An orienteering curriculum

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Presentation at the 2011 Massachusetts Environmental Education Workshop

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  • A7: Map Navigation: Teaching Orienteering Barbara Bryant New England Orienteering Club
  • Todays workshop What is orienteering? Sample curriculum: team navigation Variations on the theme Orienteering exercise Resources for educators
  • What is orienteering? A navigation sport A treasure hunt with a map
  • Orienteering is acompetitive sport
  • Orienteeringhelps kids learn things they need to know
  • Orienteering Adventure September, 2010 6
  • Components of Orienteering Activities Map Navigation Teamwork Learn Plan Execute Reflect Developed over several years in collaboration with teachers
  • Junior High Orienteering Map Navigation Teamwork (1) Classroom lecture. (1) Make team ground rulesLearn (2) Homework. (2) Role-play potentially difficult (3) Test. situations Plan Teams plan routes. Distribute tasks. (1) Slow map walk to relate map to woods.Execute (2) Teams collect tickets at controls. (3) Tickets can be spent on prizes.Reflect How did we do? What did we learn?
  • Calendar Mon 9/13 Tue 9/14 Wed 9/15 Thu 9/16 Fri 9/18 Lecture. Homework due Teams plan routes Start homework in Lab Mon 9/20 Tue 9/21 Wed 9/22 Thu 9/23 Fri 9/24Licensing Exam Team dynamics Last minute Field trip questions in Home Room Fri 10/1 Rain date for field trip 9
  • Classroom Lecture Team challenge goal Reading a map Navigating with a map Field trip information Schedule Team mission rules What to bring Safety Homework: Planning a route 10
  • Team Challenge Goal Using a map and compass, and working as a team, find controls in the woods. Each team will get tickets for finding controls. The tickets can be exchanged for prizes. 11
  • Reading the Map 12
  • Sea levelhttp://raider.muc.edu/~mcnaugma/Topographic%20Maps/contour.htm 13
  • 10 feet 14
  • 20 feet 15
  • 20 feet 16
  • Elevation 17
  • Find some hilltops 18
  • Hilltops 19
  • Find saddles 20
  • Saddles 21
  • Water 22
  • Man-made Symbols 23
  • Rock 24
  • Vegetation(White) Forest 25
  • Estimating distance 1:10,000 scale: One centimeter on the map is 10,000 centimeters (___ meters) on the ground. Hint: 100 centimeters = 1 meter A pace is two steps. Roughly how many of your paces make 100 meters? 26
  • NORTH Directions of the EASTWEST compass SOUTH 27
  • Telling someone where you are on the North map EastWest 250m 28 South
  • Navigating with the map 29
  • Orienting the map 30
  • Orienting the map 31
  • Orienting the map 32
  • Orienting the map 33
  • Ways of orienting the map Match features around you Use your compass Use the sun (the sun is to the south of us in the middle of the day, if we are in the northern hemisphere) 34
  • When to orient the map Orient the map at every control to make sure you head in the right direction. Try to keep your map oriented at all times. Thumb the map as you walk: keep your thumb roughly pointing to where you are on the map. 35
  • Field trip schedule 8:45 Take bus to Middlesex Fells 9:30 Training map. 10:30 TEAM CHALLENGE. 12:30 Deadline to return to Finish 12:45 Return to buses. 1:00 Return to school 36
  • Map Walk 1 37
  • TEAM CHALLENGE:Landmark Controls 38
  • TEAM CHALLENGE: Team Controls (Envelopes are marked with team letter and control number so we can clean up any remaining controls after the event.) 39
  • Licensing Teams may choose to become Licensed to Navigate To become licensed, teams must demonstrate Knowledge of navigation (written test) A good plan for tackling the Team Challenge (individual homework and team work in class) Trustworthiness and readiness (teacher assessment) Why be licensed? The glory, the fame Useful feedback on skills the team needs to work on. Can choose to go without an adult chaperone 1 bonus ticket/person for taking the test 40
  • Licensing exam
  • TEAM CHALLENGE: Prizes Getting tickets 4 tickets at each team control 1 ticket for each landmark control 1 ticket for each person taking the Licensing exam 2 tickets for picking up garbage in the woods 2 tickets for team prepared to get on the bus 1 ticket for each person completing a course at a local NEOC orienteering meet Late penalty Lose 1 ticket for each minute late Tickets can be exchanged for prizes and snacks at the Finish 42
  • Bring to the woods: Watch (at least 1 per team) Cell phone (1 per team) Team packet (folder with maps, plan) Backpack Snack Lunch Water Suitable clothing Long-sleeved shirt; long pants Sweater, raincoat Insect repellant (optional) 43
  • Safety Teams carry cell phones. Numbers distributed to all adults. Safety numbers (mine, 911, ) Safety bearing is west. Teams must always stay together. Return to the Finish location by 12:30 at the latest. Watch where you step. Practice communicating location Preparation: route planning, team dynamics, 44
  • SafetyBearingisWEST to theroad, thenalong theroad to theparking lot. 45
  • RovingParents
  • Poison Ivy 3 leaves STAY AWAY! 47
  • Watch your step! 48
  • Calendar Mon 9/13 Tue 9/14 Wed 9/15 Thu 9/16 Fri 9/18 Lecture. Homework due Teams plan routes Start homework in Lab Mon 9/20 Tue 9/21 Wed 9/22 Thu 9/23 Fri 9/24Licensing Exam Team dynamics Last minute Field trip questions in Home Room Fri 10/1 Rain date for field trip 49
  • ROUTE PLANNING 50
  • Route planning advice Use trails as much as possible Big trails are faster than little trails Use landmark controls 51
  • Plan route from 2 to 3 52
  • Straight Line distance from 2 to 3 53
  • Draw in a route from 2 to 3 Pick up landmark controls along the way. 54
  • Which landmark controls will you visit? Answer: 120, 118, 117, 106 55
  • Which additional landmark controls can you get if you have extra time? What would be a good lunch spot? 56 How much time will you need to get from there to the finish?
  • Describe the route from 2 to 120From To Description2 120 Start by orienting the map and heading toward 120 (west). Distance: 0.5 cm on the map = 50 m on the ground = 35 paces Come down off the knoll. Pass the cliff on the right. The control feature is a trail junction. 57
  • Describe the route from 120 to 118 Distance = 2 cm = 200 m = 140 paces Orient the map and head south toward 118 along the trail. Make sure to take the left trail, not the one on the right. Cross a trail at about 60 paces. Pass a cliff on the right as we go up-hill. The control feature is a trail junction 58
  • Describe the route from 118 to 117Distance = 2 cm = 200 m = 140 paces Orient the map and head west along the big trail.Fence will be on our left.Trail will bend to the right at about 70 paces.At about 100 paces, there will be a large trail going off to theright.At the next trail junction, go right and we should see thecontrol.The control is at a trail junction. 59
  • Calendar Mon 9/13 Tue 9/14 Wed 9/15 Thu 9/16 Fri 9/18 Lecture. Homework due Teams plan routes Start homework in Lab Mon 9/20 Tue 9/21 Wed 9/22 Thu 9/23 Fri 9/24Licensing Exam Team dynamics Last minute Field trip questions in Home Room Fri 10/1 Rain date for field trip 60
  • Working as a Team 61
  • Working as a Team: Ground Rules Make your own Examples One person speaks at a time, and the others listen We make decisions by consensus (everyone has to agree on the decision) In discussions we do not have to agree - we want to hear everyones ideas We use respectful language with each other We value constructive feedback. We will avoid being defensive and give feedback in a constructive manner....