5 WAYS TO ORGANIZE INFORMATION LATCH </li> <li> LOCATION ALPHABETICAL TIME CATEGORY HIERARCHY </li> <li> Arrange data by the story you want to tell: Location / data flow about distance/geography </li> <li> Arrange data by the story you want to tell: Location / data flow about distance/geography Alphabetical / good for non-linear/miscellaneous information </li> <li> Arrange data by the story you want to tell: Location / data flow about distance/geography Alphabetical / good for non-linear/miscellaneous information Time / sequence/change over time </li> <li> Arrange data by the story you want to tell: Location / data flow about distance/geography Alphabetical / good for non-linear/miscellaneous information Time / sequence/change over time Category / arrange by similarity or relatedness </li> <li> Arrange data by the story you want to tell: Location / data flow about distance/geography Alphabetical / good for non-linear/miscellaneous information Time / sequence/change over time Category / arrange by similarity or relatedness Hierarchy / common measure (highest to lowest, best to worst) </li> <li> NANCY DUARTES RULES ABOUT SHOWING DATA Tell the Truth SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY </li> <li> NANCY DUARTES RULES ABOUT SHOWING DATA Tell the Truth Get to the Point SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY </li> <li> NANCY DUARTES RULES ABOUT SHOWING DATA Tell the Truth Get to the Point Pick the right tool for the job SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY </li> <li> NANCY DUARTES RULES ABOUT SHOWING DATA Tell the Truth Get to the Point Pick the right tool for the job Highlight whats important SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY </li> <li> NANCY DUARTES RULES ABOUT SHOWING DATA Tell the Truth Get to the Point Pick the right tool for the job Highlight whats important Keep it simple SOURCE: NANCY DUARTE IN SLIDEOLOGY </li> <li> Pick the Right Tool for the Job Bar Charts / compare items </li> <li> Pick the Right Tool for the Job Bar Charts / compare items Line Graphs / show trends over time </li> <li> Pick the Right Tool for the Job Bar Charts / compare items Line Graphs / show trends over time Pie Charts / emphasize proportions </li> <li> Pick the Right Tool for the Job Bar Charts / compare items Line Graphs / show trends over time Pie Charts / emphasize proportions Flowcharts / show process and connectedness </li> <li> Scale 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Skill Development 86% 77% 90% 96% 92% 89% 92% Goals and Expectations 75% 80% 83% 88% 92% 87% 88% Examination 74% 62% 72% 77% 79% 80% 78% Supervision 64% 65% 70% 80% 74% 72% 75% Infrastructure 52% 44% 60% 68% 67% 65% 74% Intellectual Climate 45% 34% 49% 54% 56% 55% 59% Overall Satisfaction 68% 69% 73% 87% 85% 78% 75% </li> <li> Highlight whats important </li> <li> 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 45 40 35 30 % 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 SKILL DEVELOPMENT GOALS AND EXPECTATIONS EXAMINATION SUPERVISION INFRASTRUCTURE INTELLECTUAL CLIMATE OVERALL SATISFACTION </li> <li> Remember: Signal to Noise </li> <li> Nancy Duartes book: Slideology slideology.com Really Bad Powerpoint by Seth Godin: sethgodin.com/freeprize/reallybad-1.pdf presentationzen.com Typeface Research: opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/ 2012/08/08/hear-all-ye-people-hearken-o-earth/ </li> <li> Any Questions? </li> </ul>