Open Science & Altmetrics

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  • Open Science & AltmetricsProfessor Dr. Isabella Peters, Web Science

  • MOTIVATION

  • Motivation I:

    Social media & the Web are all over the place

    Source: http://www.domo.com/learn/data-never-sleeps-2

  • Allgemeine und berufliche

    Nutzung von Online-Toolsn

    use in

    scientific

    workflows

    metrics &

    information

    gathering

    just

    profile,

    no use

    Van N

    oord

    en,

    R.

    (2014).

    Scie

    ntists

    and

    the

    socia

    lnetw

    ork

    . N

    atu

    re,

    512,

    126129.

    doi:10.1

    038/5

    12126a

  • Motivation II:

    Social media in

    scholarly

    communication

    https://101innovations.wordpress.com/

  • Motivation II:

    Social media in scholarly communication

  • OPEN SCIENCE

  • Drivers:

    Open science push

    Carlos MoedasCommissioner for Research, Science &

    Innovation

    :the way that science works is

    fundamentally changing and an equally

    important transformation is taking place in

    how companies and societies innovate. Put

    simply, the advent of digital technologies is

    making science and innovation more open,

    collaborative, and global.

    Mai 2016

    Directorate-General for Research &

    Innovation

    DOI: 10.2777/061652

  • Open science in the EU

    Video: https://www.leibniz-

    science20.de/de/die-european-open-

    science-cloud-in-den-digitalen-medien/

  • Open science in the EU

    High Level Expert Group on the European Open Science Cloud:

    metaphor to help convey both

    seamlessness and the idea of a

    commons based on scientific datahttps://ec.europa.eu/research/openscience/pdf/realising_the_european_open_science_cloud_2016.pdf

  • 2. Analysis, discussion

    in blogs, wikis1. Publication of

    gene sequence

    3. Scientific publication

    EHEC

    Escherichia

    coli bacterium

  • Open science: Examples & success stories

    http://punkish.org/

    A-lawyer-a-

    scientist-and-a-kid

    https://github.com/leereilly/swot

  • Open science: Examples & success stories

    Early feedback

    https://www.icahdq.org/pubs/calls/Jour

    nalOfMedia.asp

  • Open science: Examples & success stories

    Page 14

    Early feedback

    http://riojournal.com/

  • Open science: Examples & success stories

  • EC, 2016, DOI: 10.2777/061652

    Open science: Definitions

    Open Science opens up the

    entire research enterprise

    (inner circle) by using a variety

    of means and digital tools

    (outer circle)

    From publishing as fast as

    possible to sharing as fast as

    possible

  • Open science: Definition

    The Open Definition (http://opendefinition.org)

    Relates to open source software

    Knowledge is open if anyone is free to access, use, modify, and

    share it subject, at most, to measures that preserve provenance and openness.

  • Benefits of open science

    Science system vs.

    individual researcher

    Quality

    Efficiency

    Reproducibility

    Credibility

    Visibility

    http://whyopenresearch.orgEC, 2016, DOI: 10.2777/061652

  • Benefits of (online) open science: Visibility

    Beel, J., Gipp, B., & Wilde, E. (2010). Academic Search

    Engine Optimization (ASEO): Optimizing Scholarly Literature

    for Google Scholar and Co. Journal of Scholarly Publishing,

    41(2), 176190. doi: 10.3138/jsp.41.2.176

  • Benefits of (online) open science: Visibility

    Page 20http://de.slideshare.net/growkudos/authors-

    use-of-social-media

  • Benefits of (online) open science: Visibility

    Page 21

    Swan, A. (2010). The Open Access citation

    advantage: Studies and results to date (Technical

    Report). URL:

    http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/id/eprint/268516

  • Benefits of open science: paradigm shift

  • Risks (?) of open science

    Blogging is a waste of precious time that could be spent on legitimate

    publishing

    Because its a form of self-publishing that lacks peer review, blogging

    isnt usually viewed as a legitimate form of scholarship

    Dismissal of my work because its online [and] criticisms that my work

    isnt good enough to be published anywhere else.

    Sometimes blogging is even seen as disseminating ones ideas too

    freely. In a competitive academic field, research ideas could be

    scooped from a blog, while established journals may not want to

    publish work thats available in some form online.

    http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2011/11/3

    0/should-you-enter-the-academic-blogosphere/

  • ALTMETRICS

  • Doom of metrics: Academia fights back

    San Francisco Declaration of Research Assessment (http://am.ascb.org/dora)

    The declaration intends to halt the practice of correlating the

    journal impact factor to the merits of a specific scientist's

    contributions. [:] this practice creates biases and inaccuracies

    when appraising scientific research. [:] the impact factor is not

    to be used as a substitute measure of the quality of individual

    research articles, or in hiring, promotion, or funding decisions

    Altmetrics Manifesto (http://altmetrics.org/manifesto) Altmetrics expand our view of what impact looks like, but also of

    whats making the impact. [:] Unlike citation metrics, altmetrics

    will track impact outside the academy, impact of influential but

    uncited work, and impact from sources that arent peer-reviewed.

    [:] The speed of altmetrics presents the opportunity to create

    real-time recommendation and collaborative filtering systems

  • Altmetrics in open science

  • Altmetrics in open science

    The call for open metrics

    research products and data sources for metric development need

    to be logically selected, open documented, and chosen in line with

    the disciplinary norms;

    data that underlies metrics, indicators, and measurements need to

    be open and accessible (preferably via automatic processes, e.g.

    API);

    provision of software that was used for calculations;

    logical, scientific, and documented explanation of how data were

    derived and metrics calculated.

    Herb, U. (2016). Impactmessung, Transparenz

    & Open Science: Open Metrics. Online:

    https://www.scinoptica.com/2016/09/impactme

    ssung-transparenz-open-science/

  • CONCLUSIONS

  • Conclusions

  • Conclusions

    Science of open science

  • Conclusion

    Open science is science

    http://imgur.com/74I7MBx?r

    science

    qualityopen

  • Seite 32

    Conclusions

    http://blog.ucsusa.org/rachel-cleetus/you-cant-delete-climate-change

  • Professor Dr. Isabella Peters

    ZBW Leibniz Information Center for

    Economics & Kiel University

    i.peters@zbw.eu

    Thank you!

  • Gillet, D., El Helou, S., Joubert, M., & Sutherland, R. (2009). Science

    2.0: Supporting a Doctoral Community of Practice in Technology

    Enhanced Learning using Social Software. In Science2.0 for TEL,

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    Learning (ECTEL09), Nice, France.

    Shneiderman, B. (2008). COMPUTER SCIENCE: Science 2.0. Science,

    319(5868), 1349-1350. doi: 10.1126/science.1153539

    Underwood, J., Luckin, R., Smith, H., Walker, K., Rowland, D.,

    Fitzpatrick, G., Good, J., Benford, S. (2009): Reflections on Participatory

    Science for TELSci2.0, In: Science2.0 for TEL, Workshop at the 4th

    European Conference on Technology-Enhanced Learning (ECTEL09),

    Nice, France.

    Waldrop, M. M. (2008). Science 2.0. Scientific American, 298(5), 68.

    References