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History of Computer

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Peach # 18 Bay # 19 Beam # 23

Text of History of Computer

  • 1. HistoryofComputer

2. As early as the seventeenth century, mathematicians were trying to create a machine that could perform basic mathematical functionssuch as, addition, subtraction, division and multiplication . 3. 1804 British inventor, Charles Babbage, designed an all - purpose problem - solving machine, the difference engine, which had a mechanical memory to store the results of calculations . 4. Generation of Computer First Generation1940-1956 :Vacuum Tubes The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry andmagnetic drumsformemory , and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms .The UNIVAC andENIACcomputers arefirst - generation computing devices . 5. Second Generation-1956-1963 :Transistors Transistorsreplaced vacuum tubes and ushered in the second generation of computers. The transistor was invented in1947but did not see widespread use in computers until the late 50s. * smaller,faster and cheaper. 6. Third Generation-1964-1971 :Integrated Circuits The development of theintegrated circuitwas the hallmark of the third generation of computers .Transistors were miniaturized and placed onsilicon chips , calledsemiconductors , which drastically increased the speed and efficiency of computers . First Integrated Circuit 7. Fourth Generation-1971-Present :Microprocessors Themicroprocessorbrought the fourthgeneration of computers, as thousands of integrated circuits were built onto a single silicon chip . 8. Fifth Generation of Computer Fifth generation computing devices, based onartificial intelligence , are still in development, though there are someapplications , such asvoice recognition , that are being used today. 9. Group Members Peach# 18 Bay# 19 Beam# 23 M.4/12

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